Journal: Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Archive - Year of Publication (2020)

  • Author: Abiodun Musbau Lawal & Ezekiel Adeyemi Odedokun Volume: 8(1) 2020 Page: 730 - 740

    The predictive value of length of service, role burden and alcohol use on subjective happiness among university staff

    Corresponding Author

    Abiodun Musbau Lawal & Ezekiel Adeyemi Odedokun

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Employee subjective happiness at various organisations has continued to receive research attention in recent times. Perhaps, this might be linked to the idea of enhancing the overall employee efficiency and organisational effectiveness. In view of this, we examined the independent and joint predictive values of length of service, role burden and alcohol use on subjective happiness among staff in a Nigerian University. This study adopted a cross sectional design and conveniently sampled 255 (134 males; 121 females) teaching and non-teaching staff of ages between 20 and 57 years (M= 36.45, SD= 7.02) in Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti state, Nigeria. The participants responded to a questionnaire comprising demographic characteristics and reliable scales measuring role overload (burden), alcohol use and subjective happiness. Results of a three-model hierarchical multiple regression showed that independently, University staff with longer length of service reported higher levels of subjective happiness and those with less role burden reported higher level of subjective happiness. However, no direct associations were observed between alcohol use and gender on level of subjective happiness. Length of service, role burden and alcohol use jointly predicted subjective happiness with a remarkable 43% (R 2 =.43) variation of subjective happiness; and role burden recorded highest and substantial contribution. In conclusion, University staff with longer service and those with less job-related roles are more delightful at work. We recommend stress management training coupled with discouragement on the use of alcohol as a coping method for all University staff irrespective of their gender. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Abiodun Musbau Lawal (PhD), Department of Psychology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +234 8037213058

    Keywords

    Alcohol Use Happiness Role Burden University Staff Nigeria
  • Author: Deborah Oluwafunmilola Tobih & James Enajero Tobih Volume: 8(2) 2020 Page: 741 - 755

    Evaluation of gendered spaces and gender bias in the choice of leaders in nigerian universities

    Corresponding Author

    Deborah Oluwafunmilola Tobih & James Enajero Tobih

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Discriminations and gender bias have become a global concern. Tertiary Institutions of learning have become sites where gender bias and gender spaces are well pronounced especially in the in the choice of leaders. In this study, descriptive survey research type of non-experimental design was adopted. A total of 403 (192 males, 201 female and 10 who did not indicate their sex) employees from four Nigerian Universities participated in the study. Their ages ranged from 16yrs to 60 years and above. The participants had a mean age of 37.54yrs and standard deviation of 14.45yrs. Two research questions and two hypotheses were postulated and tested using frequency count, percentages, mean and standard deviations and t-test. Results revealed a significant difference in the treatment of workers based on their gender particularly in remuneration/wages (t =2.71, df =391, p < 0.05), training and development (t =2.39, df =391, p < 0.05), sabbatical opportunity (t =2.30, df =388, p < 0.05). The study concludes that factors such as, skill, ability, job requirement, educational qualification, and gender were important factors for choice of leaders in Nigerian universities. It is, therefore, recommended that concerted efforts should be made to create awareness and re-orientate the young ones on the issue of gender equity in all spheres of life starting from cradle to adulthood.

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    Corresponding Author

    James Enajero Tobih (PhD), Department of Othorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria. E-mail:[email protected]; Phone: +234 8033857703

    Keywords

    Gender Gender Bias Workplace Leaders University
  • Author: Olumide Ayeniyo Volume: 8(3) 2020 Page: 756 - 762

    Assessment of workers’ participation in decision making and commitment to organizational performance in a second generation bank in lagos

    Corresponding Author

    Olumide Ayeniyo

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined the relationship between employees’ participation in decision making process and their commitment in the Nigerian Banking sector. This was with a view to unveiling the causal relations between levels of involvement in decision making and their commitment to duties. To achieve these objectives, about 35% of the total population (216) of the Head Office staff of the bank was sampled; mostly on the middle level cadre. In all, about 75 sets of questionnaires were obtained and analyzed. The data collected were analyzed using regression analysis. Results showed that employees’ participation (t = 7.75; p ≤ 0.01) had positive and significant influence on workers’ commitment to organizational performance. It is therefore, concluded that workers’ involvement in decision motivates job performance. It is thus recommended that workers in organizations should be encouraged to participate in decision as a way of motivation in order to ensure better performance of individual employees. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Olumide Ayeniyo, Department of Business Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +2348034363635

    Keywords

    Employees’ Participation Decision Making Process Workers’ Commitment Organizational Performance.
  • Author: Kassim Olusanmi Ajayi , Jimoh Wole Owoyele , & Seyifunmi Oluwabukola Ogunkoya Volume: 8(4) 2020 Page: 763 - 773

    Teacher factors as predictors of students’ academic achievement in economics in ogun state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Kassim Olusanmi Ajayi , Jimoh Wole Owoyele , & Seyifunmi Oluwabukola Ogunkoya

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Economics is one of the social science subjects in Nigeria. Hence, students are expected to pass the subject for them to be admitted into the faculties of the Social Sciences and Administration in Nigerian universities. However, the achievement of secondary students in Economics has not been encouraging, especially in Ogun State, Nigeria. Therefore, this study examined teacher-related factors as predictors of students’ academic achievement in Economics in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey design. Six hundred students and forty teachers were selected from two local government areas in Ogun State using simple random sampling and proportionate sampling techniques. The Economics students responded to Students’ Perceived Teacher Factors Questionnaire; (r=0.81) and Economics Achievement Test, (r=0.84) while Economics teachers responded to teachers’ demographic bio-data. Two research hypotheses were tested and analysed using multiple regression analysis. Result revealed that teachers’ qualification (0.14), competence (0.92) and experience (0.14) independently and jointly contributed significantly to students’ academic achievement in Economics (R2 = 0.77, F = 46.78, p< 0.05). Based on the findings, it was recommended that government and other education service providers may improve students’ academic achievement in Economics by employing teachers with high qualification, competence and experience. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Kassim Olusanmi Ajayi (PhD), Department of Counselling Psychology and Educational Foundations, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]; Phone: +2348130943933.

    Keywords

    Teachers Qualification Teachers Competence Teacher Experience Academic Achievement In Economics
  • Author: Oyenike Mary Eludoyin & Kehinde Owolabi Volume: 8(5) 2020 Page: 774 - 785

    Solute loads in a waste-prone stream and their environmental implications

    Corresponding Author

    Oyenike Mary Eludoyin & Kehinde Owolabi

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Water is an important component of human life, and a major focus in the Sustainable Development Goals. Dissolved solids and conductivity, otherwise known as solute loads, are key and complementary parameters of water quality. Their presence in water at a particular magnitude portend ecological and health implications to the environment. The present study examined the spatial and temporal variations in dissolved solids and conductivity values in a waste-prone stream within a university campus in Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to determine the concentrations of dissolved and conductivity and their relationship in the stream. Values of conductivity, and total dissolved solids (TDS) were obtained at seven locations along the stream, at a weekly interval, using a calibrated handheld TDS /conductivity meter. Results showed that the conductivity and TDS exceeded recommended limits for domestic water use, and that fetching the stream water for domestic use may foretell health challenges if untreated. The study concluded that people who drink untreated stream water are vulnerable to dangers of water contamination in many areas in the region.

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    Corresponding Author

    Oyenike Mary Eludoyin (Ph.D), Department of Geography and Planning Sciences Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected], Phone : +2348037775506

    Keywords

    Dissolved Solids Water Chemistry Conductivity Stream Systems
  • Author: Adeboye I. Elumaro Volume: 8(7) 2020 Page: 797 - 806

    Developing self-reliance through sport participation: a review

    Corresponding Author

    Adeboye I. Elumaro

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Sport participation is an essential component of social life for its role in helping children and the youth to develop skills and abilities to function effectively in society. Sustained participation in sport can also aid the development of personal characteristics that would enhance the level of self-reliance among people. Self-reliance is a key characteristic people must develop to attain their life aspirations. This paper presents a review of existing literature to highlight the importance of sport participation in helping children and the youth cultivate personal characteristics necessary for the development of self-reliance. Five sport related databases were searched for studies relevant to the review. Exploration of the extant literature suggests that goal setting, self-confidence, mental toughness and grittiness are peculiar characteristics and behaviours that can be developed, nurtured and deployed through sport participation to enhance self-reliance among young people. It was recommended that children and young people be encouraged to engage in sustained participation in sport in order to develop these characteristics.

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    Corresponding Author

    Adeboye I. Elumaro (PhD), Department of Hunan Kinetics and Health Education, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected],, Phone: +2347038192021

    Keywords

    Self-reliance Sport Development Personal Characteristics Behaviours
  • Author: Zaccheaus Olufunminiyi Olonade Volume: 8(8) 2020 Page: 807 - 816

    Relationship between openness to experience, conscientiousness, neuroticism and managerial performance in national population commission, lagos state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Zaccheaus Olufunminiyi Olonade

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The success or otherwise of organizations is highly influenced by the efficiency and effectiveness of managers, who will directly supervise the employees productivity. To be efficient and effective, it is believed that the personality of individuals is crucial. This study, therefore, examines the relationship between openness to experience, conscientiousness, neuroticism and managerial performance in the National Population Commission Lagos State. Descriptive research design was used and data was collected through self-administered questionnaires. A total of 101 respondents were selected for the study using stratified sampling technique. The instruments used were the Big Five Inventory (BFI) the Managerial Performance Scale (MPS). Three hypotheses were postulated and tested using multiple regression analyses. Results showed that both openness to experience and conscientiousness significantly positively predicted managerial performance, while neuroticism did not. Based on the findings, the study recommends that management and senior staff of organizations should be exposed to training programmes that will enhance their personality traits, as this will positively contribute to their effectiveness and efficiency at work. It is believed that this will improve their behavioural patterns, interpersonal relationships and facilitate effective and efficient discharge of duties and responsibilities, and enhancing their managerial performance. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Zaccheaus O. Olonade (PhD), Department of Human Resources Development, Faculty of Management Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria. E-mail: , [email protected], [email protected] , Phone: +2347033751620

    Keywords

    Openness To Experience Conscientiousness Neuroticism And Managerial Performance.
  • Author: Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu & Abimbola Adebimpe Allen Volume: 8(9) 2020 Page: 817 - 825

    Gendered violence: vulnerability of female secondary school students to sexual abuse

    Corresponding Author

    Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu & Abimbola Adebimpe Allen

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The study investigated girls’ vulnerability to sexual violence among public secondary school students in Akoko South-West Local Government Area (LGA) of Ondo State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A total of two hundred (200) students within the age range of nine to twenty (9-20) years were selected from four (4) secondary schools out of the fifteen in the LGA for the study, through a purposive sampling technique. Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Data collected were analyzed using chi-square statistics. Findings of the study showed that there was a significant relationship between male sexual exploitation and girls’ vulnerability to sexual abuse, with r-cal of 0.68 at 0.05 level of significance. Findings further revealed that there was no significant relationship between girls, aged nine to twenty (9-20) and their vulnerability to sexual abuse, with r-cal of 0.13 at 0.05 level of significance. Based on the findings, girls were advised to be committed to their studies, and live within their means so as not to fall victims of sexual exploitation. It was further recommended that girls, no matter their ages, should avoid being alone with members of the opposite sex; especially, senior boys and male teachers, when other students must have left for home or their hostels. Girls should be encouraged to speak up, report to the school authority and their parents in case they are sexually abused so that appropriate actions would be taken against perpetrators. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu (Ph.D), Department of Guidance & Counselling, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001, Ondo State, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected], Phone : +2348064737149

    Keywords

    Gendered-violence Vulnerability Girls Sexual Abuse.