Journal: JOURNAL OF MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN EDUCATION AND HUMANITIES

Archive - Volume(4)

  • Author: Abimbola Olubukola ALU, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 1-7

    Relative prevalence of local item dependence of two major senior secondary school national examinations conducted in nigeria

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    Abimbola Olubukola ALU, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    The assumptions in all Item Response Theory (IRT) models include Local independence of test items, meaning the items in a test should not be related to each other. Sharing common stimuli, which is prevalent in mathematics tests can be a potential source of local item dependence (LID) which is a violation of this assumption. It is argued in the literature that LID results in biased parameter estimation and affects the unidimensionality of the test. In this study, the prevalence of local item dependence in the two major senior secondary school national examinations conducted in Nigeria and the resultant effects are examined. The research design adopted was descriptive survey. The population consisted of secondary school students in Osun State. A sample of 1800 students was selected for the study. The instruments used for the study were 2009 West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE). Data were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis, and t-test. Findings showed that LID occurrence in both examinations but there was no significant difference between its occurrence in both examinations (t = 0.205, p > 0.05). The study showed that both WAEC and NECO SSCE examinations were comparable in terms of psychometric properties. Based on the findings, it was concluded that assumption of Local independence of test items was disregarded in the process of constructing items for WAEC and NECO SSCE,  both WAEC and NECO SSCE exhibited occurrence of LID  Therefore, it is recommended in order to ensure test fairness that LID should be evaluated and fully incorporated as one of the steps involved in the process of test construction to

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    Keywords

    Prevalence Local Item Dependence National Examinations Students’ Academic Performance
  • Author: Benjamin Babatunde AINA Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 31-40

    Teacher-made tests: its validity and implications for students’ achievement in economics

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    Benjamin Babatunde AINA

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  • ABSTRACT

    The usual practice in the school system is for teachers to assess and evaluate the students with constructed items called the teacher-made test. The teacher-made test as one of the evaluations in the classroom practices to test what had been taught and what students had learnt in economics. Testing is an integral part of classroom practices that enhances students’ achievement; especially when valid and reliable teacher-made tests are used. It has been established that measurement instruments require systematic process of development and validation for effective classroom assessment. Principles and procedures of test items writing must be learned by the economics teachers so that the basic knowledge and skills to develop and validate test items that can be used to monitor students’ learning progress using the formative Teacher-Made Test, diagnose students’ learning difficulties with the use of diagnostic Teacher made Test and determine students’ achievement of objectives set down can be done. A table of specifications ensures proper representation of every aspects of the objectives being measured, giving the test instrument high content validity. Reliability is very essential in determining the amount of measurement error expected, so that one can ascertain the true variance of the observed scores accounted for by the true scores of students, which is the actual difference in the objectives being measured. It is concluded that Economics teachers be conversant with the principles and procedures of test development and validation processes or consult experts in tests and measurement for quality assessment tools to produce sellable students with good and quality education.

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    Keywords

    Test Validity Achievement Test Economics
  • Author: Mujidat Lola OLUGBODE and Oloyede Akinniyi OJO, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 41-51

    Evaluation of implementation of universal basic education in oyo, oyo state

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    Mujidat Lola OLUGBODE and Oloyede Akinniyi OJO, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study evaluates implementation of Universal Basic Education programme in Oyo, Oyo State. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and three research hypotheses were tested at 0.01 level of significance. The population for the study consists of all teachers and administrators in public primary and junior secondary schools in Oyo town in Oyo state. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 20 schools (10primary and 10 junior secondary schools) and the 200 participants for the study. There were 82 male and 118 female that participated in the study. Three hypotheses were tested at 0.01 level of significance. The instrument for data collection was a self constructed questionnaire titled evaluation on implementation of UBE programme tagged ‘EVOIMOUBEP’. It consist of four point scale of different degrees of extent, (very high extent (VHE(4), moderate extent (ME(3), low extent (LE(2) and very low extent(VLE(1). The instrument was validated by two experts in the field of education, Emmanuel Alayande college of education, Oyo. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.74 using Cronbach Alpha method. The data collected were subjected to analysis using frequency distribution (percentages) and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The results of the study revealed that implementation of Universal Basic Education (UBE) relates positively with teaching and learning process in primary and junior secondary schools, that implementation of UBE relates positively with both primary and junior secondary school enrolment and that implementation of Universal Basic Education had significant relationship with infrastructural facilities in the study area. Based on the findings of the study, some recommendations were made as there should be a nationwide UBE awareness and enrollment campaign, also physical and infrastructural development of the school environment to increase attendance of teachers and learners should be done.

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    Keywords

    Education Evaluation Policy Implementation Programme.
  • Author: Emily Oluyemisi ADENIJI, Ph.D and Amos Adekunle ADEDIRAN, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 52-61

    Impact of psychosocial factors on academic achievement of secondary school students in ogun state

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    Emily Oluyemisi ADENIJI, Ph.D and Amos Adekunle ADEDIRAN, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the impact of psychosocial factors as determinant of academic achievement of secondary school students in Ogun State. The research design adopted for the study was descriptive research of survey type. The sample for the study consisted of 150 participants which include thirty (30) students in five selected secondary school, one hundred and fifty (150) students selected using stratified random sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire was used as instrument for data collection. The result of the study revealed that psychosocial factors exert dominance not only on students' academic achievements, but on other aspects of life. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that psychosocial factors such as attitude, academic self-efficacy & interaction will significantly influence student academic performance most in the secondary schools, hence, it was recommended that  parents, teachers, governments, to give maximum support both financial and morally to the children to enhance their academic performance and government should also provide books, laptops and other educational facilities for schools to enable all students to have equal access to academic facilities. This will bridge the gaps between the rich and the poor students academically.

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    Keywords

    Psychosocial Factors Determinant Academic Achievement Self-efficacy Maximum
  • Author: Olukayode Amos ODEFUNSHO and Dr. (Mrs.) Rasheedat Modupe OLADIMEJI Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 62-76

    School-related factors and academic performance of secondary school students in ifelodun local government area, kwara state

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    Olukayode Amos ODEFUNSHO and Dr. (Mrs.) Rasheedat Modupe OLADIMEJI

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the school-related factors and students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Ifelodun Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria. Non experimental research design involving descriptive survey was adopted. The population of the study was all the principals and examination officer in 44 government secondary schools in Ifelodun Local Government Area. The study also made use of 263 senior secondary school students from each of the streams in the schools since they had been in the school system long enough to understand the school-based factors affecting their academic performance. Structured questionnaire titled:“School Related Factors Questionnaire” (SRFQ) and “Students’ Academic Performance Proforma” (SAPP) were used to elicit information. Descriptive statistics of the frequency and percentage were used to answer research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation were used to test the research hypotheses formulated in the study at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that teacher personality, classroom management, physical factors and teachers-students’ ratio were the factors affecting students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State. The study however recommends that these factors (teacher personality, classroom management, physical factors and teacher-student ratio) are expected to be improved upon among the managers and stakeholders of schools which would in turn not only aid the teaching and learning but positively impact on the effective performance academic performance of the students.

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    Keywords

    School-related Factors Teachers’ Personality Classroom Management
  • Author: A..B. ADAMS, Ph.D; A.O. AROGUNDADE and Oyeleke Adekunle Lawrence. Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 86-96

    Effects of problems faced by agricultural science teachers on academic performance of secondary school students in ekiti state: counselling implication

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    A..B. ADAMS, Ph.D; A.O. AROGUNDADE and Oyeleke Adekunle Lawrence.

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  • ABSTRACT

    Agricultural science is an important science subject offered in secondary school. It is also important source for the economic development of Nigeria. Therefore students’ performance in agricultural science is very important to the society. Recently, study has identified the inefficiencies in most secondary school pedagogical approach in teaching and learning science in Nigeria; for instance, the implementers of curriculum (teachers) are faced with numerous problems while the school counsellors meant to complement efforts of the school system in Nigeria are inadequacy. The study investigated problems faced by agricultural science teachers towards the academic performance of secondary schools students in Ekiti State. The study was guided by 3 research hypotheses. The study employed Multi stage sampling techniques in the selection of 30 secondary schools which comprise of 15 public and 15 private schools and two participants (agricultural science teachers) were randomly selected from each of the selected schools making total number of 60 participants. The instrument used to collect data for this study was a structured questionnaire and a proforma for academic performance of secondary school students in Ekiti State”. Data were analyzed using multiple regression. The findings of the study showed that fund is inadequate for the teaching of agricultural science with inadequate learning facilities. Among the recommendations; Ekiti state Government should make provision for adequate fund toward adequate facilities for teaching and learning of agriculture, as well trained and equip teachers in practical teaching, conference, seminar and workshop.

     

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    Keywords

    Agricultural Science Academic Performance Teacher’s Problems Counselling Implications
  • Author: Joseph Babajide OYADEYI, Ph.D and Olumuyiwa Olaniyi ADEGUNLEYE Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 97-100

    Attitudes and factors influencing science-based career choices among secondary school students in idanre local government area of ondo state.

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    Joseph Babajide OYADEYI, Ph.D and Olumuyiwa Olaniyi ADEGUNLEYE

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  • ABSTRACT

    In this study, attitudes and factors that influence the choice of science careers among senior secondary school students in Idanre Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria was investigated. Study population of 2191 SS1 and SS2 students was surveyed using a descriptive survey design. The study was guided by two research questions and two null hypotheses. Based on simple random sampling, five schools were selected from where four hundred senior secondary school students were randomly picked (200 from SS1 and 200 from SS2). An instrument called the "Students Career Choice Questionnaire" (SCCQ) was used to collect data.Based on 0.05level significance, t-test was used to determine significant differences between variables. Study results indicated that the respondents feel optimistic about careers in the sciences. Likewise, the findings indicated that students' choice of career in science is heavily influenced by practical nature of science subjects, childhood ambitions to become scientists, performance in examinations, employment opportunities, scholarships and financial reward. Nevertheless, parents' occupation in a science-based profession had the least impact on their career choices. The results further revealed that gender differences were evident when it came to attitude towards a science career. A comparison of SS1 and SS2 students' attitudes toward science careers showed no significant difference. In light of the findings, school counsellors were advised to provide students with proper guidance when choosing careers, and students should also be counselled that career choice is not determined solely by academic performance but also by interest and areas of inclination. 

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    Keywords

    Influence Career Choice Science
  • Author: Abiodun Edowonyi IMOUKHUEDE, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 110-118

    Principal’s leadership styles, school plant as correlates of students academic performance in ondo state secondary schools, nigeria.

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    Abiodun Edowonyi IMOUKHUEDE, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    This paper investigated the Principal’s Leadership styles, school plant and the academic performance of students in Public Secondary Schools in Ondo State. A descriptive survey was adopted for the study. The study population comprised of the public secondary schools in the 18 local government area of Ondo State. A sample size of 30 secondary schools which is 10% of the entire population was used for the study. The sample size was drawn through multistage random sampling techniques. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. A structured likert type questionnaire tagged “Principles Leadership Style, School Plant and Students Academic Performance Questionnaire (PLSSPSAPQ) was used to elicit response from the respondent. Data collected were analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Findings revealed that Principal’s Leadership styles and the nature of School Plant in Ondo State Secondary School is relatively unfavourable. The results showed that teaching and learning activities, work environment, the structure and nature of buildings and classrooms as well as the general teaching and learning atmosphere influence the level of academic performance in Ondo State secondary schools. The study recommended that school principals need to adopt appropriate leadership styles that will assist in motivating teachers towards the improvement of the instructional process leading to improvement in student’s learning and academic performance.

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    Keywords

    Leadership Style School Plant Student Academic Performance Secondary School
  • Author: Louis Okon AKPAN, Ph.D and Okeoghene MAYOWA-ADEBARA, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 119-129

    Students’ satisfaction with online facilitation provided by lecturers in national open university of nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Louis Okon AKPAN, Ph.D and Okeoghene MAYOWA-ADEBARA, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) is an open and distance learning institution whose aim is to provide education for all and also promote lifelong learning in Nigeria. Before now, students-centred learning was adopted. In recent times, online facilitation was introduced. Therefore, this study explores ways in which students are satisfied with online facilitation provided by NOUN lecturers. Qualitative approach was adopted for the study. Interpretive paradigm was employed as lens to interpret narratives from the participants. In order to gather information for the study, semi-structured interview was developed for sixteen participants who were purposively selected from eight faculties of the university. After data gathering from the field, it was subjected to transcription and coding. The emergence of themes from the coded data was analysed using thematic analysis.  Findings indicated that students found online learning recently introduced by the university management extremely fulfilling and rewarding. It was revealed most students used cell phones to join online class instead of laptops or desktops. Therefore, it is recommended that Tertiary Education Trust Fund (Tetfund) should provide laptops to all students who could not have one in order for them participate in virtual class.   

     

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    Okeoghene MAYOWA-ADEBARA Ph.D
  • Author: Olusegun Adeleke OBA-ADENUGA, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 130-138

    Work-life balance and work performance among nigeria bankers: implication for counselling

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    Olusegun Adeleke OBA-ADENUGA, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined work-life balance and work performance among Nigeria bankers and its implication for counselling. The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between work-life balance and work performance. One hypothesis was postulated to guide the study. The study made use of survey research design method. A total number of 100 sample used for the study was selected through simple random sampling technique. A self-designed questionnaire titled “Work-Life and Work Performance Survey (WWPS)” was used to collect the data that were used for the study. The data collected were subjected to corrections and the hypothesis tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result revealed that there was a significant relationship between Work-Life Balance and work performance. Based on the results of this study, it was concluded that employees’ work-life imbalance is detriment to increase in work performance in banking organisation. Therefore, it was recommended that for enhancement in work performance, employers should help employees achieve WLB by instituting procedures and policies that enable employees pursue more balanced lives.

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    Keywords

    Work-life Balance Employee Productivity Work-life Management Counselling
  • Author: Phillips Akinrotimi AKINNODI, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 139-144

    Teachers’ assessment of the adequacy of the chemistry component of the junior secondary school integrated science curriculum

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    Phillips Akinrotimi AKINNODI, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined teachers’ assessment of the adequacy of the Chemistry component of the Junior Secondary School Integrated Science Curriculum. Descriptive survey method, using the questionnaire technique was employed for the conduct of the study. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select sixteen schools in four Local Government areas in Ekiti State. The Local Government Areas were chosen purposively while the schools were chosen using random sampling technique. Data collected were analysed using frequency counts and chi-square statistical analysis. The study found that the Chemistry component of the Integrated Science Curriculum was adequate, professional training appeared to have much impact on the responses of the teachers and background in Chemistry had impact on the responses of the Integrated Science Teachers.

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    Keywords

    : Assessment Adequacy Chi-square.
  • Author: DORGU Theresa E., Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 145-157

    Efficiency in curriculum development in nigeria school system

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    DORGU Theresa E., Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    Curriculum can be seen as a series of planned learning experiences prepared for a target population of learners, for a specified period of time in a bid to achieve certain predetermined educational goals. One important point to note is the fact that any definition of the curriculum must highlight four important elements, objectives, content, methodology and evaluation. Curriculum expert are to balance a number of factor in their quest for efficiency, knowing well that efficiency is about making things work better by minimizing wastage in terms of materials, workforce and time wasting. This can be seen through the aspiration of the society and nation, learners’ aspiration, the nature of broad subject discipline, resource requirement, generation and general policy environment. This paper discusses the meaning of curriculum as a concept with specific focus on the school subject curriculum. It provides insight into the developmental processes and stages of the school subject’s curriculum in Nigeria and discusses problem of effective subject development in Nigeria. Lucid explanations of ways to review the school subject curriculum for efficiency are discussed.

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    Keywords

    Efficiency Curriculum Development School System
  • Author: T.T. OTUBANJO Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 158-165

    Education as a remedy for natural resources curse and economic development in ogun state

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    T.T. OTUBANJO

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined education as a remedy for natural resources curse and economic development in Ogun State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Population comprises of students in Economic Department, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred (100) respondents as sample for study. Two (2) research questions were raised and answered in this study. Reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha and data collected were analyzed using simple percentage. The research findings revealed that Nigeria is a very good example of a resource rich country that missed its economic development even with enormous resource wealth (especially the oil booms). The poor economic performance of Nigeria is attributed to resource curse. Therefore, education performs specific roles of bringing about economic acceleration because; it will enlighten the people about the repercussion of the economic recession in any country,   it will provide the experts who can manage the available resources and how to punish anyone who is guilty of money laundering among many public office-holders. Therefore, it is recommended that Nigerian government should get actively involved in financing educational pursuits in the country. Government needs to channel more resources to the capital segment of education like building of classrooms and laboratories, purchase of teaching aids etc. as these will help in enhancing knowledge, increased productivity and by implication promoting economic growth.

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    Keywords

    Education Remedy Natural Resources Curse Economic Development
  • Author: Anderson Paingha SELE, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 166-174

    Essence of teaching social institutions in social studies curriculum for socio-economic activities in isaac jasper boro college of education, bayelsa state

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    Anderson Paingha SELE, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study examines the essence of teaching social institutions in social studies curriculum for socio-economic activities in Isaac Borro Jasper College of Education, Bayelsa State. The study employed descriptive survey research design where questionnaire was used to acquire necessary data for the research work.  Simple random sampling technique was utilized to select a sample of one hundred (100) respondents consisting lecturers from Social Studies department. Two (2) research questions were raised and answered in this study. Reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha and data collected was analyzed using simple percentage. The research findings revealed that social institutions which seen as a micro-society that perform activities that help the external environment and wider society to make the lives of people more better. Therefore, teaching of social institution in social studies requires a good pedagogical knowledge of the concept of teaching and that of the subject matter. Therefore, it is highly recommended that there is an urgent need for government to fund education in all levels especially higher educational level. All social studies lecturers should undergo continuing professional development in methods of teaching and ICT instructional material use. And also, qualified and competent lecturers in social studies department should only be recruited to teach the course. This will help the students in the learning of the subject matter.

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    Keywords

    Curriculum Social Institutions Education Social Studies Socio-economic.
  • Author: Chidi Ethelbert ONYENEMEZU, Ph.D Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 186-192

    Mobilization of women for participation in community development programmes in ezinihitte mbaise local government area of imo state

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    Chidi Ethelbert ONYENEMEZU, Ph.D

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined mobilization of women for effective participation in community development programmes in Ezinihitte Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State. Four research objectives and questions guided the study. Descriptive survey design was used and a sample size of 200 women was selected from five women associations through random sampling technique. Researcher’s designed questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data from respondents. Data were analyzed using mean statistics. Result showed among others that women have not been properly mobilized for effective participation in community development programmes due to some factors. However, the study concluded that women should be encouraged and mobilized through skill-based education, adopting participatory approach among others to participate effectively in community development programmes. The study therefore recommended that skill-based programmes among others should be used as an approach in mobilizing women to participate in community development programmes and that traditions, structures, institutions and ideologies that have contributed to discrimination and subordination of women should be discouraged in the society.

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    Keywords

    Mobilization Participation Community Development Programmes.
  • Author: Priscilla Ngozi OKORO, Ph.D and Olumuyiwa Adebayo ADETUNJI Volume: 4(1) 2021 Page: 93-201

    Comparative analysis of decentralization of administrative power in federal and state government institutions for good governance in the contemporary political dispensation in ogun state

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    Priscilla Ngozi OKORO, Ph.D and Olumuyiwa Adebayo ADETUNJI

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study assessed the comparative analysis of decentralization of administrative power in federal and state government institutions for good administration in the contemporary political dispensation in Ogun State. The study employed descriptive survey research design. Population comprises of all Social Studies Students of Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State. A random sampling technique was used to select 100 Social Studies students of Federal College Education, Abeokuta as sample for study. The research instrument used for the study was a self-developed questionnaire. Two hypotheses were tested for the study. The data collected were analyzed with the use of chi-square statistical tool. The result revealed that, political decentralization of administrative power in federal and state government institutions significantly have impact on good administration in the contemporary political dispensation in Ogun State and the consequences of corruption on centralization significantly influence good administration in the contemporary political dispensation in Ogun State. The study recommended that, the failure of past attempts at decentralization in Nigeria administrative power suggests the need for institutional reconciliation’ between state and community through measures that increase the technical and organizational capacity of community institutions, while creating a more responsive accountable public sector. Therefore, there would be reason for sound integrating traditional and modern systems of governance as a means of enhancing community and district development.

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    Keywords

    Administrative Decentralization Good Governance Contemporary Political Dispensation.