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Journal of Social and Management Scientists

Articles / Papers

  • Author: Kudzaishe Mangombe, Lazarus Zanamwe, Collet Muza, & Wishy Chipiro Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 1-10

    Socio-demographic determinants of birth certificate registration in zimbabwe: an analysis based on the 2012 population census

    Corresponding Author [email protected]il.com
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Possession of a birth registration certificate is a universal problem in most countries, but especially among those in the low to middle-income group. Zimbabwe has a Births and Deaths Registration Act first enacted in 1986 and revised later. Section 10 of this Act provides for the compulsory registration of all births, stillbirths and deaths. Yet, birth registration in Zimbabwe still remains incomplete. The paper seeks to identify predictors of birth registration among children aged 0-17 years. This paper is based on an analysis of the 2012 Zimbabwe Population Census using binary Logistic regression analysis. The predictors were: age and sex of the child, head of households’ marital status, head of households’level of education and employment status, as well orphanhood status of the child. Policymakers should take these factors into cognizance when driving for better birth registration certificate ownership among children aged 0-17 years in Zimbabwe.

     

     

     

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    Kudzaishe Mangombe, Center for Population Studies, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe. E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Birth Registration Population Census Marital Status Employment Status Orphanhood Status
  • Author: Shyngle K. Balogun and Peter O. Famakinde Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 11-27

    Self-esteem and parenting style as predictors of cheating tendency in secondary schools

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Cheating is an obvious threat to the reliability of the student performance evaluation system because it results in an inaccurate evaluation of a student's academic ability. Hence, this study is an attempt to exemplify which parenting style would more likely increase the secondary school students’ tendency to cheat in examinations as well as identify the role of self-esteem in the cheating tendency of students. The study employed an ex-post facto design to sample four hundred (400) secondary school students in Ibadan metropolis, both public and private schools were included.  A structured questionnaire made up of Self-esteem scale, Parenting style scale, Cheating tendency scale and certain demographic variables were administered for data collection. Results indicated that Cheating tendency is significantly inversely correlated with authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting styles [(r = -.675, p < .01); (r = -.669, p < .01) & (r = -.350, p < .01) respectively] but self-esteem had no significant relationship with cheating tendency (r = -.091, p > .05). Further, self-esteem was shown to have a direct relationship with authoritarian and authoritative parenting styles [(r = .177, p < .05) & (r = .152, p < .05) respectively] but did not significantly independently predict cheating tendency (F (1, 398) = 3.318, p >.05; R2 = .003). Parenting styles and self-esteem significantly jointly predicted cheating tendency (F (4, 395) = 112.22, p <.01; R2 = .527). The independent contribution of authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting styles to cheating tendency was also significant [(b = -.347; t= -6.393; p> .01); (b = -.388; t= -7.568; p> .01) and (b = -.117; t= -3.104; p> .01) respectively]. Result also indicated that public school students (X = 21.78, S.D= 6.8) have a significant higher tendency to cheat than private school students (X = 18.31, S.D= 6.8) (t (398) = 4.864) and that students not living with their parents (X = 20.59, S.D= 7.3) have a significantly higher tendency to cheat than students living with their parents (X = 19.29, S.D= 7.0) (t(398)=3.294). The researchers concluded that parenting styles have a large influence on a students’ tendency to cheat in an examination and that all three parenting styles discourage examination cheating, but the intensity at which they discourage it seem to differ. Appropriate interventions such as counselling, psycho-education and school crusades are needed in secondary schools to reduce students’ tendency to cheat in examinations.

     

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    Peter O. Famakinde, Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Cheating Parenting Styles Self-esteem Students
  • Author: Akinwale Omotola Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 28-39

    Relationship between firm characteristics and employee compensation: evidence from the non-financial quoted firm in nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The rising compensations are the result of inefficiencies in the market for executives and other employees which form the knowledge gap in this study. The objective of this study is to examine the significant relationship between firm size, firm leverage, firm profitability and employee compensation. This study employs a cross-sectional research design in which secondary data were collected from the quoted companies in the Nigeria Stock Exchange for the year 2016. Employee compensation is measured by the amount of money paid to the employee, firm size is measure by the log of total assets, firm leverage is measure by the ratio of debt to total assets and firm profitability is measure by Returns on Assets (ROA). The study adopts White Heteroscedasticity least square regression, Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) test and ARCH Heteroskedasticity for the data analysis. The empirical findings show that firm size has a significant positive relationship with employee compensation at 1% level of significance while firm leverage and firm profitability have an insignificant negative relationship with employee compensation. The study recommends that management should make a strategic decision against higher compensation for employees due to an increase in the size of the firm.

     

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    Akinwale Omotola, Department of Business Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Employee Compensation Firm Size Firm Leverage Firm And Firm Profitability
  • Author: Aroyewun, B.A, Akinwale, G.A, & Eke, C.I Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 40-54

    Suicidal ideations among teenagers in the university: the role self-esteem, personality traits and peer relation.

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    This study investigated the role of self-esteem, personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) and peer relation in the manifestation of suicidal ideation among teenagers in the University. Three hundred and fifty (350) teenage undergraduate comprised of 206 males (58.9%) and 144 females (41.1%) with age ranges from 16 to 19 years (M=17.62, SD=1.12) selected through convenient sampling constitute the samples for this research. Index of Self-Esteem, Big Five Personality Inventory, Index of Peer Relation and Suicidal Ideation questionnaire were used to obtain information from the participants. Hypotheses were tested with Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression. The results revealed a positive correlation between self-esteem and suicidal ideation (r = -.174, p= <.05). Also, personality traits of Extroversion (r = -.127; p<0.01), agreeableness (r=-.130; p<0.01), conscientiousness (r = -.129; p<0.05), openness to experience (r = -.128; p<0.01) had significant negative relationships with suicidal ideation, while neuroticism (r = .205; p< 0.05) had significant positive relationships with suicidal ideation. Similarly, peer relation had a significant negative relationship with suicidal ideation (r = -.0.119; p<.05). Lastly, self-esteem, personality trait and peer relation jointly yielded significant coefficient of regression R2 = .090 (p<0.05) with Fratio= 5.660on suicidal ideation among teenagers in the university.

     

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    Aroyewun, B.A, Department of Psychology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigera. E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Self-esteem Personality Traits Peer Relationship Suicidal Ideation Teenagers
  • Author: C. Chris Ofonyelu Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 1-8

    Optimal contract and incentive compatibility constraint (icc): some evidence from nigeria’s haulage market

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The purpose of this paper is to show that covenants and legal agreements are useful exercises in enhancing equilibrium relationships between commercial drivers and their vehicle owners. Haulage business is one of such economic activity that is prone to principal-agency problems. In view of this, haulage firms and commercial vehicle owners do covenant their drivers as a precondition for employment. This study employed Chiappori-Salanie (C-S) test statistics to examine the effect of such covenants in mitigating information asymmetry problems among 50 commercial truck drivers operating under Akoko North West Local Government Scheme (ANWLGS) of Ondo state. Based on the findings, covenanted drivers were observed to demonstrate lower default likelihood than the non-covenanted. Drivers on fixed agreements showed lesser default tendency than those whose terms of engagement were unfixed. The finding from the study joins with Akerlof (1982) to suggest that effort commitment relates positively with compensation and that fixed covenant enhances performance.

     

     

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    C. Chris Ofonyelu, Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Incentive Compatibility Constraint Optimal Contract Information Asymmetry
  • Author: Chukwuechefulam Kingsley IMO Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 9-21

    Urban-rural differentials of unmet need for family planning predictors among ever-married and cohabiting childbearing women in nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Unintended pregnancy-related to unmet need for Family Planning (FP) in the context of health priority, is a worldwide problem with health implications. This study examined urban-rural differentials of unmet need for FP predictors in Nigeria, using a sample of 18,125 women drawn from the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Descriptive and statistical analyses were carried out, including multivariate binary logistic regression. The study established that urban-rural differentials of unmet need for FP are driven by distance to the health facility. Lack of women’s healthcare decision-making autonomy was found to be associated with an unmet need for FP. Given that the unmet need for FP increased among women with at least a living child, whose husbands wanted more children and who experienced a son’s death, there is the need to re-addressing some cultural practices relating to sexual and reproductive health to achieve sustainable development in a patriarchal Nigeria.

     

     

     

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    Chukwuechefulam Kingsley IMO, Department of Sociology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +2348069226978

    Keywords

    Unmet Need Family Planning Urban-rural Differentials Women Nigeria
  • Author: Igbekoyi Olusola Esther Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 22-37

    Corporate social responsibility and financial perfomance of manufacturing firms listed on the nigerian stock exchange

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Prior to recent time, the performance of firms has been solely based on the financial evaluation yardsticks in terms of profits, return on investments, return on assets among others. It is however discovered that in this era of sustainable development, the yardstick for the evaluation of firms has included their social and environmental performances. The study, therefore, examined the effect of corporate social responsibility on the financial performance of listed manufacturing firms in Nigeria; by incorporating employee relations and diversity. The study covered consumer goods, basic materials and industrial sectors because of their high dominance in the manufacturing sector. A total of 74 firms form the population; out of which 27 firms were selected using the Purposive Sampling Technique. Data were collected from annual reports of selected firms; and the Nigerian Stock Exchange factbook for the period of 2002-2016. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics and ARDL co-integration test; in order to determine the short-run and long-run effect of the variables. The study found that community relations, employee relation, board diversity and board size have a significant positive relationship with return on assets in the short run while only community relation and board diversity are significant in the long run. The study concluded that social factors are significant in explaining financial performance. It is therefore recommended that corporate social responsibility of firms should go beyond community relations alone but extend to other social factors to maximize financial performance.

     

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    Igbekoyi Olusola Esther, Department of Accounting, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected]; +2348036352377

    Keywords

    Corporate Social Responsibility Community Relations Employee Relations Board Diversity Board Size Financial Performance
  • Author: Olumide Ayeniyo Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 38-51

    Technology adoption and its implications for workers’ commitment in adekunle ajasin university, akungba-akoko, ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between technology adoption and workers’ commitment for improved organizational performance in Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko. In order to achieve this set objective, multi-stage sampling technique was adopted to sample 150 copies of questionnaire on academic staff of the university, across all its faculties and academic departments, out of the existing 452 that were on the payroll of the university. In all, 124 copies were retrieved and found analyzable. The response rate analysis of retrieved questionnaire was put at 82.6%. The study adopted a 5-point rating scale to dichotomize the appropriate variables. The obtained data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics.  The study shows that there was a significant positive relationship between ICT adoption and workers’ commitment (t = 2.86; p≤ 0.05) and there was a significant relationship between workers’ perception of ICT deployment (r = 0.68; p≤ 0.05) and workers’ commitment.

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    Olumide Ayeniyo, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Social & Management Sciences, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail:[email protected] Phone: +234(0)8034363635

    Keywords

    Technology Adoption Commiment Workers
  • Author: Agbaje Wale Henry Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 52-59

    Accounting and state economic policies formulation: an historical review of egypt accounting

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study examines accounting and state economic policies formulation: An historical review of Egypt accounting. Egypt has developed various accounting systems to focus on proper accountability using agrarian and pharaonic systems but the majority of these studies did not consider the system as a way of fashioning state economically. There is a perennial gap between agrarian and pharaonic systems and economic policies; despite the presence of an accounting system. The study found that the evolution of accounting in Egypt demonstrates its ability to adapt in response to state economic policies. It was further revealed that the agrarian and pharaonic eras can help in formulating state economic policies. The study concluded that evidence showed that agrarian and pharaonic systems can form the basis for fashioning state economic policies. It is recommended that the countries like Nigeria can adopt Egypt agrarian and pharaonic systems to fashion out their state economic policies which principally centred on equal distribution of resources and a better accountability system. 

     

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    Agbaje Wale Henry, Department of Accounting, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], Phone: +2348134587169

    Keywords

    Economic Policies History Agrarian Era Pharaonic Era Mixed Economic System
  • Author: I.I. SULE, H. E. MONYE-EMINA, & E.O Oladutire Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 60-80

    An assessment of csr practices in nigeria: the bankruptcy risk perspective

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The concept of CSR and its impact on several firm performance measures have received a lot of research attention, howbeit with differing outcomes. In spite of the massive availability of literature in this area of study, not much is known about the pattern of CSR engagement by Nigeria companies and their relationship with bankruptcy risk. This is against the backdrop of the outcome of most recent studies which suggest that the majority of Nigerian companies, performance-wise, are in the “distress zone”. This study is thus motivated to review the CSR practice in Nigeria by making a case for its possible relationship with bankruptcy risk. Drawing from the theoretical lens of stakeholder theory, the study adopted the exploratory research design approach and relied majorly on positions and findings of existing related literature. The paper took a position that the pattern of CSR engagement by most Nigerian companies to the line of philanthropy. The outcome of the review studies, the paper conjecture a likelihood that engaging in CSR mitigates bankruptcy risk; however, there is little empirical evidence to buttress the assumption in the Nigerian context. The study developed two conceptual frameworks to be empirically tested by future studies.

     

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    H.E. Monye-Emina, Department of Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Benin, Bebin City, Edo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] , Phone: +234-0703514840

    Keywords

    Bankruptcy Risk CSR Firm Performance Stakeholder Financial Performance
  • Author: OTAPO Toyin Waliu & ADEDAYO Olawale Clement Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 81-90

    Escalating debt and economic growth in nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study examined the effect of escalating debts on the Nigerian economy. The paper analyzed data collected from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Statistical bulletin using descriptive and inferential statistics for 37 years. The real gross domestic product (RGDP) was captured as the dependent variable, while the explanatory variables included external debt (EXD) and domestic debt (DSD).  The augmented dickey fuller (ADF), the error correction model (ECM) and Johansen’s Co-integration test were testing methods used in the study. These variables measured the effect of escalating debt on the Nigerian economy for the period of 1980 to 2016. The mean and median statistics of the variables showed that all the variables were positively skewed and their mean was significantly greater than their median due to its volatility in the economic system of Nigeria. The descriptive statistics and correlation analysis showed that there was a positive relationship between real gross domestic product (RGDP), external debt (EXD) and domestic debt (DSD). The analyses revealed that external debt had a negative and insignificant effect on economic growth; on the contrary, the domestic debt had a positive and significant effect on economic growth. However, the F statistics revealed that jointly external debt and domestic debt have a significant effects on economic growth. External debt and domestic debt were positively correlated to RGDP in the range of 27.14% and 98.67% respectively. The policy direction is for the government to deploy debt for the improvement of productive capacity in other to engender increased employment, price stability and balance of payment equilibrium. 

     

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    Otapo Toyin Waliu, Department of Banking and Finance, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected] +2348052602938

    Keywords

    Gross Domestic Product Domestic Debt External Debt
  • Author: Adegboyegun, A.E, Ademola, A.O, & Kazeem, B.L.O Volume: 12(3) 02/07/2021 Page: 91-106

    Financial inclusion and economic growth in nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The presence of shadow money which has weakened the effectiveness of the monetary policy has been widely attributed to financial exclusion. As a result, the Central Bank of Nigeria since 2010 adopted financial inclusion as one of its goals for subsequent years. Explicitly, the rationale behind this is to guarantee financial access for all which can alleviate poverty, enhance employment creation and improve credit creation. Thus, the target is to absorb the unbanked populace largely in the informal sector into the formal financial system. Therefore, the study assessed the impact of financial inclusion on economic growth in Nigeria. The Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) and Causality techniques were used to analyse data for variables viz; Gross Domestic Product, Loans to Rural Areas, Deposits from Rural Areas, Number of Bank Branches and Interest Rate for the period 1986-2018. The study discovered that financial inclusion has significant positive effect on economic growth while interest rate has a significant negative impact on economic growth. Meanwhile, the causality test revealed a unidirectional causality from economic growth to financial inclusion majorly through the channel of loans to rural areas. Thus, due to the credence given to financial inclusion by the empirical results in the study as well as the role of economic growth in driving inclusion, it is recommended that loans extended to rural areas should be granted at lower and affordable rates with less bureaucratic demands as this factor is a major inclusion variable that guarantees growth according to the empirical findings.

     

     

     

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    Adegboyegun, A. E, Department of Accounting, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected], Tel: +234 806 723 8841

    Keywords

    Financial Aceess Financial Inclusion Financial Intermediation Financial Reporting
  • Author: Eludoyin, Oyenike Mary & Olatunde, Adeoluwa Joseph Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 1-11

    Thermal condition over an industrial area in southwestern nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study examined selected thermal comfort indices over Oluyole Industrial region in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Specific objectives were to describe the thermal condition of the selected industrial region and examine the relationship between the unitary and integrative indices over the area. Temperature and relative humidity data were collected using a whirling psychrometer. Dew point temperature and heat index or humidex temperature (temperature felt by the skin rather than the actual temperature due to the humidity level) were calculated by using Fanger’s formula in an NOAA’s weather calculator. The study showed that the average temperature was 35.2oC while the average relative humidity was 51%, and the dewpoint temperature and heat index was 22.8oC and 41.9oC, respectively. Dewpoint temperature was shown to relate stronger with the heat index, and lesser with either air temperature or relative humidity. The study concluded that residents in the industrial region are likely to feel warmer than the ambient air temperature, and this is associated with the effect of the industrial activities in the area. The study recommends greening of the industrial area for effective reduction of the heat stress in an industrial region. It also suggests policy for adequate monitoring of industrial regions for significant temperature change.

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    Eludoyin, Oyenike Mary Department of Geography and Planning Sciences Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko Ondo State, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected], +2348037775506

    Keywords

    Dewpoint Temperature Heat Index Industrial Area Thermal Indices
  • Author: Ihinmoyan Timothy & Dennis Uba Donald Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 12-18

    Consumerspace: shaping the role of business administration in hospital management and its implication on patient decision-making process

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The long-standing criticisms of healthcare products is that it is aimed at making profits, through persuading patients that they have need of certain products and how it would make them healthier, happier and project them as well-off or at least bourgeois in the society to which they belong. This matter is intricate especially in hospital management and is certainly worth considering in a bid to understand whether marketers in healthcare systems offer self-motivated products in what they think patients ‘need’ or what the patients actually require. This study is an explorative study, which attempts to draw attention to the importance of consumerspace in the emerging markets of Africa and its environs. In turn, hospitals and pharmacists develop new ways of proffering product solutions in catering for the need of patients. However, patient satisfaction has witnessed some criticism as it is believed that the marketing system creates self-motivated healthcare and societal demands, which only their products could satisfy. Notwithstanding, to compete favourably with global demands it is imperative for healthcare organizations especially those in Afrique Noire to pay attention to this phenomenon currently sweeping across America, Europe and Asia.

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    Ihinmoyan Timothy Department of Business Administration Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State Email: [email protected] Phone +2348033771852

    Keywords

    Consumerspace Healthcare Practice Globalization
  • Author: Busayo Victor OSUNTUYI Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 19-30

    Energy use, urbanisation and carbon emissions: implications for sustainable growth and development in nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The role of energy in any economy cannot be overemphasized. Agreeably, Nigeria is endowed with numerous sources of energy. Despite these sources, however, Nigeria still depends mainly on non-renewable energy sources which are drivers of carbon (CO2) emissions. Other identified drivers of CO2 emissions are urbanization and economic growth. This paper, therefore, examines the dynamic relationship among energy use, urbanisation, economic growth and CO2 emissions for the periods of 1970 to 2014. The paper also tests for the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis. The paper employs Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bound testing Approach developed by Pesaran, Shin and Smith (2001) to estimate the short-run and long-run relationships among the variables. The estimated results of the paper reveal that energy use, urbanisation and economic growth have significant impacts on CO2 emissions both in the short-run and long run in Nigeria. However, the paper shows that there is no evidence to support EKC in Nigeria. For Nigeria to have sustainable development, the paper recommends that there must be a paradigm shift from the current rate of energy use by which CO2 emissions are inherent to other alternative and low-carbon energy sources that are relatively free from CO2 emissions. The paper also recommends the establishment of efficient and sustainable urban energy infrastructure to control the growth of emissions in urban areas and that Nigeria should look beyond the EKC notion that economic growth is a solution to environmental pollution.

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    Busayo Victor OSUNTUYI Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko Email: [email protected]

    Keywords

    Energy Use Urbanisation Economic Growth Carbon Emissions Sustainable Development
  • Author: Dare E. AROWOLO & Adekunle AKINOLA Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 31-42

    Corruption, de-radicalisation strategies and boko haram insurgency in the north east, nigeria

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Northeast Nigeria is gripped with the threats of terrorism, which is linked with bad leadership, poverty, unemployment, pervasive illiteracy and extreme deprivation. According to the report, over two million children either have lost their parents or have been separated from them due to insurgency and over fifteen thousand people have been killed. The need to ensure peace in the northeast has gained currency in the intellectual space. However, there has been insufficient interrogation of the relationship between corruption and the deradicalisation process, including the effects of this relationship on Boko Haram insurgency in northeast, Nigeria. This article examined the effects of corruption on deradicalisation strategies of the government and the escalation of insurgency in the region. Using in-depth interviews, the article found evidence that the insurgents had more credible intelligence about the moves and strategies of the armed forces than the latter had on the former, and that military approach alone was inadequate. The findings revealed the dynamics of the relationship and existing social ties between the insurgents and the locals on the one hand and between the military and the locals on the other hand.

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    Dare E. AROWOLO Department of Political Science and Public Administration AdekunleAjasin University, AkungbaAkoko Ondo State, Nigeria [email protected]/+2348035774375

    Keywords

    Corruption Deradicalisation Insecurity Insurgency Terrorism
  • Author: Adeleye Olabanji Kelvin & Shittu, Muritala Oluwanife O. Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 43-47

    Inflation, manufacturing output and economic growth; nigeria experience (1980-2018)

    Corresponding Author [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study's purpose was to examine the relationship between inflation, manufacturing sector and economic growth in Nigeria over the period 1980 to 2017 using econometrics analysis (Ordinary Least Square (OLS)). The study performed several pre-test and post-test: such as unit root, co-integration, etc. and it was confirmed that the spurious relationship and serial correlation do not exist among the adopted variables for this study. The ECT was correctly signed and the result showed that there is an insignificant inverse relationship between inflation and GDP on one hand and an insignificant direct relationship between manufacturing output and economic growth on another. The Enger Granger Causality test indicated that no causal relationship existed between inflation and economic growth or economic growth to inflation. However, a causal relationship existed between manufacturing out and economic growth. This implies that as manufacturing productivity increases, it tends to increase economic growth in Nigeria in the years under study. The paper recommended that the inflationary rate must be monitored and curtailed to a single digit so that growth can be sustained, diversification of the economy to enhance the performance of the manufacturing sector activities in Nigeria.

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    Adeleye Olabanji Kelvin Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. [email protected] 08137573880

    Keywords

    Manufacturing Inflation Economic Growth
  • Author: Addendum- Adeleye et al 2018 Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 48-54

    Addendum- adeleye et al 2018

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    Addendum- Adeleye et al 2018

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    Addendum- Adeleye et al 2018

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    Addendum- Adeleye Et Al 2018
  • Author: Bayo Fatukasi Ph.D & Moses Oyeyemi Agbede Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 56-68

    Trade openness volatility and economic growth in nigeria

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  • ABSTRACT

    Article has no reference added yet.

    The study investigated the impact of trade openness volatility on economic growth in Nigeria. Time-series data were used for the study sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin and World Bank Indicator, which spanned from 1986 to 2017. Considering the volatility of total natural resources rents, oil revenue exchange rate and non-oil export revenue, the study used unit root test, co-integration test and employed Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasity GARCH (1 1) for empirical analysis. The Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Philips Perron (PP) tests showed that all variables were stationary at the first difference at both tests while Johansen co-integration test result showed 5 co-integrating equations at the 0.05 level. The findings revealed that trade openness, total natural resources rents, oil revenue, exchange rate and interest rate impact positively on economic growth. On the other hand, non-oil revenue has a negative impact on economic growth. The ARCH term found the presence of volatility clustering in the variables investigated while the GARCH term ascertained the existence of long term persistence volatility in economic growth. Based on the findings, the study recommended adequate policies to improve non-oil export to contribute significantly to economic growth. There is a need to diversifying the product's base of the economy and building local capacity to make trade openness profitable to Nigeria economy. Effective and efficient channelling of oil revenue to develop other sectors should be prioritised to reduce the impact of volatility clustering on oil revenue in Nigeria.

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    Moses Oyeyemi Agbede Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria

    Keywords

    Trade Openness Volatility Oil Revenue Non-oil Revenue Economic Growth
  • Author: Micah Damilola John Volume: 10(1) 2018 Page: 69-84

    Welfare service and employees’ motivation in guiness company, lagos nigeria

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    This study investigated the influence of welfare package on employees’ motivation in a Nigerian brewery company. The multistage sampling technique was used to select 150 respondents on whom questionnaires were administered. In-depth Interviews (IDIs) were also conducted. The mean age of respondents was 29 giving a standard deviation of 2.3 and with the prevalence of male (63.3%), married (70.0%), income N110,001 and above (46.0%) and Bachelor Degree (44.7%). Access to welfare packages consisted of medical health care (91.3%), car loan (76.0%), staff housing (19.3%) and off/on the job training (90.7%) and (89.3%) respectively. Consequently, 85.3% of the employees expressed a high level of motivation due to the welfare services available. At the levels of employees’ status, professionals (69.6%), managerial (88.9%), skilled non-manual (89.8%) and skilled manual (78.6%) expressed a high level of motivation. Respondents remained committed to the goal of the organization as there was a desire for job retention and readiness to sustain productivity. Employees that benefitted from the welfare package were excited and exhibited a positive attitude to sustain their productivity. The organization should regularly review its welfare package services to be competitive. This should be done by agreement between management and workers’ unions.

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    Micah Damilola John, Department of Sociology Faculty of Social & Management Sciences Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba-Akoko

    Keywords

    Welfare Package; Motivation; Productivity; Job Retention