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Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Articles / Papers

  • Author: Adediran D. Ikuomola, Abimbola A. Allen, & Chiedu A. Abrifor Volume: 7(5) 2019 Page: 688 - 704

    The girl-child vulnerability in fostering practices: evidence from selected business districts in lagos state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Fostering children has been an age long affair in African culture 

    where family members who are incapable of providing for their 

    children send them to relatives in better positions economically 

    and morally to provide support, skills as well as cementing 

    familial ties. Traditionally this was the case. In modern times, 

    economic constraints and the need for survival in the cities have 

    affected this practice, for which the demand for the girl child has 

    soared. Disadvantaged adolescent girls carry a range of burden 

    derived from vulnerability associated with child fostering. In this 

    regard, this study investigated the vulnerability of the girl child in 

    fostering practices in selected business districts in Lagos State, 

    Nigeria by exploring foster female children’s routine activities, 

    education and social well-being as well as the agency of their 

    biological parents on foster parents. The study indicates that a 

    significantly large number of girls between the ages of 9-17years 

    (observed to be economically active) were children living with a 

    foster parent. Often they are over-laboured at home with domestic 

    chores as housemaids and on the street searching and attending to 

    customers for their foster parents’ businesses. As a result, many 

    are de-motivated and eventually drop out of school. This study 

    recommends that all effort should be placed on deck by biological 

    parents to practically and emotionally invest on their children by 

    regularly visiting them to reduce the risk associated with fostering 

    a girl child by foster parents that are actively engaged in the city 

    centres and the informal sector at large.

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    Corresponding Author

    Adediran D. Ikuomola (PhD), Department of Sociology/Criminology and Security Studies, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected], Phone: +2347030261956

    Keywords

    Fostering Informal Sector De-motivation Vulnerability Emotional Investment
  • Author: Chris C. Ofonyelu & Felix Alaba Volume: 7(6) 2019 Page: 705 - 714

    Dual health trap: the face of hospital market and competition in ondo state

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The roles of competitions in health care markets have given rise to wide debates in health economic literature in the last two decades. In the consensus, country specific differences in the markets are important determinant of outcomes. This study examined competitions at three different levels using Akoko North East Local Government as the case study. The first exist in-between the private hospitals’ owners. Here, price is the basis of competition. In the second, the private compete with the public hospitals on the basis of price and quality. In the third, competition between the public versus public hospitals was insignificant. By using a combination of statistical methods, with data from 15 private and 10 public hospitals, competition was found to be inefficient, raising idle capacity accumulations and costs. Capacity utilization was observed as 40.2% and 36.3% for the private and public hospitals respectively. The cost of the inefficiency per annum in Ondo State and Nigeria were estimated at N1.3025 billion and N56.006 billion respectively.

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    Corresponding Author

    Chris Ofonyelu (PhD), Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected]; Phone : +234 803 626 3154

    Keywords

    Competition Efficiency Dual Trap Idle Capacities
  • Author: Chukwuechefulam, K. Imo Volume: 7(7) 2019 Page: 715 - 729

    Maternal health insurance coverage and antenatal care service utilisation in nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Maternal health care services during pregnancy and childbirth covered in health 

    insurance benefit packages is important for the well-being of both the mother 

    and their unborn babies. Adequate social research attention has not been given 

    to the association between maternal health insurance and antenatal care (ANC) 

    service in Nigeria. This study, therefore, examined the association between 

    maternal health insurance coverage and ANC service utilisation using data from 

    sample of 21,449 childbearing women extracted from 2018 Nigeria 

    Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). This study revealed that health 

    insurance coverage is low and associated with ANC service utilisation among 

    childbearing women in Nigeria. For instance, the likelihood of having health 

    insurance coverage was significantly high for women who had 4 or more ANC 

    visits (Odds Ratio (OR): 1.64; CI: 1.18-2.26) and delivered in both public and 

    private health facilities (OR: 3.02; CI: 2.35-3.87 and OR: 2.98; CI: 2.24-3.96, 

    respectively). It is concluded that being covered by health insurance is 

    positively associated with adequate ANC visits, early initiation of ANC and 

    proper choice of place of delivery during pregnancy among childbearing 

    women. Hence, health policymakers should intensify efforts towards 

    comprehensive health insurance coverage aimed at achieving Sustainable 

    Development Goal 3 target of reducing maternal and child mortality in Nigeria.

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    Corresponding Author

    Chukwuechefulam, K. Imo (PhD), Department of Sociology , Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +2348069226978

    Keywords

    Maternal Health Insurance Coverage ANC Service Utilisation Nigeria
  • Author: Adeboye I. Elumaro Volume: 8(7) 2020 Page: 797 - 806

    Developing self-reliance through sport participation: a review

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Sport participation is an essential component of social life for its role in helping children and the youth to develop skills and abilities to function effectively in society. Sustained participation in sport can also aid the development of personal characteristics that would enhance the level of self-reliance among people. Self-reliance is a key characteristic people must develop to attain their life aspirations. This paper presents a review of existing literature to highlight the importance of sport participation in helping children and the youth cultivate personal characteristics necessary for the development of self-reliance. Five sport related databases were searched for studies relevant to the review. Exploration of the extant literature suggests that goal setting, self-confidence, mental toughness and grittiness are peculiar characteristics and behaviours that can be developed, nurtured and deployed through sport participation to enhance self-reliance among young people. It was recommended that children and young people be encouraged to engage in sustained participation in sport in order to develop these characteristics.

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    Corresponding Author

    Adeboye I. Elumaro (PhD), Department of Hunan Kinetics and Health Education, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected],, Phone: +2347038192021

    Keywords

    Self-reliance Sport Development Personal Characteristics Behaviours
  • Author: Zaccheaus Olufunminiyi Olonade Volume: 8(8) 2020 Page: 807 - 816

    Relationship between openness to experience, conscientiousness, neuroticism and managerial performance in national population commission, lagos state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The success or otherwise of organizations is highly influenced by the efficiency and effectiveness of managers, who will directly supervise the employees productivity. To be efficient and effective, it is believed that the personality of individuals is crucial. This study, therefore, examines the relationship between openness to experience, conscientiousness, neuroticism and managerial performance in the National Population Commission Lagos State. Descriptive research design was used and data was collected through self-administered questionnaires. A total of 101 respondents were selected for the study using stratified sampling technique. The instruments used were the Big Five Inventory (BFI) the Managerial Performance Scale (MPS). Three hypotheses were postulated and tested using multiple regression analyses. Results showed that both openness to experience and conscientiousness significantly positively predicted managerial performance, while neuroticism did not. Based on the findings, the study recommends that management and senior staff of organizations should be exposed to training programmes that will enhance their personality traits, as this will positively contribute to their effectiveness and efficiency at work. It is believed that this will improve their behavioural patterns, interpersonal relationships and facilitate effective and efficient discharge of duties and responsibilities, and enhancing their managerial performance. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Zaccheaus O. Olonade (PhD), Department of Human Resources Development, Faculty of Management Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria. E-mail: , [email protected], [email protected] , Phone: +2347033751620

    Keywords

    Openness To Experience Conscientiousness Neuroticism And Managerial Performance.
  • Author: Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu & Abimbola Adebimpe Allen Volume: 8(9) 2020 Page: 817 - 825

    Gendered violence: vulnerability of female secondary school students to sexual abuse

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study investigated girls’ vulnerability to sexual violence among public secondary school students in Akoko South-West Local Government Area (LGA) of Ondo State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A total of two hundred (200) students within the age range of nine to twenty (9-20) years were selected from four (4) secondary schools out of the fifteen in the LGA for the study, through a purposive sampling technique. Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Data collected were analyzed using chi-square statistics. Findings of the study showed that there was a significant relationship between male sexual exploitation and girls’ vulnerability to sexual abuse, with r-cal of 0.68 at 0.05 level of significance. Findings further revealed that there was no significant relationship between girls, aged nine to twenty (9-20) and their vulnerability to sexual abuse, with r-cal of 0.13 at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings, girls were advised to be committed to their studies, and live within their means so as not to fall victims of sexual exploitation. It was further recommended that girls, no matter their ages, should avoid being alone with members of the opposite sex; especially, senior boys and male teachers, when other students must have left for home or their hostels. Girls should be encouraged to speak up, report to the school authority and their parents in case they are sexually abused so that appropriate actions would be taken against perpetrators. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu (Ph.D), Department of Guidance & Counselling, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected], Phone : +2348064737149

    Keywords

    Gendered-violence Vulnerability Girls Sexual Abuse.
  • Author: Rosemary Ochanya Ogbodo Adoga Volume: 5(7) 2017 Page: 558 - 566

    Counselling strategies for modification of deviant behaviours among youths

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Deviant behaviour among Nigeria youths is increasingly becoming worrisome due to its overbearing impact on family and the society. This paper is essentially anchored on this social crisis. In examining this issue, the researcher carefully identifies tendencies such as stealing, truancy, lateness, bully, fighting, lying, disobedience, insubordination, cultism, cheating, examination malpractice, indecent dressing, smoking & Alcohol consumption among others associated with deviant behaviour which may require certain counselling methods to change. The method which counsellors use to effect this behavioural change is called behavioural modification. Conclusion and recommendations are drawn from the discussion on factors and causes of deviant behaviours

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    Corresponding Author

    Rosemary Ochanya Ogbodo Adoga, National Open University of Nigeria. Email: [email protected] . Phone: +234-80331-58412

    Keywords

    Counselling Strategies Behaviours Modification Youths
  • Author: Ume, Eucharia Chibuzo Volume: 5(8) 2017 Page: 567 - 572

    Policy implementation and organisation performance of the nigerian immigration service

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The topic of this Research is policy Implementation and organizations performance in the Nigeria Immigration Service. The foundation which to build success in policy implementation were highlighted, which includes Resources, Planning and processes, leadership, Value-base leadership and technology. Using simple percentage to adopt and analyze the data collected through the use of questionnaire. The views of resource people were acknowledged and cross-sectional survey of 187 respondents of Nigeria Immigration service Lagos state were used. The data was collected, presented and analyzed descriptively. Three research hypotheses were formulated (drawn from, research questions) and tested. In hypothesis one and two, the Null hypothesis was accepted and the alternative hypotheses were rejected respectively, since calculated value did not exceed the 0-level correlation coefficient. In hypothesis three, the Null hypothesis was rejected and the alternate hypothesis was accepted, since r calculated value exceed the 0-level correlation co-efficient. The study investigated the policy and effect of its implementation and the findings revealed that the employees are not carried along in policy formulation and implementation. The conclusion drawn from the data collected shown that the policy implementations are not effective in the service and also not monitored. It was recommended that Resources should be put in place for effective policy implementation in the organization. However, the researcher suggests for further research studies on the topic.  

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    Corresponding Author

    Ume, Eucharia Chibuzo, National Open University of Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +234-80629-01089

    Keywords

    Policy Implementation Organization Performance
  • Author: Pitan Oluyemisi, O Volume: 5(9) 2017 Page: 573 - 580

    Exploration of cybercrime among some selected nigerian youths

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The proliferation of digital technology, and the convergence of computing and communication devices, has transformed the way in which we socialise and do business. While overwhelmingly positive, there has also been a dark side to these developments. Proving the maxim that crime follows opportunity, virtually every advance has been accompanied by a corresponding niche to be exploited for criminal purposes. The purpose of this study was to explain the trend of cybercrime among youths in South-west, Nigeria. The study adopted cross sectional survey design with a sample size of two thousand eight hundred and ninety-three (2893) randomly selected adolescents from South-West, Nigeria took part in the study. A self-developed instrument was used for collection of data. Upon consent, participants were asked to complete the “Intent Towards Internet Fraud Scale (ITIFS). Findings revealed that no significant gender difference in intent towards cybercrimes among the youths (t-cal. = 1.661 < t-crit. = 1.96, P < 0.05), while significant age difference (t-cal. = 8.083 > t-crit. = 1.96, P < 0.05). Also, the results further revealed that 27.1% of the variance in the intent to engaged in cybercrime among the youths was accounted for by level of education. It was concluded that gender, age, level of education are predictive factors for cybercrime among youths, while both formal and informal education should be used as a tool to guide the youths aright.   

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    Corresponding Author

    Pitan Oluyemisi, O, School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +234-80306-89935

    Keywords

    Cybercrime Youths Nigeria
  • Author: Saheed Abiola SAKA Volume: 5(6) 2017 Page: 545 - 557

    Do perceived social support and health perception facilitate better psychological wellbeing among road safety personnel?

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Previous research has shown that perceived social support facilitates individuals’ psychological wellbeing. However, less is known about how perceived social support and health perception shape the psychological wellbeing of Federal Road Safety personnel in Nigeria. Therefore, the current research explores the influence of perceived social support and health perception on psychological wellbeing among a sample of Federal Road Safety personnel in Osun State sector command and its component units. Participants were 268 (203 (75.7%) men and 65 (24.3%) women. These participants completed measures of social support, health perception and psychological well-being, in addition to some demographic variables.  Data were analyzed using multiple regression statistical analysis. Perceived social support and health perception jointly predicted psychological wellbeing F(2, 222) = 9.435; R2 =.08, p <.01); by accounting for about 8% variation in psychological well-being of participants. The results further shows that perceived social support (β = .26; t = 4.008, p <.01) independently predicted psychological wellbeing of Federal Road Safety personnel. However, health perception (β = .07, t = 1.060, p >.05) did not significantly independently predict their psychological wellbeing. Conclusively, psychological well-being among Federal Road Safety personnel is a function of perception of presence of social support. It is recommended that the management of Federal Road Safety Corps should enhanced the welfare of his personnel and give appropriate support to them in order to improve their psychological wellbeing, be more efficient on the job and live a full fulfilled life.  

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    Corresponding Author

    Saheed Abiola SAKA, Department of Psychology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria, Email: [email protected] Phone: +234-80355-29911

    Keywords

    Psychological Wellbeing Perceived Social Support Health Perception Road Safety