Journal: Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Archive - Volume(5)

  • Author: Owoseni Omosolape Olakitan and Shenge, Nyitor Alexander Volume: 5(1) 2017 Page: 487 - 505

    Dimensions of emotional intelligence, time constraints and gender as predictors of perceived satisfaction outcome of negotiation

    Corresponding Author

    Owoseni Omosolape Olakitan and Shenge, Nyitor Alexander

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Negotiation is an integral part of human existence and interpersonal relationships. Negotiation and its use in today’s work environment has been an area of increased interest in today’s work environment. The field of negotiation has large unexplored potential in determining the cognitive and psychological factors which can predict consistent and satisfying outcomes in negotiations. This study therefore investigated the dimensions of emotional intelligence time constraints and gender as predictors of satisfaction outcome of negotiators. A multivariate research design was adopted using four hundred and fifty participants who were selected purposively for this study. Two hypotheses were tested and analyzed using Pearson correlation and multiple regression statistical tools. Results showed that appraisal of emotions correlated positively with perceived satisfaction outcome (r= 0.888; p< .01). Also, regulation of emotion related negatively with perceived satisfaction outcome (r = -0.315; p< .01). Furthermore, utilization of emotion also related negatively with perceived satisfaction outcome (r = -0.256; p< .01). Likewise, time constraint correlated positively with perceived satisfaction outcome (r = 0.942; p< .01). Lastly, gender was not significantly related with perceived satisfaction outcome (r = -0.005; p>.01). Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended among others that managers should ensure that their recruitment and selection exercises are well channeled to employ individuals who possess high levels of emotional intelligence as employees who are able to appraise or express their emotions and that of others are able to perform satisfactorily in negotiations. Also, time was discovered as an important aspect of negotiation. Negotiators should therefore ensure that the negotiation process is done in an unconstrained time environment. This will enhance the quality of satisfaction of negotiations. In like manner, for high success to be recorded in negotiations, negotiators should desist from making gender biases and prejudices. The better negotiator should be allowed the freedom to negotiate irrespective of whether it is a male or female. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Owoseni Omosolape Olakitan, Department of Business Administration, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo. E-mail:[email protected], Phone: +234-81230-42645

    Keywords

    Satisfaction Negotiation Emotional Intelligence Time Constraints Gender
  • Author: Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley* & Ikuomola Adediran Daniel Volume: 5(2) 2017 Page: 506 - 510

    Appraisal of the impact of terrorism on food insecurity in a populous nigeria: what the future holds

    Corresponding Author

    Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley* & Ikuomola Adediran Daniel

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The preponderance of terrorists’ activities in recent times especially those exhibited by Niger Delta Militants and Boko Haram (BH) Insurgency have been responsible for the hardship faced by Nigeria citizens. Food security has been under threats since the emergence of series of attacks by these terrorist groups which also affect national development. Using a descriptive-analytical approach, this paper appraised the impact of terrorism on food insecurity in a populous Nigeria. The study suggested that activities of BH sect and Niger Delta militants have posed challenges to achievement of quality and quantity of food demand and flow of food across the states in Nigeria as a result of population displacement, death, non-cultivation of farmlands and the burning down of agricultural produce. There is need for the enthronement of good governance in which opportunities are created for the teaming population to have a source of living and poverty reduction to form a uniform response to the threats posed to food security and sustainable development by terrorist activities in Nigeria. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Imo Chukwuechefulam Kingsley, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. [email protected], Phone: +234-8069226978

    Keywords

    Terrorism Food Security Terrorism Population Nigeria
  • Author: Oba-Adenuga Olusegun Adeleke* & Oba-Adenuga Modupe Ayodele Volume: 5(3) 2017 Page: 516 - 522

    Effect of team work on organizational productivity of mrs oil nigeria plc, lagos, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Oba-Adenuga Olusegun Adeleke* & Oba-Adenuga Modupe Ayodele

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The study focused on the effect of teamwork on organizational productivity using a case study of MRS Oil Plc, Headquaters, Onikan, Lagos, Nigeria. The purposes of this study are to examine the effect of teamwork on organizational productivity, and also to assess the impact of gender equality in team formation on organizational productivity. The study adopted a survey designed method. The study made use of eighty (80) samples that were selected through simple random techniques among the staff of MRS Oil Plc, Headquaters, Onikan, Lagos State. A self-designed instrument titled “Teamwork and Productivity Inventory (TPI)” was used for the study. Four hypotheses raised for the study were stated and analysed using Pearson Moment Correlation Statistical tool. The result revealed that the presence of the high involvement of teamwork is positively related to organizational productivity; also, the result showed interpersonal relationship and team has significant relationship with organizational productivity. The result also showed that gender inequality in a team does encourage high organizational productivity. Finally, the result revealed that lack of training and development can hinder growth of organizational productivity. Based on the findings, it was recommended that it is important to develop a business environment where employees are well satisfied with their jobs and cooperative with each other in other to utilize their full potential in their jobs. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Oba-Adenuga Olusegun Adeleke, Department of Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria. E-mail:[email protected], Phone: +234-80338-79789

    Keywords

    Teamwork Productivity Interpersonal Relationship Gender Inequality Training And Development
  • Author: Pitan Oluyemisi, O. Volume: 5(4) 2017 Page: 523 - 531

    Knowledge management and leadership behaviour as predictors of engagement practices among academic staff in universities in ogun state

    Corresponding Author

    Pitan Oluyemisi, O.

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigates the predictive effects of knowledge management and leadership behaviour on engagement practices among academic staff in universities in Ogun State. Three hundred academic staff with a mean age 33.3 selected from six (6) universities through stratified and simple random sampling techniques participated in the study. Three instruments, Knowledge Management Processes Questionnaire (KMPQ), The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI), and The Job Engagement Scale (JES) were utilized in the study. The data collected were analyzed using multiple regressions (stepwise) and t-test statistics. Findings showed that the two predictor variables (knowledge management and leadership behaviour) combined and individually, predicted the criterion variable (engagement practices). Finding also indicated that critical life event was the most potent contributor to the prediction of engagement practices among academic staff. The results of this study provide policy makers in higher education with a framework to make universities more innovative and more capable of responding to the needs of the constantly changing environment.

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    Corresponding Author

    Pitan Oluyemisi, O, School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +234-80306-89935

    Keywords

    Knowledge Management Leadership Behaviour Engagement Practices Academic Staff
  • Author: Rosemary Ochanya Ogbodo Adoga Volume: 5(7) 2017 Page: 558 - 566

    Counselling strategies for modification of deviant behaviours among youths

    Corresponding Author

    Rosemary Ochanya Ogbodo Adoga

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Deviant behaviour among Nigeria youths is increasingly becoming worrisome due to its overbearing impact on family and the society. This paper is essentially anchored on this social crisis. In examining this issue, the researcher carefully identifies tendencies such as stealing, truancy, lateness, bully, fighting, lying, disobedience, insubordination, cultism, cheating, examination malpractice, indecent dressing, smoking & Alcohol consumption among others associated with deviant behaviour which may require certain counselling methods to change. The method which counsellors use to effect this behavioural change is called behavioural modification. Conclusion and recommendations are drawn from the discussion on factors and causes of deviant behaviours

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    Corresponding Author

    Rosemary Ochanya Ogbodo Adoga, National Open University of Nigeria. Email: [email protected] . Phone: +234-80331-58412

    Keywords

    Counselling Strategies Behaviours Modification Youths
  • Author: Ume, Eucharia Chibuzo Volume: 5(8) 2017 Page: 567 - 572

    Policy implementation and organisation performance of the nigerian immigration service

    Corresponding Author

    Ume, Eucharia Chibuzo

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The topic of this Research is policy Implementation and organizations performance in the Nigeria Immigration Service. The foundation which to build success in policy implementation were highlighted, which includes Resources, Planning and processes, leadership, Value-base leadership and technology. Using simple percentage to adopt and analyze the data collected through the use of questionnaire. The views of resource people were acknowledged and cross-sectional survey of 187 respondents of Nigeria Immigration service Lagos state were used. The data was collected, presented and analyzed descriptively. Three research hypotheses were formulated (drawn from, research questions) and tested. In hypothesis one and two, the Null hypothesis was accepted and the alternative hypotheses were rejected respectively, since calculated value did not exceed the 0-level correlation coefficient. In hypothesis three, the Null hypothesis was rejected and the alternate hypothesis was accepted, since r calculated value exceed the 0-level correlation co-efficient. The study investigated the policy and effect of its implementation and the findings revealed that the employees are not carried along in policy formulation and implementation. The conclusion drawn from the data collected shown that the policy implementations are not effective in the service and also not monitored. It was recommended that Resources should be put in place for effective policy implementation in the organization. However, the researcher suggests for further research studies on the topic.  

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    Corresponding Author

    Ume, Eucharia Chibuzo, National Open University of Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +234-80629-01089

    Keywords

    Policy Implementation Organization Performance
  • Author: Pitan Oluyemisi, O Volume: 5(9) 2017 Page: 573 - 580

    Exploration of cybercrime among some selected nigerian youths

    Corresponding Author

    Pitan Oluyemisi, O

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The proliferation of digital technology, and the convergence of computing and communication devices, has transformed the way in which we socialise and do business. While overwhelmingly positive, there has also been a dark side to these developments. Proving the maxim that crime follows opportunity, virtually every advance has been accompanied by a corresponding niche to be exploited for criminal purposes. The purpose of this study was to explain the trend of cybercrime among youths in South-west, Nigeria. The study adopted cross sectional survey design with a sample size of two thousand eight hundred and ninety-three (2893) randomly selected adolescents from South-West, Nigeria took part in the study. A self-developed instrument was used for collection of data. Upon consent, participants were asked to complete the “Intent Towards Internet Fraud Scale (ITIFS). Findings revealed that no significant gender difference in intent towards cybercrimes among the youths (t-cal. = 1.661 < t-crit. = 1.96, P < 0.05), while significant age difference (t-cal. = 8.083 > t-crit. = 1.96, P < 0.05). Also, the results further revealed that 27.1% of the variance in the intent to engaged in cybercrime among the youths was accounted for by level of education. It was concluded that gender, age, level of education are predictive factors for cybercrime among youths, while both formal and informal education should be used as a tool to guide the youths aright.   

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    Corresponding Author

    Pitan Oluyemisi, O, School of Education, National Open University of Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +234-80306-89935

    Keywords

    Cybercrime Youths Nigeria
  • Author: Saheed Abiola SAKA Volume: 5(6) 2017 Page: 545 - 557

    Do perceived social support and health perception facilitate better psychological wellbeing among road safety personnel?

    Corresponding Author

    Saheed Abiola SAKA

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Previous research has shown that perceived social support facilitates individuals’ psychological wellbeing. However, less is known about how perceived social support and health perception shape the psychological wellbeing of Federal Road Safety personnel in Nigeria. Therefore, the current research explores the influence of perceived social support and health perception on psychological wellbeing among a sample of Federal Road Safety personnel in Osun State sector command and its component units. Participants were 268 (203 (75.7%) men and 65 (24.3%) women. These participants completed measures of social support, health perception and psychological well-being, in addition to some demographic variables.  Data were analyzed using multiple regression statistical analysis. Perceived social support and health perception jointly predicted psychological wellbeing F(2, 222) = 9.435; R2 =.08, p <.01); by accounting for about 8% variation in psychological well-being of participants. The results further shows that perceived social support (β = .26; t = 4.008, p <.01) independently predicted psychological wellbeing of Federal Road Safety personnel. However, health perception (β = .07, t = 1.060, p >.05) did not significantly independently predict their psychological wellbeing. Conclusively, psychological well-being among Federal Road Safety personnel is a function of perception of presence of social support. It is recommended that the management of Federal Road Safety Corps should enhanced the welfare of his personnel and give appropriate support to them in order to improve their psychological wellbeing, be more efficient on the job and live a full fulfilled life.  

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    Corresponding Author

    Saheed Abiola SAKA, Department of Psychology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun state, Nigeria, Email: [email protected] Phone: +234-80355-29911

    Keywords

    Psychological Wellbeing Perceived Social Support Health Perception Road Safety