Journal: Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Archive - Volume(3)

  • Author: Salisu Umar, O. D. Y. Malachy, Bello Sabo , & Aisha I. Mohammed Volume: 3(1) 2015 Page: 272 - 284

    Influence of psychological contract on turnover intention of employees in nigerian deposit money banks

    Corresponding Author

    Salisu Umar, O. D. Y. Malachy, Bello Sabo , & Aisha I. Mohammed

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The psychological contract is an important area of study to human resource 

    researchers and practitioners. Increasing recognition of the importance of human 

    resources in enhancing organizational performance, coupled with wider concerns 

    about reputation and competitions have made the issues of psychological 

    contract of relevance to researchers and those managing organisations. This 

    study is a response to the call for more study in the developing countries and 

    non-western culturally based societies. Employees’ turnover is now a cardinal 

    issue in Nigerian banking industry. Employee turnover intention is greater than 

    normal in banks and therefore serves as a key threat to the existence of most 

    banks. It is posited that psychological contract influence employee intention to 

    leave an organization. The study aimed to investigate the direct influence of 

    psychological contract on turnover intention. Cross sectional survey method was 

    used in collecting data from 530 samples. Regression analysis was conducted to 

    test the hypotheses (based on confirmatory factor analysis). The findings 

    revealed that balanced psychological contract have more negative significant 

    influence on employee turnover intention in the Nigerian banking industry than 

    other dimensions of psychological contract. Therefore, it is recommended that 

    managers should align the perceptions of employees toward making them to 

    perceive the banking environment as a good platform for career progression.

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    Corresponding Author

    Dr. Salisu Umar, Department of Business Administration, ABU Zaria. [email protected]

    Keywords

    Turnover Intention Psychological Contract Relational Transactional Balanced
  • Author: Abdulganiyu Olatunji , Ola Rilwan Sakariyahu , Sunday Joseph Akor, & Abiodun Ismaeel Badmus Volume: 3(2) 2015 Page: 285 - 300

    Nature of employment and work behaviour of bank employees

    Corresponding Author

    Abdulganiyu Olatunji , Ola Rilwan Sakariyahu , Sunday Joseph Akor, & Abiodun Ismaeel Badmus

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This paper examines if significant difference exists in the work behaviour of employees 

    based on nature of employment (permanent or temporary). Survey method was used to 

    conduct the study and the study respondents were employees of Guaranty Trust Bank in 

    Ilorin metropolis, a judgmental sampling technique was used to select 107 employees; 

    questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. 98 copies of 

    questionnaire were returned and only 90 copies were found to be useful for analysis. 

    Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyse the data after it was found that the distribution 

    of the sample data was deviating from normal based on the Shapiro-Wick result. Two 

    hypotheses were tested to achieve the study objectives. The two hypotheses show that 

    significant differences existed in the work commitment level and labour turnover 

    intentions of employees due to the differences in their nature of employment. The results 

    showed that, comparatively, job commitment level of individuals on temporary nature of 

    appointment was lower than those on permanent appointment. Employees on temporary 

    nature of appointment had a higher tendency of leaving the organization compared with 

    those on permanent nature of appointment. Based on the above, the study concluded that 

    temporary nature of appointment had negative effects on work behaviours of bank 

    employees. The study thus recommended that utilization of temporary nature of 

    appointment should be discouraged in order to reduce labour turnover prospect and 

    improve the commitment level of all and sundry in the organisation.

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    Corresponding Author

    Olatunji Abudulganiyu (PhD), Department of Sociology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. email: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Employment Relations Casualisation Nature Of Employment Work Behaviour Commitment Labour Turnover
  • Author: Mary Banke Iyabo Omoniyi Volume: 3(3) 2015 Page: 301 - 309

    Relationship of parental involvement with learners’ interest and academic self – efficacy of senior secondary school students

    Corresponding Author

    Mary Banke Iyabo Omoniyi

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The descriptive survey research design was adopted to investigate the 

    relationship of parental involvement with academic self-efficacy and interest 

    among senior secondary school students. The simple random sampling technique 

    was used to select the one hundred and twenty seven (127) secondary school 

    students for the study. A self-constructed questionnaire was the instrument of 

    data collection. The results indicated that there was no significant relationship 

    between parental involvement and academic self-efficacy. Similarly, learners’ 

    interest was not significantly related with parental level of education. However, 

    there was a significant positive relationship between parental involvement and 

    learners’ interest. The study further indicated a significant relationship between 

    parental level of education and academic self-efficacy. The need for all parents, 

    irrespective of their educational background, to be involved in the school life of 

    their wards was emphasized.

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    Corresponding Author

    Mary Banke Iyabo Omoniyi (Ph. D), Department of Guidance & Counselling Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. Phone: +2348034732226, E-Mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Parental Involvement Academic Self-efficacy Learners’ Interes
  • Author: Adebayo David Oluwole Volume: 3(4) 2015 Page: 310 - 329

    Effectiveness of dialectical behaviour and acceptancecommitment therapies in enhancing social competence of spiritually-abused adolescents in ibadan metropolis, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Adebayo David Oluwole

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    In Nigeria, despite massive religious involvement, the problem of most adolescents in recent times is that 

    they lack social competence due to psychological inhibition such as spiritual abuse. Thus, this study utilised 

    both Dialectical Behaviour and Acceptance- Commitment Therapies in improving social competence of 

    adolescents who are victims of spiritual abuse. The research adopted a pre-test, post-test and control group 

    quasi-experimental design with a 3x3x2 factorial design. Results showed that Dialectical Behaviour and 

    Acceptance-Commitment Therapies had significant main effects on the social competence of the spiritually 

    abused adolescents. Also, Acceptance-Commitment Therapy was the most effective method in enhancing 

    social competence of spiritually abused adolescents when compared with the Dialectical Behaviour 

    Therapy (M= 382.39, SD = 8.24) and the control group (M= 342.91, SD = 9.44) respectively. Spiritual 

    abuse has no significant effect on participants social competence. This means that there is no significant 

    main effect of spiritual abuse on social competence of the participants. Further, there was no significant 

    main effect of gender on social competence. This means that there was no gender difference in social 

    competence. It is recommended that therapists working should employ both techniques in improving social 

    competence skills among adolescents particularly those with spiritual abuse.

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    Corresponding Author

    Adebayo David Oluwole, Department of Guidance & Counselling, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Phone: +2348034105253. E-mail:[email protected]

    Keywords

    Social Competence Dialectical Behavior Therapy Acceptance- Commitment Therapy Spiritually-abused Adolescents Nigeria
  • Author: Agesin Bamikole E Volume: 3(5) 2015 Page: 330 - 343

    Roles of locus of control and perceived organisational climate in occupational burnout among federal road safety personnel in ondo state

    Corresponding Author

    Agesin Bamikole E

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the extent to which locus of control and organizational 

    climate predicts occupational burnout among federal road safety workers. A subsample of 276 Federal Road Safety Commission personnel in Ondo State, 

    Nigeria participated in the study. They comprised of 150 men and 126 women. 

    Their ages ranged from 21 to 53 years with a mean of 34.97 years and SD 7.1). 

    Data on locus of control, perceived organizational climate and occupational 

    burnout were collected using structured questionnaire. Three hypotheses were 

    tested using the linear multiple regressions. Results showed that locus of control 

    perceived and organizational climate led to reduced occupational burnout. The 

    findings suggested that, in order to reduce occupational burnout among 

    employee of the Federal Road Safety Commission, appropriate training an d 

    development workshops on handling burnout should be regularly organized .

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    Corresponding Author

    Agesin Bamikole E, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. Phone: +2348034947364, E-mail:[email protected]

    Keywords

    Occupational Burnout Locus Of Control Perceived Organizational Climate Road Safety Personnel
  • Author: Olusegun Adeleke Oba-Adenuga Volume: 3(6) 2015 Page: 344 -350

    Electronic recruitment and human resources management of a nigerian bank

    Corresponding Author

    Olusegun Adeleke Oba-Adenuga

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined the relationship between electronic recruitment and human 

    resource management in a Nigerian Bank. It is also evaluated whether electronic 

    recruitment mechanism has enhanced human resource management, staffing 

    goals and objectives. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. One 

    hundred participants were randomly selected for the study. The study made use 

    of a self-designed questionnaire titled recruitment and human resources 

    management as instrument of data collection. Two hypotheses were stated and 

    analysed using Pearson Moment Correlation. The results of the study revealed 

    that electronic recruitment mechanism was significantly related with human 

    resources management (staffing goals and objectives). Also, the result revealed 

    that there was a significance relationship between human resources management 

    and employees’ performance and competence. Based on the findings, it was 

    recommended that financial institutions should imbibe e-recruitment as part of 

    the operational component of their human resource strategies.

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    Corresponding Author

    Olusegun Adeleke Oba-Adenuga (PhD), School of Management Sciences, National Open University, Victoria Island, Lagos Nigeria. Phone: +2348033879789 or +2348023440926. E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    E-recruitment Human Resources Management Bank Nigeria
  • Author: Kehinde Charles Akinwarere Volume: 3(7) 2015 Page: 351 - 357

    The predicting roles of psychosocial factors in school adjustment among in-school adolescents

    Corresponding Author

    Kehinde Charles Akinwarere

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The study investigated psycho-social factors (family background, parents’ socioeconomic status, and self-concept) in school adjustment among in-school 

    adolescents’. Two hundred senior secondary school students participated in this 

    study. The results showed that there was a significant influence of peer group on 

    in school adjustment among in-school adolescents. There was no significant 

    difference between male and female secondary school students on school 

    adjustment. Finally, there was a significant relationship between self-concept and 

    school adjustment among in-school adolescents. Consequent upon these 

    findings, peer group and development of self-concept is to maintain if not verify 

    one’s existing view of oneself, to see oneself accurately, and to maintain a 

    positive image of oneself of school adjustment of in-school adolescents. On the 

    basis of these findings, it was recommended that in order to impact positive 

    development of self-concepts in students, the parents, teachers and counsellors 

    should provide the students adequate orientation towards the development of 

    positive self-concept and self-confidence.

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    Corresponding Author

    Kehinde Charles Akinwarere, Department of Guidance and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State. Phone: +2348066738452. E-mail:[email protected]

    Keywords

    Adolescent Adjustment Peer-group Self–concept In-school Adolescent
  • Author: Oteri Isaiah Volume: 3(8) 2015 Page: 358 - 365

    Gender differences in quality of life among some selected students in nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Oteri Isaiah

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated gender differences in quality of life among 150 

    (male = 75 and female = 75) selected students from a state polytechnic in 

    Nigeria. Their ages ranged from 19 to 34 years with a mean age of 28.2 

    years. Data on quality of life and some demographic variables were 

    collected using structured questionnaire. Results indicated no significant 

    gender differences in quality of life among the respondents. This 

    suggested that both male students had comparable levels of quality of 

    life. The findings were discussed in the context of the existing literature, 

    and suggestions were offered on how to enhance the quality of life of 

    students.

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    Corresponding Author

    Oteri Isaiah, Psychology Unit, Department of Arts & Humanities, Delta State Polytechnic, Nigeria. Phone: +2348034441392, [email protected]

    Keywords

    Quality Of Life Gender Undergraduates University