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Journal of Social and Management Scientists

Articles / Papers

  • Author: Adekunle Akinola Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 1-11

    Effect of community-based adaptation strategies on climate change impacts among residents of coastal communities in lagos state, nigeria

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    Coastal communities are more susceptible to the negative impacts of climate change than those in inland areas. Although, researchers have examined the adaptation measures of coastal populations to climate change impacts, but little is known about the effect of community-based adaptation strategies on the impacts of climate change, specifically among residents of coastal communities in Lagos, Nigeria. Therefore, this paper bridges this gap in knowledge by investigating the effect of adaptation measures on climate change impacts among residents of coastal communities in Lagos State, Nigeria. The study adopted a mixed-methods approach (both quantitative and qualitative) to collect and analyse data. Results revealed that some of the community-based adaptation measures such as tree planting, waste management initiatives, and climate change awareness programmes were critical adaptation measures adopted by the participants. It was recommended that stakeholders and climate adaptation-related practitioners need to scale up these climate adaptation initiatives because of their effectiveness in strengthening the resilience of the people to climate change impacts.

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    Adekunle Akinola

    Keywords

    Climate Change Climate Adaptation Resilience Vulnerability
  • Author: Bolajoko I. Malomo & Gbolahan S. Afolayan Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 50-63

    Do men adopt? understanding men’s attitude towards child adoption based on income status, age, and ethnic affiliation

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    The rate of infertility among Nigerian couples is increasing and child adoption is advocated as a solution. However, a number of the existing child adoption studies focus on females, with less research attention on men and this creates a significant gap in knowledge. Current studies on child adoption in Nigeria involving women participants reported cost, cultural factors and age among the challenges of child adoption. Therefore this study focused on men and their attitude towards child adoption based on the differences in their income status, age, and ethnic affiliations. The economic theory of fertility and the theory of symbolic anthropology explained how differences in income status and ethnic affiliation would create differences in attitude towards child adoption among 200 men in Lagos State. The responses obtained were analyzed using One-way analysis of variance statistics. The findings revealed that males whose income statuses are classified as low reported negative attitudes toward child adoption (M=42.073, SD=13.21), compared to other income statuses (F(197) = 16.64, p = 0.000). Thus, the economic theory of fertility was confirmed. The significant differences in the attitude of men towards child adoption based on ethnic affiliation (F(197) = 19.55, p = 0.000, also confirmed that culture is a reflection of our real world and our interpretation of culture is based on the symbols that function within our culture to guide and determine our actions. Differences in age were also significant in contributing to the differences in men’s attitudes toward child adoption. It is recommended that government should award child adoption grants to families whose income statuses may be a factor in the inability to adopt children as an option to infertility challenges in their families. Advocacy messages may be utilized to create awareness among men on child adoption benefits focusing on the demographic variables investigated in this present study.

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    Bolajoko I. Malomo

    Keywords

    Child Adoption Economic Theory Of Fertility Symbolic Anthropology Ethnic Affiliation Lagos
  • Author: Toyin ADINLEWA & Raphael Olugbenga ABIMBOLA Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 12-27

    Perception and attitude towards media sensitization on covid-19 safety measures among residents of ondo state, nigeria

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    The study examined perception and attitude toward media sensitization on COVID19 safety measures among residents of Ondo State, Nigeria during the COVID-19 first wave. Data for the study were collected from a sample of 528 residents through an online questionnaire. Findings showed that the media have been very active in championing the fight against COVID-19 spread through its sensitization campaign and a very large number of Ondo State residents were exposed to such sensitization with many of them (respondents) being able to recall the issues raised in the campaign. Also, respondents’ perception of the government’s measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19 is positively skewed. However, while respondents agree with the government’s directives on COVID-19 protocol, such agreement minimally influenced their attitude as the majority of them did not comply with some of the directives to curb the spread. It is recommended that the media should involve credible and respected people who are opinion leaders in the society to help in the sensitization message.

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    Toyin Adinlewa

    Keywords

    Perception Attitude Media Sensitization COVID-19 Social Responsibility Safety Measures
  • Author: OLADUTIRE, E. OLADEJI Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 28-38

    The relationship between firm size and volume of annual reports among quoted companies in nigeria

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    There have been discoursed regarding the issue of quantity of annual report disclosure as to the optimal level of accounting policy information that is useful without blinding the user with distracting and irrelevant information. Diverse influencers have been found to have a significant effect on the quantity of the annual report in which company size is not left out, even though they presented inconsistency in their findings. Therefore, this study examines the effect of firm size on the quantity of annual reports disclosure in Nigerian quoted companies. Firm size is a proxy using the firm total asset which is the independent variable while the dependent variable which is the quantity of the annual report is measured by the volume of the firm’s annual report. The expo facto research design was used for the study. The population of this study covers all 189 quoted companies on the Floor of the Nigerian Stock Exchange. A sample of 70 selected companies from the year 2009 to 2019 was used for the study. Preliminary analysis such as descriptive analysis was first conducted and then the panel data regression was conducted. The findings reveal a positive and significant relationship between firm size on the quantity of the annual report disclosure proxy by the total volume of annual reports. That is, an increase or change in the firm size (total asset), will have a significant increase or change in the quantity of the annual report. The study concludes that firm size plays an important role in the trend of annual report quantity. The study recommendation is that the annual report of a firm should only contain relevant financial and non-financial information such as their earnings, income, turnover, and workforce that will guide users of the annual report in making decisions and motivate investors instead of filling the report with irrelevancies due to the organization expansion and growth.

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    OLADUTIRE, E. OLADEJI

    Keywords

    Firm Size Annual Report Volume Of Annual Report
  • Author: Lade Joel ADEYANJU, Adebayo Monsur ISHOLA, & Adekemi Yewande KARIMU Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 39-49

    Integrating information and communication technologies in teacher education programmes: pre-service teachers’ perspectives

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    Integrating Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) into teacher education is the key to equipping and producing professional teachers as well as improving the pedagogy. This study, therefore, investigated the perception of integrating ICTs in pre-service teachers’ education programme (TEP) at Federal College of Education, Osiele and Tai Solarin College of Education, Omu, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design to investigate the background of the research problem and get the required information to carry out further research on the study. Data were collected using the Pre-Service Teachers’ Perceptions of Information and Communication Technology Integration Scale. A total of 370 participants were selected through a stratified random sampling technique from a population of 9,355 pre-service teachers in the selected colleges of education. Results revealed that future teachers have misconceptions about the usefulness of some ICTs in TEP and that there is not enough modelling of ICT pedagogy, both in schools and in the TEP. Also, there is a significant difference in the perceptions of teacher-trainees regarding the integration of ICT in TEP based on the type of the programme, (t-cal = -2.345; df =368; p< .05). Pre-service teachers have to realize that ICTs have come to stay in their programmes. They need to develop more confidence in their individual ability in becoming computer literate and technology-savvy teachers in order to remain relevant in the modern-day information age.

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    Adebayo Monsur ISHOLA

    Keywords

    Teacher Education Information And Communication Technologies Pre-service Teachers Perceptions
  • Author: Alade M. E & Gbemigun C. O Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 64-79

    Tax policies and performance of micro, small and medium enterprises in ondo state, nigeria

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    This study examined the effect of tax policies on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) performance in Ondo State, Nigeria. The rate at which MSMEs cease to operate is very high owing to a number of factors among which include poor market control, stiff competition to enormous tax burdens. The study involves a survey research design with a population of 73,081 registered MSMEs in Ondo State (71,288 Micro and Small enterprises and 1,793 Medium enterprises). The researchers derived their sample size to arrive at 400 using Taro Yamane formula, and a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. ANOVA table reports the test of significance of the overall model. It reports how the variables included jointly affect the MSMEs performance. The result shows that the examined tax policies of the government have a significant relationship with the MSMEs performance in Ondo State while the model is significant at 0.05 level. Tax rate (-0.089), tax assessment (-0.159) and Value Added Tax (VAT) (-0.007) are negatively related to MSMEs performance in Ondo State but only significant statistically for tax assessment at 0.05 level. The implication is that any possible increment in the tax rate, tax assessment and VAT will lead to a reduction in MSMEs' performance. Thus, the study concluded that an increase in tax burden will result in dwindling performance of MSMEs in Ondo State, Nigeria. The study recommended that Government should give accelerated tax refund and provision to claim back preliminary taxes paid, or set it off against future losses to improve performance, also they should ensure adequate infrastructure capable of providing support for MSMEs business to hamper their willingness to remit VAT.

     

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    Gbemigun C. O

    Keywords

    Tax Policies MSMEs Performance Tax Rate Tax Assessment Value Added Tax
  • Author: Balogun, Shyngle Kolawole & Obosi, Abel Chibuzor Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 136-151

    Psychological predictors of the mental health among married women in the university of ibadan, nigeria

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    The problem of mental health in women, especially women working in academia, is an important area of study that has received little attention among researchers. Bearing dual responsibilities at the home front and workplace may place serious mental health issues among this population. This study examined the influence of personality traits, social support and dispositional optimism on the mental health of married women at the University of Ibadan. Using the Social model and Attribution theory, the study utilized the ex post facto research design with primary data collected from married women employed at the University of Ibadan. The sampling technique adopted was the purposive sampling technique with a total sample size of 381 participants. Data were analyzed using t-test for independent measures and the Multiple Linear Regression analytical tools at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that extraversion, conscientiousness, social support and dispositional optimism are important independent and joint predictors of mental health among married women at the University of Ibadan. Recommendations were made in this regard.

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    Obosi, Abel Chibuzor

    Keywords

    Mental Health Personality Traits Social Support Dispositional Optimism
  • Author: Yemi Meroyi Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 95-106

    Socioeconomic factors affecting utilization of family planning services among reproductive age women in owo, ondo state

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    The exponential growth rate of Nigeria's population is a serious concern which must be checked in order to forestall population explosion from taking place in the country. The study, therefore, investigated the socioeconomic factors affecting the utilization of family planning services among women of reproductive age in Owo local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria. It is a cross-sectional household survey which enlisted 401 women within the reproductive age (15-49 years) from four communities randomly selected from two wards of the eleven wards in the LGA. A structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents. Three levels of analyses (univariate, bivariate and multivariate) were carried out using descriptive statistics and a logistic regression model. Considering the unadjusted model, maternal education, marital status, religion and cost of transportation to health centres were the significant predictors of contraceptive use. However, in the adjusted (multivariate) model only education significantly predicted the use of modern contraceptives. The study, therefore, concludes that a significant proportion of women with or without primary education were not using modern contraceptives, hence health information education is recommended for women in the LGA.

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    Yemi Meroyi

    Keywords

    Family Planning Contraceptive Education Unmet Need Health Belief Model
  • Author: Ajayi Sandra Osama & Adeyoriju Rotimi Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 80-94

    Work stress and internal customer service satisfaction of employees in benson idahosa university, benin-city, edo state

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    In today’s contemporary business environment, the issue of work stress has become a matter of debate and general interest amongst researchers. This is because work stress connotes harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when job requirements do not match workers’ capabilities and resources with an adverse effect on service delivery if not properly handled. Hence, this study examined the impact of work stress on internal customer service satisfaction in Benson Idohosa University, Benin-city, Edo State. The specific aspects of job stress examined are work overload, role ambiguity and role conflict. A descriptive survey was adopted as the foci of the research design. The population of this study comprised 153 employees of three faculties in Benson Idahosa University, while a sample size of One Hundred and Eleven (111) was systematically selected using Yamane (2002). Based on this, a structured questionnaire was designed and administered to elicit information from the respondents. Out of One Hundred and Eleven (111) copies of the questionnaire administered, 109 were retrieved and found useable for final data analysis. Multiple regression analysis was employed to confirm the significant impact of work stress on internal customer service satisfaction among employees of Benson Idahosa University. The results revealed that work overload and role conflict have no significant influence on the quality of internal customer services satisfaction received, but role ambiguity has a significant effect on the quality of internal customer services satisfaction received. The findings underscored the importance of reducing and managing work overload, role ambiguity and role conflict. This study, therefore, recommended that Benson Idahosa University should make use of proactive management support, partnership process and improving internal communications so as to enhance quality internal customer service satisfaction.

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    Ajayi Sandra Osama

    Keywords

    Internal Customer Service Role Ambiguity Role Conflict Work Overload Work Stress
  • Author: Adediran, O. A. Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 129-135

    Susceptibility factors and family resilience in intellectual disability of children with down syndrome: perspectives of some married individuals

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    This paper examined the various factors in Intellectual Disability and family residence with a special focus on the Down’s syndrome type. A descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. A simple random sampling technique was adopted to select 291 participants from Ibadan, Oyo state (150 males and 141 females). Two research questions were raised and multiple regression analysis was used to analyse the data collected from the administered validated Down Syndrome Type Questionnaire (DSTQ; α = 87). The results obtained, revealed that independent variables (chromosomal abnormalities, mother’s age, heredity, ignorance in marriage incompatibility and environmental agents) when put together, yielded a co-efficient of multiple regression 0.37 and multiple correlation square of 0.247, this indicated that 25% of the total variance in participants disposition to Intellectual Disability of Down’s Syndrome type is accounted for by the combination of the five variables that is significant at 0.05 level (f 95.502; P, 0.05). Also, each of the independent variables except environmental agents made a significant individual contribution to the prediction of Intellectual Disability of Down’s syndrome type. The researcher reported a correlation between a mother’s age and Down syndrome incidence, hence, it was recommended that prospective mothers should get pregnant before the age of 35 years. Equally emphasized is the importance of medical tests and other preventive measures towards curbing the incidence of Down’s syndrome in the family.

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    Adediran, O. A.

    Keywords

    Chromosomal Abnormalities Down Syndrome Type Environmental Factors Family Resilience Intellectual Disability
  • Author: Ale, A.S Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 117-128

    Rural transport infrastructural improvement and poverty reduction strategy in akoko south – west local government areas of ondo state, nigeria

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    In Nigeria, transport infrastructural facilities are underdeveloped and of poor quality to aid rural dwellers’ transportation system in order to enhance their quality of life. This study, therefore, examined the various facilities necessary for rural transport infrastructural improvement and the factors affecting its improvement as it relates to the poverty level of the people in the rural areas of Ondo State. Data were collected through multistage sampling procedures in eleven (11) randomly selected settlements while a total of one hundred and ten (110) questionnaires were administered to the household heads both male and female in the study area. Data collected were analyzed using simple descriptive statistical analysis to explain the socio-economic variables of the respondents as well as the impact of transport infrastructural development on poverty reduction in the study area. Similarly, inferential statistical analyses were used to determine the level of improvement in transport infrastructural facilities on poverty reduction in the study area. The results of the analysis revealed that there is a strong relationship between transport infrastructural facilities improvement and the level of poverty reduction in the study area. The paper, therefore, recommends that provision for transport infrastructural facilities should be part of its budget for proper planning policy for rural development.

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    Ale, A.S

    Keywords

    Approach Rural-transport Infrastructure Poverty Strategy
  • Author: Busayo Victor Osuntuyi, Elizabeth Olayinka Osuntuyi & Abimbola Tracy Akinwande Volume: 13(4) 2021 Page: 107-116

    Budget deficit and economic growth nexus in nigeria

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    The empirical literature on the budget deficit–growth nexus has piqued the attention of Economists, but the findings are far from unanimous. This paper investigated the relationship between Nigeria's budget deficit and economic growth from 1981 to 2019. The Johansen Cointegration test, and the Toda and Yamamoto Granger causality test were used. The paper's estimated results revealed causal relationships between our variables of interest. The paper also revealed that the budget deficit, domestic credit, and exchange rate affect Nigeria's economic growth. The paper concluded that the budget deficit is an expansionary fiscal policy tool that stimulates economic growth and that the budget deficit does not necessarily intensify inflationary pressures in Nigeria but rather manifests through other macroeconomic variables. As a result, the paper proposed that monetary policy be improved to function as checks and balances and supplement fiscal policy to maintain Nigeria's economic growth.

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    Busayo Victor Osuntuyi

    Keywords

    Budget Deficit Economic Growth Fiscal Policy Inflation Toda And Yamamoto