Archive - Year of Publication (2013)
Author: Samuel E. Oladipo Volume: 1(1) 2013 Page: 1-10
Perceived organizational climate and job motivation as predictors of teachers’ attitude to workCorresponding Author
Samuel E. Oladipo[email protected]
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There is a vacuum in literature regarding how organizational climate and job motivation affect public secondary school teachers’ attitude to work. This study, therefore, examined organizational climate and job motivation as predictors of work attitude among 250, randomly selected public secondary school teachers in a SouthWestern State of Nigeria. The sample was made up of 129 males and 121 females. Results showed that perceived organizational climate had a significant positive relationship with teachers’ work attitude. However, job motivation was not significantly related with work attitude. The results of the regression analysis indicated that perceived organizational climate positively predicted teachers’ attitude to work. However, work motivation did not predict teacher’ attitude to work. Similarly, job motivation and organizational climate did not jointly predict teachers’ attitude to work. Conclusively, organizational climate and job motivation are important factors to be considered in influencing a positive attitude to work among public secondary school teachers. Therefore, efforts must be geared towards the provision of favourable organizational climate where no favoritism will be perceived and where outstanding achievements among teachers will be recognized and adequately rewarded.
Corresponding AuthorSamuel E. Oladipo (PhD) Department of Counselling Psychology, College of Applied Education and Vocational Technology, Tai Solarin University of Education, PMB 2118 Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348053480182.
KeywordsOrganizational Climate Motivation Teachers Attitude
Author: Ademola B. Owolabi Volume: 1(1) 2013 Page: 11-20
Influence of work locus of control and perceived environmental support on employees’ work attitude and organizationally beneficial behaviourCorresponding Author
Ademola B. Owolabi[email protected]
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This study investigated the extent to which work locus of control and perceived environmental support influence employees work attitude and organizationally beneficial behaviour. A total of 181 employees (105 females; 76 males), selected from private and public sector organizations, participated in the study. Results indicated that employees who held internal locus of control had better work attitude than those who held external locus of control. Though perceived environmental support did not influence employees work attitude, results revealed that when employees perceived supportive work environment they tended to engage in organizationally beneficial behaviour, compared with when the work environment was perceived as less supportive. Finally, there were no sex and sectoral differences in employees work attitude, organizationally beneficial behaviour, perceived environmental support, and locus of control.
Corresponding AuthorAdemola B. Owolabi (PhD), Department of Psychology, Ekiti State University, AdoEkiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348066708016.
KeywordsLocus Of Control Support Work Attitude
Author: Janet T. Kolade & Stella A. Olowodunoye Volume: 1(3) 2013 Page: 21-31
Influence of marital stress on organizational commitment among teachers and police officersCorresponding Author
Janet T. Kolade & Stella A. Olowodunoye[email protected]
This study investigated the extent to which marital stress influence organizational commitment of teachers and police officers. Participants were 300 (149 teachers; 151 police officers). Their ages ranged between 33 and 55 years (M = 37.24; SD = 11.10). Results indicated that organizational commitment increased with employees’ length of service. Marital stress had no significant influence on organizational commitment; but occupational differences existed in organizational commitment with teachers being more committed than police officers. Furthermore, marital stress and type of occupation did not jointly influence organizational commitment.
Corresponding AuthorJanet T. Kolade, Department of Pure &Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348069118568.
KeywordsService Occupation Police Teacher Commitment
Author: Opeyemi I. Segun-Martins Volume: 1(4) 2013 Page: 32-42
Influence of depression, perfectionism, and life-stress on suicidal ideation among youthsCorresponding Author
Opeyemi I. Segun-Martins[email protected]
This study investigated the influence of depression, perfectionism and lifestress on suicidal ideation among youths. Using a cross-sectional survey, 283 youths (males = 127; females = 156) were randomly sampled. Their ages averaged 19.14 years (SD = 4.10). The results revealed that age, religion, and occupation were related with suicidal ideation among youths. Depression predicted suicidal ideation such that youths that were highly depressed tended to experience higher suicidal ideation compared with those who reported low level of depression. Perfectionism and life-stress were not related with suicidal ideation. However, depression, perfectionism and life-stress jointly predicted suicidal ideation among youths. In view of these findings, it was concluded that depressed youths, especially in the presence of perfectionistic tendency and stressful life events, are more at risk of suicidal ideation.
Corresponding AuthorOpeyemi Segun-Martin, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2347032316270.
KeywordsDepression Perfectionism Life-stress Suicidal Ideation Youths
Author: Anthony G. Balogun & Philomena A. Olawoye Volume: 1(5) 2013 Page: 43-55
Correlates of depression among prison inmates in south-western nigeriaCorresponding Author
Anthony G. Balogun & Philomena A. Olawoye[email protected]
Despite the prevalence of depression among prison inmates in Nigeria, there are limited studies on the correlates of depression among prison inmates in Nigeria. In view of this gap in knowledge, this study examined the influence of emotional intelligence and self-esteem on depression among prison inmates in two Southwestern states in Nigeria. A total of 233 (201 males; 32 females) participants were selected for the study. Their ages ranged between 21 to 69 years (M = 31.3; SD = 3.23). Results revealed that inmates who were high in emotional intelligence were significantly less depressed compared with those with low level of emotional intelligence. Similarly, inmates with high self-esteem were significantly less depressed compared with those who reported low self-esteem. Lastly, inmates with high emotional intelligence and self-esteem reported the lowest level of depression compared with other categories of inmates. The findings of this study implicated the need to include emotional intelligence training in Nigeria prison reformation and rehabilitation programmes. In addition to that, rehabilitation programmes should be designed to enhance the self-esteem of prison inmates.
Corresponding AuthorAnthony G. Balogun, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, P. M. B. 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348032960406.
KeywordsDepression Emotional Intelligence Self-esteem Prison Inmates
Author: Adedeji J. Ogunleye, Femi R. Oluwajuyitan & Akindele M. Adetoye Volume: 1(6) 2013 Page: 56-67
Influence of locus of control, religious affiliation, and religiosity on paranormal beliefs among young adultsCorresponding Author
Adedeji J. Ogunleye, Femi R. Oluwajuyitan & Akindele M. Adetoye[email protected]
This study investigated the extent to which locus of control, religious affiliation, and religiosity affect paranormal beliefs among young adults. Participants were 261 (163 males; 98 females) young adults selected from a public polytechnic in Southwestern Nigeria. Their average age was 24.20 (SD = 9.48) with a range of 18-34 years. Results of the t test generally indicated that locus of control did not influence dimensions and overall paranormal beliefs, except belief in parapsychology and spiritualism. Paranormal beliefs of young adults had linked with religious affiliation. Generally, religiosity had no connection with dimensions and overall paranormal beliefs, except superstition. Results of the F test revealed that locus of control, religious affiliation, and religiosity had no significant interaction effects on paranormal beliefs. Finally, the results of the t test showed that sex and age category had no significant influence on paranormal beliefs, except parapsychology where age category exerted a significant influence.
Corresponding AuthorAdedeji J. Ogunleye (PhD), Department of Psychology, Ekiti State University, AdoEkiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348036758644.
KeywordsParanormal Religiosity Locus Of Control Young Adults
Author: Adepeju Ogungbamila Volume: 1(7) 2013 Page: 68-74
Demographic predictors of premarital sexual behaviours among undergraduatesCorresponding Author
Adepeju Ogungbamila[email protected]
Previous studies have implicated premarital sexual behaviours in abortions, teenage mothers, and sexually transmitted infections. Less research attention has focused the extent to which age and gender predict premarital sexual behaviours among undergraduates; a lacuna this study aimed to fill. A total of 198 undergraduates (104 males; 94 females) were sampled from a public university in southwestern Nigeria. Their age ranged from 15 to 39 years (M = 23.20 years; SD = 3.17). Results revealed that age and gender did not significantly predict premarital sexual behaviours. There was no gender difference in undergraduates’ premarital sexual behaviours. It was, therefore, concluded that premarital sexual behaviours cut across undergraduates irrespective of their age and gender.
Corresponding AuthorAdepeju Ogungbamila, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348078888549.
KeywordsPremarital Behaviours University Student Undergraduate
Author: Olukayode A. Afolabi & Joan E. Obuseh Volume: 1(8) 2013 Page: 75-86
Influence of locus of control, perceived selfefficacy and alcohol use on risky sexual decision makingCorresponding Author
Olukayode A. Afolabi & Joan E. Obuseh[email protected]
The level of risks taken by youths concerning sexual behaviour is increasing everyday and there is dearth of information about the roles of locus of control, selfefficacy and alcohol use. This study thus, examined the influence of these variables on risky sexual decision making among undergraduates. One hundred and thirty undergraduates (67males; 63 females), selected from a public university in Southern Nigeria participated in the study. Results showed that locus of control and perceived self-efficacy exerted no independent but significant interaction effect on risky sexual decision making. Males tended to take higher risky sexual decision making than females. Alcohol use did not influence undergraduates’ risky sexual decision making. Finally, gender and alcohol use had a significant effect on undergraduates’ tendency to take risky sexual decisions.
Corresponding AuthorOlukayode A. Afolabi (PhD), Department of Pure &Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348034676352
KeywordsLocus Of Control Self-efficacy Alcohol Sexual Decision
Author: Stella A. Olowodunoye & Bunawari F. Ojogo Volume: 1(9) 2013 Page: 87-95
Age, gender, and family relations as correlates of self-esteem among physically and non-physically challenged secondary school studentsCorresponding Author
Stella A. Olowodunoye & Bunawari F. Ojogo[email protected]
The study investigated the extent to which age, gender and family relations predicted self-esteem of the physically and non-physically challenged. Participants were 232 students (116 physically challenged; 116 non-physically challenged) whose ages averaged 17.16 years. Results indicated that physically challenged had lower self-esteem than non-physically challenged students. Age was associated with lower self-esteem. But good family relations enhanced students’ self-esteem. Lastly, age, gender and family relations exerted a significant joint influence on self-esteem.
Corresponding AuthorStella A. Olowodunoye, Department of Pure &Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348059227041.
Keywords: Self-esteem Gender Physically Challenged Family Relations.
Author: R. Santos Alimi Volume: 1(10) 2013 Page: 96-104
An analysis of meat demand in akungba-akoko, nigeriaCorresponding Author
R. Santos Alimi[email protected]
This study examined households’ preference for and meat consumption patterns. Participants were 300 heads of household (141 males; 159 females) whose ages ranged between 18 to 65 years (M = 43.20; SD = 10.11). Results indicated that beef (60.14%) was the most preferred meat, followed by chicken (29.72%) and turkey (26.92%). The proportion of household’s total expenditure on meat was high for low income households (18%), compared with middle or high income households. The percentage of household food expenditure expended on meat was high for both low income households and high income households, compared middle income households. The most important factor considered by households while purchasing meat was the taste and habits, followed by nutritional value and prices. Other factors observed were freshness, tenderness and religious sentiments. Hence, in livestock farming the various determinants such as preferences, choices, sentiments that may influence the choices of meat consumers’ should be considered.
Corresponding AuthorR. Santos Alimi, Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] Phone: +2348102304980.
KeywordsExpenditure Pattern Meat Consumption Households
Author: Uchenna, C. Onuoha Volume: 1(11) 2013 Page: 105-114
Counterproductive work behavior among employees in emotionally demanding jobs: the roles of perceived organizational support, job burnout, and ageCorresponding Author
Uchenna, C. Onuoha[email protected]
Interest in counterproductive work behavior (CWB) is growing in recent time because of the problems it creates for firms. The present study extended previous research on CWB by investigating the influence of perceived organizational support and job burnout on CWB among employees in emotionally demanding jobs. The study was a cross-sectional survey, in which a sample of 328 employees in organizations that render highly personalized service participated. The results of the multiple regression analysis showed that employees with favorable perception of organizational support were less likely to exhibit CWB. Employees who reported job burnout showed higher tendency of engaging in CWB than those who did not report job burnout. However, age did not influence employees’ tendency to engage in CWB. Employee assisted programs such as flexible working hours and cognitive re-training of employees to manage their expectations were recommended.
Corresponding AuthorUchenna C. Onuoha, Department of Pure & Applied Psychology, Adekunle Ajasin University, PMB 001 Akungba-Akoko, 34-234 Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] Phone: +2348034544547.
KeywordsCounterproductive Work Behavior Support Burnout Emotional Demand