Journal: Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Archive - Year of Publication (2018)

  • Author: Agesin Bamikole. E Volume: 6(1) 2018 Page: 581 - 594

    Psychosocial predictors of suicidal ideation among inmates of two prisons in a south-western state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Agesin Bamikole. E

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Few empirical studies exist on the association of resilience and gender with suicidal ideation among prison inmates in Nigeria. Therefore, this study investigated resilience and gender as predictors of suicidal ideation among prison inmates in a South-Western State in Nigeria. One hundred and eighty (180) inmates (103 men and 77 women) were selected from two prisons using purposive and accidental sampling techniques. Resilience was measured using Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS) and Suicidal Ideation was measured using the Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation (MSSI). Two hypotheses were formulated and tested using simple linear regressions analysis, and t-test. Resilience significantly predicted suicidal ideation (β = -.43 p < 0.01). Result also revealed that gender had a significant difference on suicidal ideation among inmates [t (248) = -5.50; p<0.05]. Based on these findings, it was recommended that prison management needs to attend to the suicide ideation of inmates and possible related factors by organizing training that will foster resilience with the intention of preventing suicidal ideation among inmates bearing in mind their gender differences.

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    Corresponding Author

    Agesin Bamikole. E, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], Phone: 08034947364

    Keywords

    Resilience Suicidal Ideation Gender Prison Inmates
  • Author: Aderonke A. Akintola Volume: 6(2) 2018 Page: 595 - 605

    Self-regulated learning, moral competence and selfesteem as predictors of examination malpractices among undergraduates in ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Aderonke A. Akintola

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined the influence of self-regulated learning, moral competence, self-esteem and some demographic factors (gender and academic level) on self-reported examination malpractices among undergraduates. Survey research method was employed. Using convenient sampling technique, participants, 119 males (43.3%) and 156 female (56.7%) were selected from two universities in Ondo State. They completed self-report measures on self-regulated learning, moral competence, self-esteem and examination malpractices. The hypothesis tested using simple linear multiple regression. The results showed independent significant influence of self-esteem (β= -.15, p<.05) and gender (β= .19, p < .01) on examination malpractices. Further results showed that self-regulated learning, moral competence, self-esteem, gender and academic level contributed jointly to examination malpractices [R = .24, R2= -06, F (5, 269) = 3.37, p>.05]. They accounted for 6% variance in examination malpractices. Based on these findings, it is recommended that counseling services which promote self-esteem and help orientate on examination malpractices be made available to students in tertiary institutions in Ondo state to curb this menace. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Aderonke A. AKINTOLA, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348033879244

    Keywords

    Self-regulated Learning Moral Competence Self-esteem Examination Malpractices.
  • Author: Kamal Adewole Odunjo-Saka, Saheed Abiola Saka, & Abiodun Musbau Lawa Volume: 6(3) 2018 Page: 606 - 615

    Gender difference and peer pressure in conformity of a sample of adolescents in senior secondary school

    Corresponding Author

    Kamal Adewole Odunjo-Saka, Saheed Abiola Saka, & Abiodun Musbau Lawa

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined the effect of gender and peer pressure on conformity among randomly 60 (30 males & 30 females) students in senior secondary school. A 2 by 2 factorial experimental design. Their ages range between 12 to 17 years. Data collected were analyzed using two-way Analysis of Variance. Results revealed that gender had no significant main effect on conformity among participants, F(1, 36) = 3.675, p > .05}. Similarly, peer pressure had no significant main effect on conformity of participants, F(1, 36) = 0.800, p > .05). Both gender and peer pressure had no significant joint effect on conformity of participants, F(1, 36) = 1.323, p > .0). It is concluded that gender and peer pressure are not significant determinants of conformity among students in this study. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Kamal Adewole ODUNJO-SAKA, Department of Psychology, Federal University Oye - Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], Phone: 08074020492

    Keywords

    Gender Peer Pressure Conformity Compliance Obedience And Adolescent
  • Author: Fatoye Helen Ajibike, Bakare MisturaAdebisi, & Oyeleke Ajiboye Isaac Volume: 6(4) 2018 Page: 616 - 623

    Family support and jail duration as correlates of recidivism among prison inmates of agodi prison in nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Fatoye Helen Ajibike, Bakare MisturaAdebisi, & Oyeleke Ajiboye Isaac

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Re-offending is one of the major problems with ex- convicts and researches have been conducted to ascertain causes of re-offending among ex -offenders. Evidence is still needed on the influence of family support and jail duration on reoffending among ex prison inmates in Nigeria. The sample for this study is 200 (Two hundred) respondents who were purposively selected in a cross sectional survey among other inmates at Agodi prison. Results reveal that there is a significant inverse relationship between family support and criminal intent (r = -.32, p<.01), family support, family relationship quality and partner support jointly predicted criminal intent (R2 = 0.13, F (3,245) = 11.79, p < .01). The results further reveal that there is significant effect of length of sentence on criminal intent (F (3,246) = 6.57, p<.001), inmates with awaiting trial (short sentence) reported high criminal intent than awaiting trial. It was concluded that family support and jail duration influence re-offending among inmates and necessary recommendations were made. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Oyeleke Ajiboye Isaac, Department of Social Work, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected],[email protected] .edu.ng, Phone: 080666690282

    Keywords

    Inmates Re-offending Prison Jail Duration And Family Support
  • Author: Aderonke A. Akintola Volume: 6(5) 2018 Page: 624 - 634

    Life orientation, personality traits and self-esteem as predictors of subjective happiness among nigerian undergraduates

    Corresponding Author

    Aderonke A. Akintola

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Happiness doesn't have a specific definition because how individuals experience it differs. Happiness is a sense of wellbeing, joy or contentment and it's one of the most sought after disposition in human life. There has been growing concern over the low level of subjective happiness experienced by Nigerian undergraduates. Few research efforts have been devoted to how life orientation, personality traits and selfesteem predict subjective happiness among these undergraduates. This study therefore explored the prediction of subjective happiness among Nigerian undergraduates by these variables. An expo-facto research design was adopted. Accidental sampling technique was used to select total sample of 247 (male=107 and female=140) undergraduates from two universities in Ondo state whose ages range from 15-28 (Mean=20.22, SD=2.69). Self-report measures of life orientation, Big-five personality traits, self-esteem and subjective happiness were responded to. One hypothesis was generated and tested using Hierarchal Regression and Independent t-test. The Hierarchal regression analysis revealed that life orientation, personality traits (extraversion), and self-esteem significantly predicted Nigerian undergraduates’ subjective happiness (β = .17p< .05), (β = .16p<.05) and (β = -.17p<.05) respectively. Similarly, Gender significantly predicted subjective happiness among the undergraduates (β = -.17p<.05) with the male experiencing higher subjective happiness. All variables of study accounted for 10% variance of subjective happiness. Based on these findings, it is recommended that Government, institutions and individuals should encourage Nigerian undergraduates by giving scholarships, assisting the less privileged, organize programs that bolster self-esteem and also screen for personality factors that could predispose the students to psychological challenges in the course of study. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Aderonke A. AKINTOLA, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348033879244

    Keywords

    Life Orientation Personality Traits Self-esteem Subjective Happiness
  • Author: Olumide Ayeniyo Volume: 6(6) 2018 Page: 635 - 645

    Relationship between group cohesiveness and financial performance in guaranty trust bank nigeria plc

    Corresponding Author

    Olumide Ayeniyo

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    The study expanded knowledge base and to empirically establish the relationship between the components of organizational culture and financial performance. Both primary and secondary data sources were explored for the study. The primary data were collected through the administration of a questionnaire to purposively selected 100 low and middle level management staff of the GTbank Nigeria PLC at Lagos Headquarters and two branches within Lagos State. The secondary data were obtained from the bank’s audited accounts for 2014 and 2015 accounting years. The primary data were subjected to both descriptive statistics, such as mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics; chi-square (χ2 ) statistics which was used to establish the relationship between organizational culture and improved financial performance. The results revealed a strong relationship between organizational culture and group cohesiveness. This relationship was found to have influenced improved current ratio of the bank, which rose from 1.18 in 2014, to 1.19 in 2015, representing 1% improvement during the period under review. Also, the profitability ratio recorded 67.7% in 2014 but got slightly reduced to 67.3% in 2015; indicating 2% reduction. GTbank was equally recognized by customers as a financial institution of first choice, because of its high quality organizational culture with mean score of 4.86 and standard deviation of 0.73. Results also revealed that the existing organizational culture makes assigned duties to be irresistible to workers (χ2 = 9.64; P≤ 0.05). From the findings, it was obvious that organizational culture contributes to improved workers’ performance which in turn was responsible for the improved performance of the bank. It was concluded that high quality organizational culture is capable of enhancing workers’ performance and ensuring improved financial performance. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Olumide Ayeniyo, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Social & Management Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +234(0)8034363635

    Keywords

    Organizational Culture Improved Workers’ Performance And Financial Performance