Archive - Volume(11)
Author: Kudzaishe Mangombe, Lazarus Zanamwe, Collet Muza, & Wishy Chipiro Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 1-10
Socio-demographic determinants of birth certificate registration in zimbabwe: an analysis based on the 2012 population censusCorresponding Author
Kudzaishe Mangombe, Lazarus Zanamwe, Collet Muza, & Wishy Chipiro[email protected]
Possession of a birth registration certificate is a universal problem in most countries, but especially among those in the low to middle-income group. Zimbabwe has a Births and Deaths Registration Act first enacted in 1986 and revised later. Section 10 of this Act provides for the compulsory registration of all births, stillbirths and deaths. Yet, birth registration in Zimbabwe still remains incomplete. The paper seeks to identify predictors of birth registration among children aged 0-17 years. This paper is based on an analysis of the 2012 Zimbabwe Population Census using binary Logistic regression analysis. The predictors were: age and sex of the child, head of households’ marital status, head of households’level of education and employment status, as well orphanhood status of the child. Policymakers should take these factors into cognizance when driving for better birth registration certificate ownership among children aged 0-17 years in Zimbabwe.
Corresponding AuthorKudzaishe Mangombe, Center for Population Studies, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe. E-mail: [email protected]
KeywordsBirth Registration Population Census Marital Status Employment Status Orphanhood Status
Author: Shyngle K. Balogun and Peter O. Famakinde Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 11-27
Self-esteem and parenting style as predictors of cheating tendency in secondary schoolsCorresponding Author
Shyngle K. Balogun and Peter O. Famakinde[email protected]
Cheating is an obvious threat to the reliability of the student performance evaluation system because it results in an inaccurate evaluation of a student's academic ability. Hence, this study is an attempt to exemplify which parenting style would more likely increase the secondary school students’ tendency to cheat in examinations as well as identify the role of self-esteem in the cheating tendency of students. The study employed an ex-post facto design to sample four hundred (400) secondary school students in Ibadan metropolis, both public and private schools were included. A structured questionnaire made up of Self-esteem scale, Parenting style scale, Cheating tendency scale and certain demographic variables were administered for data collection. Results indicated that Cheating tendency is significantly inversely correlated with authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting styles [(r = -.675, p < .01); (r = -.669, p < .01) & (r = -.350, p < .01) respectively] but self-esteem had no significant relationship with cheating tendency (r = -.091, p > .05). Further, self-esteem was shown to have a direct relationship with authoritarian and authoritative parenting styles [(r = .177, p < .05) & (r = .152, p < .05) respectively] but did not significantly independently predict cheating tendency (F (1, 398) = 3.318, p >.05; R2 = .003). Parenting styles and self-esteem significantly jointly predicted cheating tendency (F (4, 395) = 112.22, p <.01; R2 = .527). The independent contribution of authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting styles to cheating tendency was also significant [(b = -.347; t= -6.393; p> .01); (b = -.388; t= -7.568; p> .01) and (b = -.117; t= -3.104; p> .01) respectively]. Result also indicated that public school students (X = 21.78, S.D= 6.8) have a significant higher tendency to cheat than private school students (X = 18.31, S.D= 6.8) (t (398) = 4.864) and that students not living with their parents (X = 20.59, S.D= 7.3) have a significantly higher tendency to cheat than students living with their parents (X = 19.29, S.D= 7.0) (t(398)=3.294). The researchers concluded that parenting styles have a large influence on a students’ tendency to cheat in an examination and that all three parenting styles discourage examination cheating, but the intensity at which they discourage it seem to differ. Appropriate interventions such as counselling, psycho-education and school crusades are needed in secondary schools to reduce students’ tendency to cheat in examinations.
Corresponding AuthorPeter O. Famakinde, Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. E-mail: [email protected]
KeywordsCheating Parenting Styles Self-esteem Students
Author: Akinwale Omotola Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 28-39
Relationship between firm characteristics and employee compensation: evidence from the non-financial quoted firm in nigeriaCorresponding Author
Akinwale Omotola[email protected]
The rising compensations are the result of inefficiencies in the market for executives and other employees which form the knowledge gap in this study. The objective of this study is to examine the significant relationship between firm size, firm leverage, firm profitability and employee compensation. This study employs a cross-sectional research design in which secondary data were collected from the quoted companies in the Nigeria Stock Exchange for the year 2016. Employee compensation is measured by the amount of money paid to the employee, firm size is measure by the log of total assets, firm leverage is measure by the ratio of debt to total assets and firm profitability is measure by Returns on Assets (ROA). The study adopts White Heteroscedasticity least square regression, Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) test and ARCH Heteroskedasticity for the data analysis. The empirical findings show that firm size has a significant positive relationship with employee compensation at 1% level of significance while firm leverage and firm profitability have an insignificant negative relationship with employee compensation. The study recommends that management should make a strategic decision against higher compensation for employees due to an increase in the size of the firm.
Corresponding AuthorAkinwale Omotola, Department of Business Administration, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected]
KeywordsEmployee Compensation Firm Size Firm Leverage Firm And Firm Profitability
Author: Aroyewun, B.A, Akinwale, G.A, & Eke, C.I Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 40-54
Suicidal ideations among teenagers in the university: the role self-esteem, personality traits and peer relation.Corresponding Author
Aroyewun, B.A, Akinwale, G.A, & Eke, C.I[email protected]
This study investigated the role of self-esteem, personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) and peer relation in the manifestation of suicidal ideation among teenagers in the University. Three hundred and fifty (350) teenage undergraduate comprised of 206 males (58.9%) and 144 females (41.1%) with age ranges from 16 to 19 years (M=17.62, SD=1.12) selected through convenient sampling constitute the samples for this research. Index of Self-Esteem, Big Five Personality Inventory, Index of Peer Relation and Suicidal Ideation questionnaire were used to obtain information from the participants. Hypotheses were tested with Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression. The results revealed a positive correlation between self-esteem and suicidal ideation (r = -.174, p= <.05). Also, personality traits of Extroversion (r = -.127; p<0.01), agreeableness (r=-.130; p<0.01), conscientiousness (r = -.129; p<0.05), openness to experience (r = -.128; p<0.01) had significant negative relationships with suicidal ideation, while neuroticism (r = .205; p< 0.05) had significant positive relationships with suicidal ideation. Similarly, peer relation had a significant negative relationship with suicidal ideation (r = -.0.119; p<.05). Lastly, self-esteem, personality trait and peer relation jointly yielded significant coefficient of regression R2 = .090 (p<0.05) with Fratio= 5.660on suicidal ideation among teenagers in the university.
Corresponding AuthorAroyewun, B.A, Department of Psychology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigera. E-mail: [email protected]
KeywordsSelf-esteem Personality Traits Peer Relationship Suicidal Ideation Teenagers
Author: C. Chris Ofonyelu Volume: 11(2) 02/07/2021 Page: 1-8
Optimal contract and incentive compatibility constraint (icc): some evidence from nigeria’s haulage marketCorresponding Author
C. Chris Ofonyelu[email protected]
The purpose of this paper is to show that covenants and legal agreements are useful exercises in enhancing equilibrium relationships between commercial drivers and their vehicle owners. Haulage business is one of such economic activity that is prone to principal-agency problems. In view of this, haulage firms and commercial vehicle owners do covenant their drivers as a precondition for employment. This study employed Chiappori-Salanie (C-S) test statistics to examine the effect of such covenants in mitigating information asymmetry problems among 50 commercial truck drivers operating under Akoko North West Local Government Scheme (ANWLGS) of Ondo state. Based on the findings, covenanted drivers were observed to demonstrate lower default likelihood than the non-covenanted. Drivers on fixed agreements showed lesser default tendency than those whose terms of engagement were unfixed. The finding from the study joins with Akerlof (1982) to suggest that effort commitment relates positively with compensation and that fixed covenant enhances performance.
Corresponding AuthorC. Chris Ofonyelu, Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria, E-mail: [email protected]
KeywordsIncentive Compatibility Constraint Optimal Contract Information Asymmetry