Journal: Nigerian Journal of Applied Behavioural Sciences

Archive - Year of Publication (2014)

  • Author: Anthony G. Balogun Volume: 2(1) 2014 Page: 115-125

    Personality characteristics and willingness to share tacit knowledge: is there a connection?

    Corresponding Author

    Anthony G. Balogun

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    There is dearth of research on the connection between personality characteristics (altruism and self-efficacy) and willingness to share tacit knowledge particularly in Nigeria. This study, therefore, attempted to bridged this gap by exploring the impact of altruism and self-efficacy on willingness to share tacit knowledge in a sample of 325 health workers (nurses = 239; doctors = 86). Participants’ ages ranged from 20 to 56 years (Mage = 34.33; SD = 7.92). Results of the 3 x 3 ANOVA and LSD pairwise comparison test revealed that employees with high level of altruism reported high willingness to share tacit knowledge compared with those with moderate or low level of altruism. Similarly, employees with high sense of self-efficacy were willing to share tacit knowledge compared with their counterparts who had moderate or low sense of self-efficacy. These findings inform the need for organizational managers to design psychological interventions that may enhance employees’ levels of altruism and selfefficacy

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    Corresponding Author

    Anthony G. Balogun, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348032960406.

    Keywords

    Altruism Health Workers Self-efficacy Tacit Knowledge
  • Author: Stella A. Olowodunoye Volume: 2(2) 2014 Page: 126-136

    Roles of type of organization and organizational culture on employees’ level of creativity

    Corresponding Author

    Stella A. Olowodunoye

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined the role of type of organization and organizational culture on creativity among employees. Three hundred employees (179 males; 121 females) between the ages of 18 and 63 years (Mage = 36.02; SD = 9.62) participated in the study. They responded to measures of organizational culture and creativity. Results revealed that employees in public sector organizations tended to be more creative than those in private sector organizations. Organizational culture significantly predicted creativity such that employees in a more friendly organizational culture tended to be more creative than those in less friendly organizational culture. The implications of these findings for theory and practice were discussed. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Stella A. Olowodunoye, Department of Pure &Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348059227041.

    Keywords

    Organizational Culture Creativity Public Sector Employees
  • Author: Benjamin Olabimitan & Waheed M. Alausa Volume: 2(3) 2014 Page: 137-152

    Psychological factors predicting workplace deviance behaviour among nurses in the public health sector in lagos

    Corresponding Author

    Benjamin Olabimitan & Waheed M. Alausa

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined the extent to which work locus of control and perceived organizational justice predict workplace deviant behaviour. Participants were 300 nurses (Male = 123; female = 177) randomly selected from public hospitals in 3 local government areas in Lagos. Their ages ranged between 21-58 years (Mage = 36.5; SD = 9.32). They responded to measures of work locus of control, perceived procedural and distributive justice, and workplace deviance behaviour. Results of the multiple regression showed that work locus of control significantly predicted workplace deviant behaviour in such a way that employees who were susceptible to external locus of control tended to exhibit workplace deviant behaviour than those who displayed internal locus of control. Workplace deviant behaviour reduced with employees’ perception of organizational justice. Male nurses manifested higher deviant behaviour than their female counterparts. The policy and practice implications of these results were highlighted.

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    Corresponding Author

    Benjamin Olabimitan, Department of Psychology, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] or [email protected]

    Keywords

    Locus Of Control Justice Deviance Nurses Public Health Lagos.
  • Author: Olukayode A. Afolabi Volume: 2(4) 2014 Page: 153-165

    Do personality and gender have effects on marital satisfaction and mentoring relationships among nigerian nurses?

    Corresponding Author

    Olukayode A. Afolabi

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the influence of personality and gender on marital satisfaction and mentoring relationships among Nigerian nurses. The participants were 100 nurses (20 males; 80 females) randomly selected from 2 teaching hospitals in Benin. The results of the 2x2x2 ANOVA revealed that neuroticism, agreeableness, and gender exerted significant influence on marital satisfaction of nurses such that nurses who were low in neuroticism and high in agreeableness and males tended to be more satisfied with their marital life than other categories of nurses. However, there were no interaction effects of neuroticism, agreeableness, and gender on marital satisfaction. Neuroticism and agreeableness significantly influenced mentoring relationship of nurses in such a way that those who were low in neuroticism but high in agreeableness benefited more from mentoring relationship than those who were either high in neuroticism or low in agreeableness. There were no gender differences in mentoring relationship among nurses. There were no significant interaction effects of neuroticism, agreeableness, and gender on mentoring relationship among nurses. It was recommended that meaningful conversation be encouraged; help should be rendered to female nurses to enhance their self esteem. Goal settings, self-sufficiency, and independent thinking should also be encouraged. Lastly, organisations should be prepared to provide emotional support for nurses. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Olukayode A. Afolabi (PhD), Department of Pure &Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348034676352.

    Keywords

    Agreeableness Neuroticism Gender Marital Satisfaction Mentorship
  • Author: Uchenna C. Onuoha , Peter O. Olapegba & Opeyemi I. Segun-Martins Volume: 2(5) 2014 Page: 166-175

    Domestic violence among policemen: rank and spouse employment status as clues

    Corresponding Author

    Uchenna C. Onuoha , Peter O. Olapegba & Opeyemi I. Segun-Martins

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Interest in domestic violence may have been sustained by concerns about its negative effects on the well-being of victims. Despite concerted global effort at reducing domestic violence, gaps still exist in scholarly literature regarding the contributions of personal characteristics to domestic violence. The present study extended domestic violence literature by examining the influence of spouse employment status and rank on domestic violence among personnel of Nigerian Police Force. Participants consisted of 212 purposively selected personnel of the Nigerian Police Force. They included 88 commissioned officers and 144 noncommissioned personnel. Their age ranged from 28 to 57 years. One hundred and forty-three had wives who were employed, while the remainder (69) had non-working wives. After a critical review of domestic violence literature, two hypotheses were tested using t-test of independent samples. Results indicated significant influence of spouse employment status on domestic violence, such that policemen with working spouse were less likely to engage in domestic violence than those with unemployed spouse. However, rank had no influence on domestic violence. Vocational skill acquisition for non-working wives of policemen to enhance their economic contribution to the family is recommended.

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    Corresponding Author

    Uchenna C. Onuoha, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone:+2348034544547.

    Keywords

    Domestic Violence Spouse Employment Status Rank Nigeria Police Force
  • Author: Esau N. Mwantu, Timothy T. Kazi, Jonah Z. Damilep, & Banje Y. Mwanti Volume: 2(6) 2014 Page: 176-183

    Influence of psychological divorce among parents on children’s psycho-emotional well-being

    Corresponding Author

    Esau N. Mwantu, Timothy T. Kazi, Jonah Z. Damilep, & Banje Y. Mwanti

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Psychological divorce has become one of the most frequent environmental stressors experienced by adolescents. This study investigated the impact of psychological divorce on children’s level of anxiety and depression. Sample comprised 69 children (32 males; 37 females), whose ages ranged between 13 and 18 years (Mage = 13.30; SD= 8.28). They were children of 18 couples that were experiencing martial conflict. The couples responded to measure of marital stress and children responded to measures of anxiety and depression. Results of the One-way ANOVA showed that psychological divorce among parents did not significantly influenced children’s level of anxiety. However, children’s level of depression was significantly associated with the level of psychological divorce among parents; such that children whose parents experienced the highest level of psychological divorce were the most anxious and depressed compared with those whose parents reported low or medium psychological divorce. The practical and research implications of the findings were highlighted.

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    Corresponding Author

    Esau N. Mwantu (PhD), Department of General and Applied Psychology, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Emotions Psychological Divorce Children Well-being Adolescent
  • Author: Oluyinka Ojedokun, Isaiah O. Oteri, & Adepeju Ogungbamila Volume: 2(7) 2014 Page: 184-203

    Which of the big-five trait is more predictive of workplace bullying among academics in nigeria?

    Corresponding Author

    Oluyinka Ojedokun, Isaiah O. Oteri, & Adepeju Ogungbamila

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Most studies on workplace bullying have been victimcentric with little attention on the perpetrators, and this brings about a research gap in knowledge. Also, personality traits have been associated with bullying, but studies on the relationship between the Big-Five traits and tendency to perpetrate bullying among academics are lacking. This paper explored the Big-Five traits as predictors of tendency to perpetrate bullying among 475 (males = 275 and females = 200) academics in some Nigerian public universities. Participants’ ages ranged from 23 to 52 years (Mage = 37.42 years, SD = 8.07). Using hierarchical multiple regression statistics, findings indicated that after controlling for age and gender, the Big-Five traits accounted for an additional 20% of the variance in bullying. Binary logistic regression analyses revealed that extraversion, agreeableness, openness to experience, and neuroticism correctly classified self-labelled as perpetrators or non-perpetrators. These data indicate that the Big-Five personality traits may be a useful way for understanding the predisposing factors in the tendency to perpetrate workplace bullying among academics. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made, including periodic mandatory personality check-up for current academics and new entrants into positions in the Nigerian universities. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Oluyinka Ojedokun (PhD), Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Nigeria. Phone: +2348056325953. E-mail:[email protected]

    Keywords

    Workplace Bullying Big-five Traits Academics University
  • Author: Ronke G. Awopetu Volume: 2(8) 2014 Page: 204-214

    Influence of demographic variables and prison overcrowding on psychological well-being of prison inmates in south-west, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Ronke G. Awopetu

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined the influence of prison overcrowding and demographic variables on psychological well-being of prison inmates. Participants comprised 980 (876 males; 42 females) inmates from three prisons in southwest, Nigeria. Results from the t-test revealed that male inmates had a significantly higher psychological well-being than female inmates. Results of the multiple regression showed that marital status significantly predicted psychological wellbeing such that inmates who were married tended to report higher level of psychological well-being than those who were not. Duration of stay tended to significantly reduce inmates’ level of psycholgical well-being. Psychological well-being was sigificanly associated with category of prison. Psychological well-being significantly increased with inmates’ interpersonal space. However, psychological well-being was not associated with inmates’ age and educational status. Implications for policy and research were discussed. 

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    Corresponding Author

    G. Awopetu (PhD), Department of Psychology, Benue State University, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2347031535566.

    Keywords

    Overcrowding Psychological Well-being Prison Inmates Nigeria.
  • Author: Dare E. Arowolo Volume: 2(9) 2014 Page: 215-225

    Constitution making, constitutionalism and insurgencies in nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Dare E. Arowolo

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This paper examined the process of making constitution as one of the reasons for ubiquitous eruption of insurgencies in Nigeria. The problems that have attracted the attention of the paper are the failure of the constitution of Nigeria to adequately address the fundamental challenges facing Nigeria, most especially the challenge of defining an appropriately agreeable mechanism for harmonious coexistence; flagrant disregard of the constitution by the political leadership and the loss of hope in the constitution by the followership. The paper adopted elite theory to explain the process of constitution making in Nigeria and the level of adherence to constitution. Using content analysis, the paper identified the exclusion of masses as one of the factors fuelling ethnic insurgencies in the country. It concluded that the process of constitution making is reflexive of the whims and caprices of the ruling elite while neglecting the fundamental challenges threatening the corporate existence of the Nigerian State. Expectedly, therefore, the ethnic groups that were dissatisfied with the present federal structure resulted to violence and insurgencies; having lost hope in the capacity of the Nigerian State to adequately address their fears. The paper recommended, inter alia, bottom-up approach of constitution-making as a necessary mechanism to arresting various insurgencies that have become sporadic in Nigeria. 

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    Corresponding Author

    : Dare E. Arowolo, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348035774375.

    Keywords

    Approach Bottom-up Constitution Elite Insurgency Violence.
  • Author: MARY B. I. OMONIYI Volume: 2(10) 2014 Page: 226-235

    Self-efficacy and emotional intelligence as predictors of social problem solving skill among widows: implications for counselling

    Corresponding Author

    MARY B. I. OMONIYI

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the extent to which self-efficacy and emotional intelligence could determine problem solving skills of widows. The participants were 92 widows whose ages ranged between 34-62 years (Mage = 48; SD = 9.48). They responded to measures of self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, and problem solving. The results of the multiple regression showed that widows’ problem solving skills were not significantly connected with their level of selfefficacy. However, emotional intelligence significantly predicted problem solving skills such that widows who reported high level of emotional intelligence also reported high problem solving skills. The need for appropriate counselling interventions aimed at enhancing the levels of self-efficacy and emotional intelligence of widows were highlighted. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Mary B. I. Omoniyi (PhD), Department of Guidance and Counselling, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348034732226.

    Keywords

    Self-efficacy Emotional Intelligence Problem Solving Widowhood
  • Author: Gabriel K. Olorunleke Volume: 2(11) 2014 Page: 236-244

    Influence of salespersons’ compensation on performance during sales promotion of selected companies in ilorin, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Gabriel K. Olorunleke

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    There arise some issues bothering on the efficiency and effectiveness of the salesperson performances especially during sales promotion on one hand and his/her willingness to discharge his duties as appropriate on the other hand. Field experience has shown that salesperson tries to benefit either legally or illegally from sales promotion and this has restricted severally the level of success from such promotion especially in Nigeria. One of the problems is the salespersons’ ratings of their compensation during sales promotion. This study, therefore, tries to appraise the relationship between salesperson and their compensation during sales promotion. A sample of 151 valid and purposively collected responses to questionnaire was analysed using descriptive statistics. Results of the One-way ANOVA showed that salespersons who appraised their compensation during sales promotion as very adequate performed significantly better than those who rated their compensation as very inadequate or neither adequate nor inadequate. Therefore, management must repackage compensation plans for the salesperson in order to increase their performance without jeopardising sales promotion goals or profitability of the firm. Management must also be interested in how salespersons feel about their compensation.

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    Corresponding Author

    Gabriel K. Olorunleke (PhD), Department of Business Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2347034067040.

    Keywords

    Salesperson Sales Promotion Compensation Ilorin
  • Author: Justina O. Adeleke Volume: 2(12) 2014 Page: 245-254

    Living with modernity: challenges of ageing in a transitional nigerian society

    Corresponding Author

    Justina O. Adeleke

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Ageing is both a ‘natural’ and universal process; but growing old can be as graceful as it can be traumatic, especially in a transitional society. This crosssectional survey involved 220 elderly persons (74 males; 164 females) selected from Ikare, a semi-urban centre in southwestern, Nigeria. Their ages ranged between 60 and 100 years (Mage = 72.04 years; SD = 12.33). Results showed that majority of the aged did not benefit from ageing-friendly services and could not access health screening services. Results of the χ2 test showed that majority of the highly educated aged people depended on life-savings and not their children compared with the less educated aged. There was no significant gender difference in the participation of the aged in socio-political activities. Finally, there was no significant age difference in the preference for old people’s home among the aged. Implications for theory and practice were discussed. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Mrs. Justina O. Adeleke, Department of Sociology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348031549229 or +2348055456282.

    Keywords

    Modernity Ageing Transitional Society Ikare Nigeria
  • Author: Omolere M. Ehinmore Volume: 2(13) 2014 Page: 255-264

    Marine fishing in the niger delta in the 21st century: a study of its socio-economic development

    Corresponding Author

    Omolere M. Ehinmore

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Marine fishing had been the mainstay of the Niger Delta's coastal economy since pre- colonial era, due to the littoral characteristics of the region. It had been serving the socio- economic needs of the people adequately. In the wake of oil exploration in Nigeria, from the 1970s, Marine fishing, a highly dependable economic Sector, had been neglected by the youths and governments despite its huge contributions to both regional and national developments. The thrust of this paper therefore, is unraveling the history of Marine fishing, the physical characteristics of the Niger Delta, its suitability for Marine fishing, as well as environmental and human inhibitions of marine fishing in the region. The study adopted historical narrative method of oral interview, and use of text books and journals. The study also made some recommendations for improvement and sustenance of Marine fishing in the face of peculiar environmental conditioning. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Omolere M. Ehinmore (PhD), Department of History & International Studies, Adekunle Ajasin University, P.M.B. 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348053483433.

    Keywords

    Fishing Technology Local Geography Marine Fishing Niger Delta
  • Author: Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu Volume: 2(14) 2014 Page: 265-271

    Counselling for positive ageing: an exploratory study of selected elderly women in ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    This study explored issues associated with positive ageing. It was a descriptive survey involving 300 elderly women within the age range of 60-70 years. They responded to a 19-item scale on ageing. The results of the cross-tabulation showed that ageing was perceived to be associated with negative consequences such as degenerating diseases. Majority of the participants indicated that counselling could be an important tool for shaping people’s attitude towards ageing and old people. They also agreed that Old People’s Home may not enhance positive ageing. Quality social interaction and regular medical checkups were regarded by majority of the respondents as ways of enhancing positive ageing. Implications of the findings for counselling were discussed

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    Corresponding Author

    Olufunmilayo Tayo-Olajubutu (PhD), Department of Guidance and Counselling, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348064737149.

    Keywords

    Counselling Positive Ageing Elderly Women