Journal: JOURNAL OF COUNSELLING AND SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Archive - Year of Publication (2020)

  • Author: Prof. (Mrs) Mary Banke Iyabo OMONIYI Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 1-13

    Parental childrearing behaviours as correlates of anxiety related emotional disorder among normal children

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    Prof. (Mrs) Mary Banke Iyabo OMONIYI

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  • ABSTRACT

    In the family set up, parents continue to be the caregivers and playmates during the childhood and pre-adolescent stages. During these stages, the need for parents to manage the children’s budding autonomy in the hope of instilling a sense of social propriety and self-control while taking care not to undermine his curiosity, initiative and feeling of personal competence becomes very critical to achieving emotional and social competence. The descriptive research design technique of survey type was used for this study. The purposive random sampling technique was adopted to select 780 school children with the age range of 7 – 10 years from twenty primary schools in Ondo State, Nigeria.  The instrument for data collection was a self - constructed questionnaire adapted from the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire for age 6-18 years developed by Frick (1991). The questionnaire consists of three sections A, B and C. The findings of the study revealed among others a significant contribution of parental childrearing behaviours to children anxiety disorder (r=0.528; p<0.05). There is also a significant relationship between corporal punishment (r=0.182; p<0.05), inconsistent discipline and children anxiety disorder (r=0.424; p<0.05). However, the study found no significant relationship between children anxiety disorder and parental involvement (r=0.070; p>0.05). Corporal punishment was observed to contribute most to children anxiety disorder (β=0.363, 36%) closely followed by inconsistent discipline (β =0.277; 27.7%) while poor monitoring contributed the least (β =0.018; 1.8%). Parents were thereafter counselled on the used Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behavioral therapy (DBT) depending on the attitude of the child for positive parent-child relationship and positive mental health.

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    Keywords

    Parental Behaviour Mental Health Children Anxiety Emotional Disorder And Normal Children.
  • Author: Victor Ayebami TORUBELI and Peter Pereotubo AKPE Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 14-25

    Correlates of leadership behaviour in school administration among principals and teachers in public and private secondary schools in yenagoa, bayelsa state

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    Victor Ayebami TORUBELI and Peter Pereotubo AKPE

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the correlates of leadership behaviour in school administration among principals and teachers in public and private secondary schools in Yenagoa, Bayelsa State. The study used a descriptive correlative research. One research question was raised and two hypotheses were generated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The population of the study consisted of all principals and teachers in public and private secondary schools. Fifty principals and two hundred teachers were selected through the simple random sampling technique. The instrument for data collection for this study was a questionnaire. The questionnaire was self-developed and titled “Principals leadership behaviour and school Administration Questionnaire (PLBSAQ). It has a 47-item questionnaire divided into two sections. Section A contained the background information of the respondents while section B contained the leadership behaviours and opinions. The reliability of the instrument was ascertained by using Product Moment Correlation Coefficient from split-half method. The reliability coefficient was 0.78. Data collected were analysed with covariance and correlation statistics. The findings revealed that teachers in public and private secondary schools in Yenagoa, Bayelsa state had similar views concerning the leadership behaviour of their principals, and that principals of public and private secondary schools were in agreement on their leadership practices, which were closely related. Based on the finding, it was recommended that school principals should be democratic in their leadership behaviour, consult more with teachers before taking decisions, and modify their leadership behaviour to suit different situations and the school climate.

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    Keywords

    Leadership Behaviour School Administration Principals And Teachers Public And Private Schools
  • Author: Wasiu Olasunkanmi ADENIYI, Ph. D Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 26-40

    Entrepreneurial skills acquisition among undergraduate students of oduduwa university, ipetu-modu, osun state: moderating roles of autonomous motivation and self-efficacy

    Corresponding Author

    Wasiu Olasunkanmi ADENIYI, Ph. D

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study investigated the perception of undergraduate students of Oduduwa University toward the entrepreneurial skill acquisition programme and also determined the joint contribution of each of autonomous motivation and self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial skills acquisition programme of the University. These were with a view to providing information on the factor that could enhance entrepreneurial skills acquisition among the students. The study employed a survey research designed. Sample comprised 300 students selected across four colleges in the university. Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 200 level students who registered for the entrepreneurial skills acquisition programme. An adapted instrument namely Questionnaire on Entrepreneurial Skills Acquisition among Undergraduate Students (QESAUS) with three scales which measured perception of students on entrepreneurial skills acquisition, autonomous motivation and self-efficacy was used to collect data from the students. Data collected were analysed using percentages, linear and multiple regressions analyses. The results showed that 171(57%) of the students demonstrated a negative perception of the entrepreneurial skills acquisition programme. The result showed a significant influence between autonomous motivation and skill acquisition programme (F = 123.73, β = 0.477, p < 0.05). Also, the result indicated that self-efficacy significantly influenced entrepreneurial skill acquisition programme (F = 69.37, β = 0.335, p < 0.05). Finally, the result showed that both autonomous motivation and self-efficacy jointly influenced entrepreneurial skill acquisition programme (F = 68.49, β = 0.141, p < 0.05). It was concluded that autonomous motivation was a stronger predictor of entrepreneurial skill acquisition programme among students.

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    Keywords

    Entrepreneurial Skills Undergraduate Autonomous Motivation And Self-efficacy
  • Author: Florence O. OJEWOLA, Ph. D. and Olufunmilayo TAYO-OLAJUBUTU, Ph. D. Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 41-52

    Relationship between career information and career choice among undergraduates of adekunle ajasin university, akungba-akoko, ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Florence O. OJEWOLA, Ph. D. and Olufunmilayo TAYO-OLAJUBUTU, Ph. D.

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study investigated the relationship between career information and career choice among undergraduates of Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample consisted of 420 undergraduates, randomly selected from the six faculties of the University. An instrument titled Career Information and Career Choice Questionnaire was used to collect information from the students. Three hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 alpha level. Data collected were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t test. The results revealed that there was significant relationship between career information and career choice among AAUA undergraduates. There was no significant difference in career choice on the basis of gender and there was equally no significant difference in career information on the basis of gender among the students of AAUA. It was concluded that relevant career information is necessary if students would make adequate and worthwhile career choice and career decisions. This information should be made available early for these youths so that they can choose career that is related to their ability, interest and aptitude.

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    Keywords

    Career Information Choice Undergraduates Subject Combination
  • Author: Onijuni Olufemi OLATOMIDE, Ph.D. Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 53-62

    Psycho-economic adjustment strategies of retirees during the covid-19 pandemic in ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Onijuni Olufemi OLATOMIDE, Ph.D.

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study investigated the strategies used by retirees to cope with COVID-19 pandemic in the psychological and economic domains. The study adopted survey research design. The sample (n=16) comprised retirees from the teaching and medical professions, selected purposively, using snowballing. Three research questions guided the study. Structured interview was used to collect data, using tape recorder and manual jotting. Content analysis was used to analyse the data collected, using interview transcriptions, categorization, and counting of words and ideas into percentage and ranking. Results showed that the respondents mostly used spiritualism (81.25%), stigmatization (50%), repression (50%), and fatalistic reaction (50%) among others, to cope with the psychological demands of the period. Results further showed that the respondents’ financial conditions were worsened by large dependants (87.5%), monthly percentage pension reduction paid by the government (62.5%), and sending stipend to distant children (43.75%), to list a few. Also, the respondents took some economic decisions such as cut in the use of generator (75%), opportunity of living in personal house (68.75%), cut or suspension of use of gas in cooking meals, replaced with charcoal stove and fire wood (62.5%), among others, to navigate the period. It is recommended that during pandemic, religious institutions should be involved in search for solution, among other recommendations.

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    Keywords

    Psycho-economic Adjustment Strategies Retirees COVID-19 Ondo State.
  • Author: Emmanuel Oluwasina AYOOLA and Beatrice O. Ajidahun, Ph. D. Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 63-73

    Effects of cognitive behaviour and social learning therapies on aggressive behaviour of in-school adolescents in ondo state, nigeria

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    Emmanuel Oluwasina AYOOLA and Beatrice O. Ajidahun, Ph. D.

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study examined the effects of cognitive behahaviour and social learning therapies on aggressive behaviour of in-school adolescents in Ondo State, Nigeria. A 3x2x3x3 factorial design with two experimental groups and one control group was used in this study.  The sample consisted of 90 adolescents randomly selected from the secondary schools using purposive sampling technique by assigning 30 subjects to each of the two experimental groups and one control group. Five hypotheses were formulated. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and were collected by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that aggressive behaviour level is medium (moderate or average). There was a significant difference between the aggressive behaviour of participants in the experimental groups and their counterparts in the control group (F(1, 88) = 5.393). However, there was no significant difference in the aggressive bahaviour of participant exposed to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) and Social Learning Therapy (SLT) (F(1, 28) = .052). In conclusion the finding indicated that aggressive behaviour could be found among in-school adolescents. It was recommended that cognitive behaviour and social learning therapies should be used to reduce aggressive behaviour among in secondary school students.

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    Keywords

    Aggressive Behaviour Adolescent Parenting Style Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Social Learning Therapy
  • Author: Adeniyi Otuoze GBADURA, Ph. D. Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 74-84

    Relationship between self-concept and secondary school students’ achievement in english language in north central zone of nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Adeniyi Otuoze GBADURA, Ph. D.

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  • ABSTRACT

    This paper examined relationship between self-concept and secondary school students’ achievement in English language in north central zone of Nigeria. The research design for this study is descriptive survey using correlational study type. The study covered all secondary schools in the North central geo-political zone of Nigeria. The zone comprises of Benue, Kogi, Kwara, Nassarawa, Niger, Plateau states and Federal Capital Territory (FCT). There is a total population of 1,232,367 secondary school students in North central geo-political zone of Nigeria. The target population of the study consisted of all the 985,230 senior secondary school II students in North-Central Education zone, Nigeria. The sample size for the study composed of 1,500 SS2 students, drawn from an intact class of a randomly selected 50 secondary schools in North-Central Education Zone. The instruments used for this study are Adolescent Personal Data Inventory (APDI) and English Language Achievement Test. Percentage was used in answering research questions, while the formulated hypothesis was tested using Pearson’s Product Moment Correction (PPMC) at level of significance 0.05. Finding shows that 87.7% of the secondary school students sampled pass the academic achievement test. Finding further revealed that there was a positive relationship between self-concept and secondary school students’ academic achievement in English language. The researcher concluded that self-concept is an important variable in the students’ academic performance in English Language in North central zone, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that self-concept be given the deserved attention at home and by the school authority.

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    Keywords

    Self-concept English Language Academic Achievement
  • Author: Tosin E. AKINDUYO, Ph. D. Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 85-97

    A survey of coital positions of married couples in ilorin metropolis, kwara state: implications for counselling

    Corresponding Author

    Tosin E. AKINDUYO, Ph. D.

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated coital positions among married couples in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara State. One research question was raised and three research hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. Descriptive research design of the survey type was used for the study. The population comprised all married couples in Ilorin metropolis of Kwara State. The validity and reliability of the research instrument were ensured. Sexual Positions Questionnaire (SPQ)was used to collect data from the respondents. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency count and simple percentages. Also, inferential statistics like t-test and ANOVA were used to test the three hypotheses. Results of data analysis showed that married couples chiefly engage in missionary style of coital positions. Also, age, gender and religion do not influence married couples' engagement in different coital positions. Based on the findings, it was recommended, among others, that couples should mutually adopt the types of coital positions that will keep their marriages alive with glee. Both husband and wife should be confident enough to work against marital instability that could emerge from routine sexual position(s).

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    Keywords

    Coital Positions Marital Stability And Married Couples
  • Author: Joseph Kayode ADEYEMI Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 98-108

    Career counselling in a post-modern era among undergraduates in a tertiary institution in ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Joseph Kayode ADEYEMI

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  • ABSTRACT

    Career Guidance and Counselling is a vaguely implemented concept in most educational institutions, governmental and non-governmental organizations. The severity of the problem and scarcity of relevant information among university students have prompted the undertaking of this study. The study was conducted using descriptive survey research design. A sample of 200 first to third year students was randomly selected from the six faculties of the University. The data for this study was collected using questionnaire titled “Career Counselling Questionnaire (CCQ)” which explored the psycho-social factors that influenced students’ career choices. Data was analyzed using inferential statistics. The face and content validity of the instrument was ascertained by the researchers. Pearson Product Movement correlation was used to determine the correlation coefficient which was 0.76 which certified that the questionnaire was reliable. Data were analyzed using chi-square statistics. Result shows that parents greatly influence their wards’ choices of career and that students’ academic attainments/performances at the university level influenced their choices of career. The environment was another factor that influences students’ choices of career. Other factors are personal interest and advancement of science and technology. The study concludes that students’ choice of career is influenced by parents/guardians, their school environment, academic performance among others. Based on the findings, it was recommended that parents/guardians should be properly oriented on the extent they should be involved in the career choices and decision of their wards.

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    Keywords

    Career Counselling Post-Modern Undergraduates Institution
  • Author: Temilola Idowu OTUTU, Sunday Imoh EKPENYONG and Catherine Folake AYENI Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 109-118

    Age, gender, students’ knowledge and attitude towards hiv/aids in selected lgas of ondo state

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    Temilola Idowu OTUTU, Sunday Imoh EKPENYONG and Catherine Folake AYENI

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  • ABSTRACT

    The study looked at the Age, Gender, students’ knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS in selected LGAs of Ondo State. Descriptive research design of the survey type was employed for the study. The population of the study consisted of all public secondary school students in Ondo East and Ondo West LGAs of Ondo State.  Five hundred secondary school students were sampled, using stratified sampling technique. A self-designed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. T-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The results showed that there was no significant difference in students’ age and knowledge of HIV/AIDS, there was no significant difference between students’ age and attitude towards HIV/AIDS, there was a significant difference between male and female students’ knowledge of HIV/AIDS and that there was no significant difference between male and female students’ attitude towards HIV/AIDS. It was concluded that age of students did not affect their attitude and knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Also, sex of students did not affect their attitude but affected their knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Based on the findings, it was recommended that parents, religious leaders and guidance counsellors should encourage abstinence from pre-marital sex among adolescents. Government and non-governmental bodies should not relent in their educative campaigns of HIV/AIDS.

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    Keywords

    Age Gender Students’ Knowledge Attitude HIV/AIDS
  • Author: Stella Oluwakemi OLATUNBOSUN Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 130-138

    Domestic violence among couples in ekiti state: does spousal sexual satisfaction matter?

    Corresponding Author

    Stella Oluwakemi OLATUNBOSUN

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the relationship between spousal sexual satisfaction and domestic violence among couples in Ekiti State, Nigeria. The study employed a descriptive research design of the survey type. The population for the study comprised all couples in Ekiti State. Three hundred married adults were randomly selected from selected local governments in Ekiti State. Two Hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A well-structured questionnaire tagged “Domestic Violence Questionnaire (DVQ)” was administered to elicit responses from the participants. Data collected were analysed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and t-test statistics. The result revealed that there was a significant positive relationship between spousal sexual satisfaction and domestic violence among couples. It was further revealed that there was no significant difference between male and female responses on domestic violence among couples. The study concluded that sexual satisfaction played a significant role in domestic violence among couples. Based on the findings, the study recommended that couples should cautiously and intentionally be weary of the possible negative impact of not achieving sexual satisfaction and avoid it so as to attain marital fulfilment.

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    Keywords

    Domestic Violence Sexual Satisfaction Couples.
  • Author: Tolulope Oluwatoyin OLAYIWOLA- ADEDOJA and Oluwaseun Bamidele OSCAR-IRETOR Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 139-149

    Cognitive restructuring technique as a counselling strategy for reducing psychological distress of women with infertility problems

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    Tolulope Oluwatoyin OLAYIWOLA- ADEDOJA and Oluwaseun Bamidele OSCAR-IRETOR

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  • ABSTRACT

    Infertility in marriage can be devastating and should not be overlooked as it causes a major tension in life, imposes stress on couples, especially the women and threatens psychological health which include fear of divorce, decreased intimacy, despair, depression and anxiety. Psychological effects of infertility in the life of a woman can lead to tensions between families and also dissatisfaction of marriage. Psychological distress is one of the main psychological problems of women with infertility which has a noticeable impression on all aspects of their life. The severity and frequency of these stressors can contribute to negative outcomes such as psychological distress or marital dissatisfaction. In an attempt to curb the potential negative consequences of infertility stress, individuals and couples often use a number of coping strategies in an effort to manage the level of stress they experience. Cognitive Restructuring Therapy (CRT) has proved effective in modifying cognitive and behavioural deficits of cancer patients and sexually abused adolescents. It is proposed in this paper that it can be applied as an effective counselling strategy for managing psychological distress among women with infertility. The goals and principles of CRT, its techniques, model and applications for managing psychological distress among women with infertility are discussed in the paper.

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    Keywords

    Psychological Distress Infertility Problems Cognitive Restructuring Therapy.
  • Author: Christianah Olajumoke SAM-KAYODE, Kayode Oguntuase BALOGUN and Felicia Motunrayo FATOKI Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 150-161

    Gender issues, mathematics related disciplines and national development

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    Christianah Olajumoke SAM-KAYODE, Kayode Oguntuase BALOGUN and Felicia Motunrayo FATOKI

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  • ABSTRACT

    Gender is a sensitive issue in many societies. It is not uncommon to hear about gender discrimination among people of every work of life which is equally found being practiced in many religious organizations. It is generally believed that men and women are not equal when it comes to physical strength and intelligence, whereas, there is hardly any labour force where both men and women are not found making their contributions to the society. Both men and women are essential in building the nation at every work place through their existence, intellects, skills, talents and efforts. This paper therefore discusses Gender Issues in terms of Gender disparities in the light of cultural beliefs, religion, vocations and general outlooks. It also focuses on the implications of gender on work force and National Development. Suggestions were given on how to encourage women to contribute their quota to National Development in order to make the nation a better place.

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    Keywords

    Gender Mathematics Discipline National Development
  • Author: Amos Bawa AFFI and Maikudi Kwanza ALLAHNANA Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 162-173

    Influence of peer group and formative assessment techniques on economics students’ academic performance in nasarawa state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Amos Bawa AFFI and Maikudi Kwanza ALLAHNANA

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the influence of peer group and formative assessment techniques on Economics students’ academic performance in Karu Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The study used descriptive survey research design. The target population of this study consisted 53 senior secondary schools with a population of 4,325 students. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 256 students from 25 schools. Questionnaire on Peer Group and Formative Assessment Techniques on Economics Students’ Academic Performance (PGFATESAP) was used for data collection. PGFATESAP was validated by experts. Its reliability coefficient was 0.87 established using the Cronbach’s alpha method. Data were analyzed using Pearson Chi-square to test formulated hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. Findings from the study revealed that peer group and formative assessment techniques influence Economics students’ academic performance positively in Karu Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria (c2 Cal. 2.67>c2tab1.98). It recommended among others that Economics teachers and counsellors should be more involved in counselling students among peer group towards formative assessment techniques and their academic performance in Economics.

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    Keywords

    Peer Group Formative Assessment Techniques Performance.
  • Author: Jimoh Awopetu KAZEEM and Moyosola Jude AKOMOLAFE Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 174-183

    The influence of child abuse on academic performance of secondary school students in ondo state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Jimoh Awopetu KAZEEM and Moyosola Jude AKOMOLAFE

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  • ABSTRACT

    The increasing number of secondary school students abused, neglected and dropped out of secondary school, hawking and selling goods around the streets and school premises in Ondo State is alarming.  In addition, academic performance of secondary school students in Ondo State has been deteriorating to the concern of all stakeholders in the educational sector and society in general.  This study therefore evaluated child abuse as determinant of secondary school students’ academic performance in Ondo State, Nigeria. Descriptive research design of the survey type was adopted for the study. Nine hundred (900) junior secondary school class three (JSS 3) students from eighteen secondary schools in the three senatorial districts of Ondo State were selected through multi-stage sampling technique.  Instrument used for the data collection is titled “Child Abuse Questionnaire”. A proforma was used to collect students’ scores in English and Mathematics” Data collected were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specifically, frequency count and percentage were used to answer the research question, while Regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Results indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between child abuse and secondary school students’ academic performance in Ondo State (R = 0.62, p < 0.05). Based on the findings, it was recommended that classroom teachers and school counsellors should assist parents and guardians to avoid acts that would result in child abuse and neglect irrespective of their income status.

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    Keywords

    Child Abuse Neglect Academic Performance And Secondary School Students.
  • Author: Maikudi Kwanza ALLAHNANA and Bola Omotayo OGUNKUNLE Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 184-196

    Demographic factors and evaluation of marital choice among students’ of public universities in south west geo-political zone of nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Maikudi Kwanza ALLAHNANA and Bola Omotayo OGUNKUNLE

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study evaluated the demographic factors and marital choice among students of public Universities in Southwest Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria. The design of this study was correlational survey research design. The target population of this study consisted of twelve public universities in Southwest geo-political zone of Nigeria within the study area comprising 407,984 public university students. Stratified random sampling technique was employed to select the six universities from the twelve public universities. Students were stratified along male and female dichotomy before simple random sampling was employed to select 380 university students using Krejcle and Morgan’s formula. The instrument used for this study was a questionnaire titled Questionnaire on Demographic Factors and Marital Choice (QDFMC). The QDFMC was validated by the experts using face validity and Cronbach alpha method was used to determine the reliability coefficient of 0.89. Inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test formulated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings from the study revealed that educational level and level of income have significant correlation with marital choice among students of public universities in Southwest Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria. It recommends among others that parents should guide and lead their children properly in recognizing their choices, preferences and should not negatively interfere in their marital choice which may lead to regrets and pains later in the life of their children and university management should also organize seminars, workshops and conferences to educate intending couples with regard to choosing partners based on the couples’ educational attainment.

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    Keywords

    Educational Levels Income Levels Marital Choice
  • Author: Dr. A. O. AWOYEMI, Dr. S. K. AJIBOYE and Prof. A. A. ADEGOKE Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 197-218

    Modelling as a counselling technique for reducing delinquent behaviour among in-school adolescents in nigeria

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    Dr. A. O. AWOYEMI, Dr. S. K. AJIBOYE and Prof. A. A. ADEGOKE

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  • ABSTRACT

    Adolescence is a time of transition involving multi-dimensional changes: biological, psychological, including cognitive and social. Adolescents experience social changes through various agents such as the roles they are assumed to play in the family, community and school. The adolescent has needs and problems that arise from organic, psychological and social pressures. These pressures in turn exert influences on them, which makes them exhibit behaviours that are not in consonance with the societal norms leading to delinquency. This might be the reasons why in-school adolescents involve themselves in delinquent behaviours such as examination malpractice, bullying, stealing, truancy, destruction of school properties and even drug use.. Thus, this situation calls for concern in order to avert further damages that the phenomenon could exert on the society. The efficacy of modelling as a technique for reducing delinquent behaviours cannot be overemphasized. The technique has the advantage of involving both the counsellor and clients in the process of behaviour change and thus makes it participatory. This paper therefore provides explanation on the use of modelling as a technique for reducing delinquent behaviour; the steps involve are: attention, retention, reproduction and motivation.

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    Keywords

    Adolescent Delinquent Behaviour Modelling Counselling Techniques.
  • Author: Olutola Rachael BABAYOMI Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 219-227

    Causative factors of child sexual abuse among secondary students in akure local government area of ondo state: counselling implications

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    Olutola Rachael BABAYOMI

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined child sexual abuse among secondary students in Akure.  Descriptive research design of Survey type was adopted for the study. Using a multistage sampling technique, 1162 students (590 females and 572 males) from 6 public secondary schools in Akure participated in the study and their age ranged from 10 to 20 years. The participants responded to a 10-items structured questionnaire titled “Socio-Demographics Knowledge on Sexual Abuse” after it has been revalidated with a reliability coefficient of Alpha α=.87. Three research questions raised were tested using frequency count and simple percentage while the research hypothesis was tested using Chi-square analysis.  The result of the findings showed that 422 of the participants had experienced sexual abuse while 710 had never, 234 were female while 218 were males.  Result further revealed that majority first experienced the abuse between the ages of 8 to 12 years.  Result also showed that 61% of perpetrators were person known to the participants and only 39% were strangers. The study concluded that the prevalence of sexual abuse found in this study is high and there is significant different in modes of child sexual abuse among secondary school students in Akure.  Based on these findings, it was recommended that sex education should be inculcated in children all school levels and at home.

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    Keywords

    Causative Factors Child Sexual Abuse Secondary Schools.
  • Author: I. B. Ogunsakin and Y. O. Shogbesan Volume: 3(1) 2020 Page: 119-129

    Peer pressure and time management as predictors of secondary school students’ academic performance in ife central local government area of osun state, nigeria

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    I. B. Ogunsakin and Y. O. Shogbesan

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study examined predictive influence of peer pressure and time management on academic performance of secondary school students. The study adopted the non-experimental research design of the descriptive type. The population consisted of all secondary schools’ students in Ife Central Local Government Area (LGA), of Osun State.A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select a sample of 200 senior secondary school class two (SSSII) physics students for the study. In the LGA, ten secondary schools (5 public and 5 private) were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Three self-developed research instruments which includes Questionnaire on Peer Pressure with 16 items, Time Management with 24 items and Students’ Cumulative Academic Assessment Score record sheet in Physics. Peer Pressure and Time Management scales were trial-tested and Cronbach alpha of 0.67 and 0.72 reliability coefficients were obtained. The results of the regression analysis showed that a significant linear and predictive effect of independent variables (peer pressure and time management) exist on academics’ performance of the physics students (F 2, 197= 26.107; R= .458; R2 = .210; P < 0.05) with the model accounting for 21% variance. Also, peer pressure contributed the most and time management the least. (Peer pressure, β =.663, t = 6.717, P < 0.05; Time management, β = -.315, t = -4.699, P < 0.05). It was recommended among others that secondary school students should be guided by school counsellors and teachers on proper time management and how to manage the negative effect of peer pressure.

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    Keywords

    Peer Pressure; Time Management; Academic Performance