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Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Articles / Papers

  • Author: Pius Enechojo ADEJOH Volume: 4(4) 2016 Page: 409 - 425

    The impacts of civil society groups in the june 12, 1993 general elections in nigeria: a reappraisal

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  • ABSTRACT

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    June 12, 1993 or June 12 for short, occupies an undying place in
    Nigeria’s chequered history for obvious reasons. On this day, an
    estimated 14 million Nigerians pulled down the divisive walls of
    religion, ethnicity and other primordial sentiments to vote for a new
    united Nigeria in a presidential election that became adjudged the
    freest, fairest and most orderly in Nigeria. The annulment of that
    election brought to a head the monumental fraud which the Nigerian
    military under the then self-styled President Ibrahim Babangida had
    become, and shook to its foundation the patriotic credentials which it
    had hitherto touted. But just as inherent in every action lies a reaction
    of equal velocity, that singular military misadventure bore in its very
    bowel an uncommon Nigerian courage midwifed by the civil society
    that would thoroughly demystify and hound the military back to the
    barracks, and also lay the foundation for the country’s current
    democratic experience. This paper analyses the forces that shaped
    June 12 elections, the role played by the civil society in its attainment
    and its prospects and implications for democracy in Nigeria.

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    Tel: +234 (0)8023599648; +234 (0)8186288005

    Keywords

    Elections June 12 Military Civil Society Nigeria
  • Author: Pitan Oluyemisi, O. Volume: 5(4) 2017 Page: 523 - 531

    Knowledge management and leadership behaviour as predictors of engagement practices among academic staff in universities in ogun state

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    This study investigates the predictive effects of knowledge management and leadership behaviour on engagement practices among academic staff in universities in Ogun State. Three hundred academic staff with a mean age 33.3 selected from six (6) universities through stratified and simple random sampling techniques participated in the study. Three instruments, Knowledge Management Processes Questionnaire (KMPQ), The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), and The Job Engagement Scale (JES) were utilized in the study. The data collected were analyzed using multiple regressions (stepwise) and t-test statistics. Findings showed that the two predictor variables (knowledge management and leadership behaviour) combined and individually, predicted the criterion variable (engagement practices). Finding also indicated that critical life event was the most potent contributor to the prediction of engagement practices among academic staff. The results of this study provide policy makers in higher education with a framework to make universities more innovative and more capable of responding to the needs of the constantly changing environment.

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    Corresponding Author

    Pitan Oluyemisi, O, School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +234-80306-89935

    Keywords

    Knowledge Management Leadership Behaviour Engagement Practices Academic Staff
  • Author: Fatoye Helen Ajibike, Bakare MisturaAdebisi, & Oyeleke Ajiboye Isaac Volume: 6(4) 2018 Page: 616 - 623

    Family support and jail duration as correlates of recidivism among prison inmates of agodi prison in nigeria

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Re-offending is one of the major problems with ex- convicts and researches have been conducted to ascertain causes of re-offending among ex -offenders. Evidence is still needed on the influence of family support and jail duration on reoffending among ex prison inmates in Nigeria. The sample for this study is 200 (Two hundred) respondents who were purposively selected in a cross sectional survey among other inmates at Agodi prison. Results reveal that there is a significant inverse relationship between family support and criminal intent (r = -.32, p<.01), family support, family relationship quality and partner support jointly predicted criminal intent (R2 = 0.13, F (3,245) = 11.79, p < .01). The results further reveal that there is significant effect of length of sentence on criminal intent (F (3,246) = 6.57, p<.001), inmates with awaiting trial (short sentence) reported high criminal intent than awaiting trial. It was concluded that family support and jail duration influence re-offending among inmates and necessary recommendations were made. 

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    Oyeleke Ajiboye Isaac, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected],[email protected] .edu.ng, Phone: 080666690282

    Keywords

    Inmates Re-offending Prison Jail Duration And Family Support
  • Author: Agesin Bamikole E Volume: 3(5) 2015 Page: 330 - 343

    Roles of locus of control and perceived organisational climate in occupational burnout among federal road safety personnel in ondo state

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    This study investigated the extent to which locus of control and organizational 

    climate predicts occupational burnout among federal road safety workers. A subsample of 276 Federal Road Safety Commission personnel in Ondo State, 

    Nigeria participated in the study. They comprised of 150 men and 126 women. 

    Their ages ranged from 21 to 53 years with a mean of 34.97 years and SD 7.1). 

    Data on locus of control, perceived organizational climate and occupational 

    burnout were collected using structured questionnaire. Three hypotheses were 

    tested using the linear multiple regressions. Results showed that locus of control 

    perceived and organizational climate led to reduced occupational burnout. The 

    findings suggested that, in order to reduce occupational burnout among 

    employee of the Federal Road Safety Commission, appropriate training an d 

    development workshops on handling burnout should be regularly organized .

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    Corresponding Author

    Agesin Bamikole E, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. Phone: +2348034947364, E-mail:[email protected]

    Keywords

    Occupational Burnout Locus Of Control Perceived Organizational Climate Road Safety Personnel
  • Author: Aderonke A. Akintola Volume: 6(5) 2018 Page: 624 - 634

    Life orientation, personality traits and self-esteem as predictors of subjective happiness among nigerian undergraduates

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Happiness doesn't have a specific definition because how individuals experience it differs. Happiness is a sense of wellbeing, joy or contentment and it's one of the most sought after disposition in human life. There has been growing concern over the low level of subjective happiness experienced by Nigerian undergraduates. Few research efforts have been devoted to how life orientation, personality traits and selfesteem predict subjective happiness among these undergraduates. This study therefore explored the prediction of subjective happiness among Nigerian undergraduates by these variables. An expo-facto research design was adopted. Accidental sampling technique was used to select total sample of 247 (male=107 and female=140) undergraduates from two universities in Ondo state whose ages range from 15-28 (Mean=20.22, SD=2.69). Self-report measures of life orientation, Big-five personality traits, self-esteem and subjective happiness were responded to. One hypothesis was generated and tested using Hierarchal Regression and Independent t-test. The Hierarchal regression analysis revealed that life orientation, personality traits (extraversion), and self-esteem significantly predicted Nigerian undergraduates’ subjective happiness (β = .17p< .05), (β = .16p<.05) and (β = -.17p<.05) respectively. Similarly, Gender significantly predicted subjective happiness among the undergraduates (β = -.17p<.05) with the male experiencing higher subjective happiness. All variables of study accounted for 10% variance of subjective happiness. Based on these findings, it is recommended that Government, institutions and individuals should encourage Nigerian undergraduates by giving scholarships, assisting the less privileged, organize programs that bolster self-esteem and also screen for personality factors that could predispose the students to psychological challenges in the course of study. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Aderonke A. AKINTOLA, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348033879244

    Keywords

    Life Orientation Personality Traits Self-esteem Subjective Happiness
  • Author: Olusegun Adeleke Oba-Adenuga Volume: 3(6) 2015 Page: 344 -350

    Electronic recruitment and human resources management of a nigerian bank

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    This study examined the relationship between electronic recruitment and human 

    resource management in a Nigerian Bank. It is also evaluated whether electronic 

    recruitment mechanism has enhanced human resource management, staffing 

    goals and objectives. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. One 

    hundred participants were randomly selected for the study. The study made use 

    of a self-designed questionnaire titled recruitment and human resources 

    management as instrument of data collection. Two hypotheses were stated and 

    analysed using Pearson Moment Correlation. The results of the study revealed 

    that electronic recruitment mechanism was significantly related with human 

    resources management (staffing goals and objectives). Also, the result revealed 

    that there was a significance relationship between human resources management 

    and employees’ performance and competence. Based on the findings, it was 

    recommended that financial institutions should imbibe e-recruitment as part of 

    the operational component of their human resource strategies.

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    Olusegun Adeleke Oba-Adenuga (PhD), School of Management Sciences, National Open University, Victoria Island, Lagos Nigeria. Phone: +2348033879789 or +2348023440926. E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    E-recruitment Human Resources Management Bank Nigeria
  • Author: Kehinde Charles Akinwarere Volume: 3(7) 2015 Page: 351 - 357

    The predicting roles of psychosocial factors in school adjustment among in-school adolescents

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study investigated psycho-social factors (family background, parents’ socioeconomic status, and self-concept) in school adjustment among in-school 

    adolescents’. Two hundred senior secondary school students participated in this 

    study. The results showed that there was a significant influence of peer group on 

    in school adjustment among in-school adolescents. There was no significant 

    difference between male and female secondary school students on school 

    adjustment. Finally, there was a significant relationship between self-concept and 

    school adjustment among in-school adolescents. Consequent upon these 

    findings, peer group and development of self-concept is to maintain if not verify 

    one’s existing view of oneself, to see oneself accurately, and to maintain a 

    positive image of oneself of school adjustment of in-school adolescents. On the 

    basis of these findings, it was recommended that in order to impact positive 

    development of self-concepts in students, the parents, teachers and counsellors 

    should provide the students adequate orientation towards the development of 

    positive self-concept and self-confidence.

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    Corresponding Author

    Kehinde Charles Akinwarere, Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State. Phone: +2348066738452. E-mail:[email protected]

    Keywords

    Adolescent Adjustment Peer-group Self–concept In-school Adolescent
  • Author: Olumide Ayeniyo Volume: 6(6) 2018 Page: 635 - 645

    Relationship between group cohesiveness and financial performance in guaranty trust bank nigeria plc

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study expanded knowledge base and to empirically establish the relationship between the components of organizational culture and financial performance. Both primary and secondary data sources were explored for the study. The primary data were collected through the administration of a questionnaire to purposively selected 100 low and middle level management staff of the GTbank Nigeria PLC at Lagos Headquarters and two branches within Lagos State. The secondary data were obtained from the bank’s audited accounts for 2014 and 2015 accounting years. The primary data were subjected to both descriptive statistics, such as mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics; chi-square (χ2 ) statistics which was used to establish the relationship between organizational culture and improved financial performance. The results revealed a strong relationship between organizational culture and group cohesiveness. This relationship was found to have influenced improved current ratio of the bank, which rose from 1.18 in 2014, to 1.19 in 2015, representing 1% improvement during the period under review. Also, the profitability ratio recorded 67.7% in 2014 but got slightly reduced to 67.3% in 2015; indicating 2% reduction. GTbank was equally recognized by customers as a financial institution of first choice, because of its high quality organizational culture with mean score of 4.86 and standard deviation of 0.73. Results also revealed that the existing organizational culture makes assigned duties to be irresistible to workers (χ2 = 9.64; P≤ 0.05). From the findings, it was obvious that organizational culture contributes to improved workers’ performance which in turn was responsible for the improved performance of the bank. It was concluded that high quality organizational culture is capable of enhancing workers’ performance and ensuring improved financial performance. 

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    Olumide Ayeniyo, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Social & Management Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +234(0)8034363635

    Keywords

    Organizational Culture Improved Workers’ Performance And Financial Performance
  • Author: Oteri Isaiah Volume: 3(8) 2015 Page: 358 - 365

    Gender differences in quality of life among some selected students in nigeria

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    This study investigated gender differences in quality of life among 150 

    (male = 75 and female = 75) selected students from a state polytechnic in 

    Nigeria. Their ages ranged from 19 to 34 years with a mean age of 28.2 

    years. Data on quality of life and some demographic variables were 

    collected using structured questionnaire. Results indicated no significant 

    gender differences in quality of life among the respondents. This 

    suggested that both male students had comparable levels of quality of 

    life. The findings were discussed in the context of the existing literature, 

    and suggestions were offered on how to enhance the quality of life of 

    students.

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    Corresponding Author

    Oteri Isaiah, Psychology Unit, Department of Arts & Humanities, Delta State Polytechnic, Nigeria. Phone: +2348034441392, [email protected]

    Keywords

    Quality Of Life Gender Undergraduates University
  • Author: Samuel Ojima Adejoh Volume: 4(6) 2016 Page: 439 - 447

    An exploration of community factors in diabetes management

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    This study examined community factors that impact diabetes
    management among those living with diabetes. The study was a cross -
    sectional survey and non-experimental design conducted among the
    Igala in Kogi State. The quantitative method of data collection was
    used. Respondents were purposively selected through convenience and
    snowballing sampling techniques. A total of 152 persons living with
    diabetes were selected. The data were analysed using simple
    percentage, chi square and regression analyses. The results show that
    availability of physical infrastructure and health educators’ visits to the
    community were statistically related to diabetes management at P<.000
    and P<.004, respectively. The Adjusted R 2 =.233 shows that being a
    member of a voluntary association, availability of
    physical
    infrastructure, distance to the clinics, presence of health educators, and
    access to clinics can explain about 23.3 percent of the variance in
    diabetes management among the study population. The results further
    show that availability of physical infrastructure (β= -367, t= -4.870, P <
    .000) impacted negatively on diabetes management. There is need for
    comprehensive diabetes education and a policy that will assist those
    living with diabetes, financially.

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    [email protected]

    Keywords

    Diabetes Management Health Educators Community Factors And Clinics
  • Author: Ugwu Callistus Chinwuba & Ogbogu, Ugochukwu Christian Volume: 4(7) 2016 Page: 448 - 464

    Work-family conflict and job embeddedness of selected bank employees in nnewi, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    In this study, the relationship between work-family conflict, family-
    work conflict and job embeddedness among two hundred and fifty (150
    males and 100 females) bank employees in Nnewi, Anambra State,
    Nigeria was examined. Data were collected using validated work-
    family conflict scale developed by Carlson and colleagues (2000) and
    job embeddedness scale adapted by Crossley et al (2007) from the
    original scale developed by Mitchell et al (2001) and revalidated in
    Nigeria. Four hypotheses were postulated and tested. Correlation and
    regression analyses were used to analyze the data. The results indicated
    that work-family conflict and family-work conflict significantly
    predicted job embeddedness of bank employees in Nigeria.
    Specifically, work-family conflict showed a significant negative
    prediction of job embeddedness of bank employees in Nigeria under
    study (β = -0.67; t = -5.95; p < .01). Also, family-work conflict
    produced a significant negative prediction of job embeddedness of
    bank employees in Nigeria (β = -0.29; t = 3.23; p < .01). Gender as
    well showed a significant influence on work-family conflict. The
    influence of age on job embeddedness was also significant. The
    implications of these results to research and organizational practice as
    well as the limitations and suggestions for further studies were
    highlighted.

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    Ugwu Callistus Chinwuba, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, M adonna University Nigeria, Okija Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria. e-mail:[email protected], Phone: +2348(0)38891267

    Keywords

    Work-family Conflict Family-work Embeddedness Bank Employees Nigeria. Conflict Job
  • Author: Abiodun Musbau Lawal & Ezekiel Adeyemi Odedokun Volume: 8(1) 2020 Page: 730 - 740

    The predictive value of length of service, role burden and alcohol use on subjective happiness among university staff

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Employee subjective happiness at various organisations has continued to receive research attention in recent times. Perhaps, this might be linked to the idea of enhancing the overall employee efficiency and organisational effectiveness. In view of this, we examined the independent and joint predictive values of length of service, role burden and alcohol use on subjective happiness among staff in a Nigerian University. This study adopted a cross sectional design and conveniently sampled 255 (134 males; 121 females) teaching and non-teaching staff of ages between 20 and 57 years (M= 36.45, SD= 7.02) in Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria. The participants responded to a questionnaire comprising demographic characteristics and reliable scales measuring role overload (burden), alcohol use and subjective happiness. Results of a three-model hierarchical multiple regression showed that independently, University staff with longer length of service reported higher levels of subjective happiness and those with less role burden reported higher level of subjective happiness. However, no direct associations were observed between alcohol use and gender on level of subjective happiness. Length of service, role burden and alcohol use jointly predicted subjective happiness with a remarkable 43% (R 2 =.43) variation of subjective happiness; and role burden recorded highest and substantial contribution. In conclusion, University staff with longer service and those with less job-related roles are more delightful at work. We recommend stress management training coupled with discouragement on the use of alcohol as a coping method for all University staff irrespective of their gender. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Abiodun Musbau Lawal (PhD), Department of Psychology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +234 8037213058

    Keywords

    Alcohol Use Happiness Role Burden University Staff Nigeria
  • Author: Deborah Oluwafunmilola Tobih & James Enajero Tobih Volume: 8(2) 2020 Page: 741 - 755

    Evaluation of gendered spaces and gender bias in the choice of leaders in nigerian universities

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Discriminations and gender bias have become a global concern. Tertiary Institutions of learning have become sites where gender bias and gender spaces are well pronounced especially in the in the choice of leaders. In this study, descriptive survey research type of non-experimental design was adopted. A total of 403 (192 males, 201 female and 10 who did not indicate their sex) employees from four Nigerian Universities participated in the study. Their ages ranged from 16yrs to 60 years and above. The participants had a mean age of 37.54yrs and standard deviation of 14.45yrs. Two research questions and two hypotheses were postulated and tested using frequency count, percentages, mean and standard deviations and t-test. Results revealed a significant difference in the treatment of workers based on their gender particularly in remuneration/wages (t =2.71, df =391, p < 0.05), training and development (t =2.39, df =391, p < 0.05), sabbatical opportunity (t =2.30, df =388, p < 0.05). The study concludes that factors such as, skill, ability, job requirement, educational qualification, and gender were important factors for choice of leaders in Nigerian universities. It is, therefore, recommended that concerted efforts should be made to create awareness and re-orientate the young ones on the issue of gender equity in all spheres of life starting from cradle to adulthood.

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    James Enajero Tobih (PhD), Department of Othorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. E-mail:[email protected]; Phone: +234 8033857703

    Keywords

    Gender Gender Bias Workplace Leaders University
  • Author: Olumide Ayeniyo Volume: 8(3) 2020 Page: 756 - 762

    Assessment of workers’ participation in decision making and commitment to organizational performance in a second generation bank in lagos

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study examined the relationship between employees’ participation in decision making process and their commitment in the Nigerian Banking sector. This was with a view to unveiling the causal relations between levels of involvement in decision making and their commitment to duties. To achieve these objectives, about 35% of the total population (216) of the Head Office staff of the bank was sampled; mostly on the middle level cadre. In all, about 75 sets of questionnaires were obtained and analyzed. The data collected were analyzed using regression analysis. Results showed that employees’ participation (t = 7.75; p ≤ 0.01) had positive and significant influence on workers’ commitment to organizational performance. It is therefore, concluded that workers’ involvement in decision motivates job performance. It is thus recommended that workers in organizations should be encouraged to participate in decision as a way of motivation in order to ensure better performance of individual employees. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Olumide Ayeniyo, Department of Business Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +2348034363635

    Keywords

    Employees’ Participation Decision Making Process Workers’ Commitment Organizational Performance.
  • Author: Kassim Olusanmi Ajayi , Jimoh Wole Owoyele , & Seyifunmi Oluwabukola Ogunkoya Volume: 8(4) 2020 Page: 763 - 773

    Teacher factors as predictors of students’ academic achievement in economics in ogun state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Economics is one of the social science subjects in Nigeria. Hence, students are expected to pass the subject for them to be admitted into the faculties of the Social Sciences and Administration in Nigerian universities. However, the achievement of secondary students in Economics has not been encouraging, especially in Ogun State, Nigeria. Therefore, this study examined teacher-related factors as predictors of students’ academic achievement in Economics in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey design. Six hundred students and forty teachers were selected from two local government areas in Ogun State using simple random sampling and proportionate sampling techniques. The Economics students responded to Students’ Perceived Teacher Factors Questionnaire; (r=0.81) and Economics Achievement Test, (r=0.84) while Economics teachers responded to teachers’ demographic bio-data. Two research hypotheses were tested and analysed using multiple regression analysis. Result revealed that teachers’ qualification (0.14), competence (0.92) and experience (0.14) independently and jointly contributed significantly to students’ academic achievement in Economics (R2 = 0.77, F = 46.78, p< 0.05). Based on the findings, it was recommended that government and other education service providers may improve students’ academic achievement in Economics by employing teachers with high qualification, competence and experience. 

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    Kassim Olusanmi Ajayi (PhD), Department of Counselling Psychology and Educational Foundations, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +2348130943933.

    Keywords

    Teachers Qualification Teachers Competence Teacher Experience Academic Achievement In Economics
  • Author: Oyenike Mary Eludoyin & Kehinde Owolabi Volume: 8(5) 2020 Page: 774 - 785

    Solute loads in a waste-prone stream and their environmental implications

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Water is an important component of human life, and a major focus in the Sustainable Development Goals. Dissolved solids and conductivity, otherwise known as solute loads, are key and complementary parameters of water quality. Their presence in water at a particular magnitude portend ecological and health implications to the environment. The present study examined the spatial and temporal variations in dissolved solids and conductivity values in a waste-prone stream within a university campus in Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to determine the concentrations of dissolved and conductivity and their relationship in the stream. Values of conductivity, and total dissolved solids (TDS) were obtained at seven locations along the stream, at a weekly interval, using a calibrated handheld TDS /conductivity meter. Results showed that the conductivity and TDS exceeded recommended limits for domestic water use, and that fetching the stream water for domestic use may foretell health challenges if untreated. The study concluded that people who drink untreated stream water are vulnerable to dangers of water contamination in many areas in the region.

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    Corresponding Author

    Oyenike Mary Eludoyin (Ph.D), Department of Geography and Planning Sciences Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected], Phone : +2348037775506

    Keywords

    Dissolved Solids Water Chemistry Conductivity Stream Systems
  • Author: Retta Akingbade, Bamidele Osamika, Babajide Ojedele Volume: 7(1) 2019 Page: 645 - 655

    Gambling behaviour: the role of gender and social norms

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The Nigerian youth, especially undergraduates are increasingly engaging in 

    gambling, which predisposes them to problem or pathological gambling and 

    thus calls for special concern. Several factors have been found to influence 

    gambling behaviour however, studies are skewed toward males and few have 

    examined the role of social norms in Nigeria. This study, therefore, evaluates 

    gender differences and social norms in gambling behaviour among regulars at 

    gambling centers around a university community in the South East Local 

    Government Area of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross 

    sectional research survey design. Convenience sampling technique was used to 

    select 272 (161= males; 111=females) participants (M =23.50; SD=4.58). They 

    responded to measures of South Oaks Gambling (α = 0.89) and Social Norms (α 

    = 0.86). Independent sample t-test analysis was used to test the formulated 

    hypotheses. Results revealed that there were gender differences in gambling 

    behaviour [t (270) = 3.73; p<.01]; with male participants [M=41.04, SD =15.45] 

    significantly reporting more gambling behaviour compared with female 

    participants [M=33.99, SD= 15.07]. Moreover, social norms significantly 

    influenced gambling behaviour [t (270) =-7.64, p<.01] in such a way that 

    participants with high social norms [M= 45.00, SD= 15.85] significantly 

    reported more gambling behaviour than participants with low social norms 

    [M=31.80, SD= 12.51]. The study concluded that social norms play a key role 

    in influencing gambling behaviour and although males were more predisposed 

    to gambling, females are also increasingly getting involved in gambling.

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    Corresponding Author

    Bamidele Osamika, Department of Psychology, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone : +2346168825629

    Keywords

    Gambling Behaviour Gender Social Norms Ibadan Nigeria
  • Author: Janet T. Olaseni Volume: 7(2) 2019 Page: 656 - 665

    Emotional well-being among visually impaired adolescents in nigeria: the role of perceived stigmatization

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The rate at which Nigerian adolescents diagnosed with visual impairment are experiencing stigmatization is on the increase and may have adverse effect on their emotional well-being if not urgently addressed. This study therefore investigated the extent to which perceived stigmatization predicted emotional well-being among visually impaired adolescents in South-West, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design. One hundred and forty-five (145) respondents (males=89; females=56) who were selected from six visually impaired schools (M=15.08, SD=2.18) in South-West, Nigeria participated in the study. They responded to measures of Emotional Well-Being (α = 0.95) and Perceived Stigmatization (α = 0.88). The formulated hypothesis was tested with Simple Regression Analysis. The results of the Simple Regression analysis revealed that perceived stigmatization significantly predicted emotional well-being of the visually impaired adolescents (β = -0.19, p < 0.05) such that as the adolescents level of perceived stigmatization increased, their emotional well-being declined. Therefore, perceived stigmatization had a significant inverse prediction on emotional well-being of the adolescents with visual impairment in South-West Nigeria. The study recommended that adolescents with visual impairment should be given adequate social, moral and financial support.

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    Corresponding Author

    Janet T. Olaseni (PhD), Department of Pure and Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] Phone : +2348069118568

    Keywords

    Emotional Well-being Perceived Stigmatization South-West Nigeria
  • Author: Zaccheaus Olufunminiyi Olonade Volume: 7(3) 2019 Page: 666 - 675

    Extraversion and agreeableness as predictors of managerial performance among national population commission workers in lagos state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study examines extraversion and agreeableness as predictors of managerial 

    performance among National Population Commission Workers in Lagos State 

    Nigeria. Descriptive research design was used and data was collected through 

    self-administered questionnaires with a total of 110 respondent selected for the 

    study using stratified sampling technique while 101 of it were successfully 

    retrieved from the respondents. The instrument used was a standard 

    questionnaire which comprised the Extraversion scale (α = 0.88), 

    Agreeableness scale (α = 0.86), and the Managerial Performance scale (α = 

    0.90). Simple regression analysis was used to examine the research hypotheses 

    generated for the study. The result of the findings showed that extraversion and 

    agreeableness have positive significance prediction on managerial performance. 

    Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that employers conduct 

    personality test in addition to other recruitment tests carried out for prospective 

    employees. This is because a good knowledge of the prospective employee’s 

    personality can go a long way to identifying their likely commitment level.

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    Corresponding Author

    Zaccheaus O. Olonade, Department of Human Resources Development, Faculty of Management Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] Phone: +2347033751620

    Keywords

    Extraversion Agreeableness Managerial Performance
  • Author: Omosolape Olakitan Owoseni, Olabimpe Ajoke Olatunji & Toyosi Oguneko Volume: 7(4) 2019 Page: 676 - 687

    When work becomes employee’s greatest enemy: examining the roles of gender, employee cynicism and withdrawal intention behaviours

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

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    There is an increase rate of voluntary withdrawal among bank employees in Nigeria. This may be connected to the perceived job insecurity arising from the rate at which banks in Nigeria lay off their staff. Organisations seek to foster productive and satisfied employees; however, employees themselves voluntarily withdraw from their work for a variety of reasons. The most notable form of turnover is exhibited in withdrawal behaviors, which manifest in the workplace in the form of work absenteeism, employee turnover, lateness/tardiness and burnout. A survey research design was adopted using standardized questionnaires to elicit responses from 242 participants. Results showed that there was a significant positive relationship between cynicism and withdrawal intention [r(240) = .86, p < 0.01)]. The findings however, showed that there exists no significant difference in the withdrawal intention of males and females (t(240) = -1.03, p > .05). Organisations should embark on occasional surveys which will serve as feedback on the well-being of employees in order to facilitate a more conducive and healthier working environment.

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    Corresponding Author

    Omosolape Olakitan, Owoseni (PhD), Department of Psychology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +234 8163491265

    Keywords

    Bankers Cynicism Gender Withdrawal Intention