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International Journal of Educational Research and Development

Articles / Papers

  • Author: Kolawole Olubukola Oladunni (PhD) Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 205-218

    Gender and academic staff turnover in public higher institutions in lagos state, nigeria

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    Staff turnover at the higher institution level, in particular, the university, is a serious concern for
    many researchers. It appears that this problem is not peculiar to Nigeria; it is common to the
    African continent. the predictors of low turnover may sometimes differ from those of high turnover,
    so also gender differences in turnover across higher institutions. It is worthwhile to examine the
    rate of males and females academic staff that are in these institutions made up of Federal and State
    Universities, Federal and State Polytechnics, and Federal and State Colleges of Education in
    Lagos State.The purpose of the study was to determine gender and academic staff turnover in public
    higher institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria. Anchored on ex-post facto research design, the study
    population was 3,333 academic staff (Federal higher institutions=1960; State higher
    institutions=1373) from these, a sample of 474 academic staff (Federal=190; State=284) was
    drawn using stratified random sampling technique and consisting of only those staff that had spent
    a minimum of 10 years at their respective institutions. The instrument used for data collection was a
    questionnaire entitled Records on Academic Staff Turnover from the Institutions (RASTI). The
    instrument was validated and found reliable at r=0.89. Guided by two research questions and one
    hypothesis, the resulting data were analyzed using both the descriptive and inferential statistics.
    Results obtained showed that there is high turnover in both Federal and State higher institutions in
    Lagos State. However, no significant interaction between the means of turnover on the basis of staff
    structure between Federal and State higher institutions, The result of the tests of between subjects
    effects that was perform revealed that no significant differences existed between the means of
    academic staff turnover for the type of institutions, (F(1, 116) = .067, p > .05). The results further
    provided that significant difference existed between the means of the academic staff turnover for the
    gender, (F (1, 116) = 10.236, p <.05).The results of the main effects were however not substantiated
    by the interaction effect result which provided that no significant difference existed between the
    means of male and female academic staff turnover in Federal and State higher institutions that are
    in Lagos State (F (1, 116) = 2.934, p =.089). Based on these findings, it was recommended that
    managements of higher institutions should create or encourage career opportunities and
    development for academic staff to encourage their retention.

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    Kolawole Olubukola Oladunni (PhD)

    Keywords

    Human Resource Management Practices Academic Staff Turnover Retention Academic Staff Structure
  • Author: Akinrotimi Iyiomo OYETAKIN (Ph.D.), Adejuwon Moyinoluwa Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 219-232

    Budgetary allocation and efficiency of university education in ondo state, nigeria

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  • ABSTRACT

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    Budgeting is a necessary tool overtime, it has been observed that when funds approved are released
    such funds fall short of either what was requested and approved in the budget. The purpose of this
    study was to determine the budgetary allocations and efficiency in Universities in Ondo State,
    Nigeria. Descriptive research design of the survey type and ex-post-facto design were adopted for
    the study. The population of the study consisted of the bursar, the registrar and the internal auditor
    of the universities. Data were collected using an inventory titled “Budgetary'' Allocation and
    Efficiency of University Education” (BAEUE). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to
    test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed a positive relationship between
    budgetary allocation and efficiency of University education [r= 0.884, p< 0.05]; also significant
    difference existed in budgetary allocation between State and Federal Universities [t-call =37.60,
    P<0.05]; there was also a significant difference in the efficiency of State and Federal Universities
    [t-call =-1.749; P<0.05]. However, there was no significant difference between enrolment of male
    and female students [t (4) =0.004, P>.05]. Findings from the study further revealed fluctuating
    trend in the budgetary allocation which transformed to a higher efficiency across all the
    Universities in the period under study. It was concluded that a good budgetary allocation enhances
    better efficiency in the Universities. Based on the findings, it is recommended that Government both
    at federal and state levels should ensure that there is regularity in the disbarment of budgetary
    allocations to the Universities, so that their expenses are catered for as at when due.

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    Akinrotimi Iyiomo OYETAKIN (Ph.D.)

    Keywords

    University Budgetary Allocation Efficiency Budgetary Release
  • Author: Dr. Mrs. Odunayo, Mabel Olufunmilayo, Bakare, Gedion Olusola Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 233-244

    Teacher- students' relationship and students' academic performance in pulic secondary schools, akure south local government area of ondo state, nigeria

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  • ABSTRACT

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    The study examined teachers-students' relationship as a crucial determinants and catalyst of
    academic performance. The study made use of four hundred (400) senior secondary schools
    teachers selected from the eighteen Local Government areas of Ondo State. A descriptive research
    of a survey type was used. The instrument used for gathering information is titled, Teacher-Students
    Relationship and Academic Performance in Public Secondary School Questionnaire
    (TSRAPPSSQ). The instrument was validated and found reliable at r =0.81 Three research
    questions were raised and two hypotheses were formulated and tested to establish the teacherstudents'
    relationship in public secondary schools in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo
    State, Nigeria? Data were analysed using Pearson's product moment correlation (PPMC)
    statistics. Analysis of data revealed that a significant relationship exists between teacher-students'
    relationship and students' academic performance (r =0.687, p > 0.235). Also, a significant
    relationship exists between teacher-student relationship and teachers' gender (r=0.652, p> 0.05).
    The study concludes that positive teacher-student relationship will enhance students' attitude to
    academic work and performance. It is hereby recommended that there is the need to improve
    teacher-students' relationship to enhance students' academic performance. Also, Government and
    communities should ensure provisions of needed infrastructure and other relevant learning
    resources to enhance motivation of both teachers and students' attitude to academic work and
    performance.

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    Dr. Mrs. Odunayo, Mabel Olufunmilayo

    Keywords

    Academic Performance Economic Development Teacher-student Relations Work Habits Attitude To Work
  • Author: ASIYANBI MUTIAT Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 245-252

    Effects of family instability and environmental factors on psycho-social wellbeing of adolescents in akinyele local government area, oyo state

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  • ABSTRACT

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    Psychological wellbeing among adolescents has been a debate among various researchers,
    families, government and educational researchers. The prevalent rate of poor psychological wellbeing
    among adolescents in different parts of the world gives room for concern. This study therefore, examined the
    effects of family instability and environmental factors on psycho-social wellbeing of adolescents in Akinyele
    local government area, Oyo state.
    The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. Three hundred secondary school
    adolescents were chosen from the selected schools through simple random sampling technique. Two
    research hypotheses were postulated and tested. Adopted questionnaire consisting of demographic section,
    and standardized scales on family instability, environmental factors and psycho-social wellbeing was used
    to collect data. The data was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression.
    The findings revealed that there was significant relationship between family instability and psycho-social
    wellbeing (r =.297**, N= 300, P < .05); there was significant relationship between environmental factors
    and psycho-social wellbeing (r =.250**, N= 300, P < .05). The two independent variables had relative
    significant relationship with psychological wellbeing.
    Based on this, governmental and non-governmental agencies, educational sector, counsellors,
    researchers and the policy maker have to assist in combating the issue of psychosocial wellbeing.

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    ASIYANBI MUTIAT

    Keywords

    Family Instability Environmental Factors Psycho-social Wellbeing Adolescents
  • Author: FADERO Emmanuel Oluwafemi Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 253-260

    Effect of lucozade sport drink for hydration on leg power of amateur athletes of adekunle ajasin university akungba akoko, ondo state

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  • ABSTRACT

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    The study investigated the effect of lucozade sport drinks for hydration on leg power of amateur
    athletes of Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba Akoko. The pre-test post-test research design was
    used for the study while the population consists of all amateur athletes of Adekunle Ajasin
    University Akungba Akoko, Ondo State. From which 10 athletes were selected as sample using the
    purposive random sampling techniques to select 5 male and 5 female athletes of Adekunle Ajasin
    University Akungba Akoko, Ondo State who volunteered for the study. A self-constructed data
    collection form was used. The researcher went to the training ground of the athletes to administer
    the data collection form for demographic data of the athletes before the vertical jump records were
    taken by the researcher. There was a significant effect of lucozade sport drinks on hydration and leg
    power of amateur athletes of Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba Akoko as pre-test (Mean = 2.58,
    SD = 0.17) to post-test of (Mean = 2.66, SD = 0.20). The University management should provide
    sport drinks to athletes of Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba Akoko to enhance the performance
    in sporting activities especially during training and competitions. This will keep the athletes
    hydrated and increase their chances of emerging victorious in their competitions. Sport drinks e.g.
    lucozade boost should be encouraged in sports so as to discourage athletes from using illegal
    substances (doping) for performance.

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    FADERO Emmanuel Oluwafemi

    Keywords

    Hydration Leg Power Lucozade Sports Drink
  • Author: OLAGBAYI, Akinsulore Eric Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 261-270

    Assessment of community participation in mosquito treated nets' approach to roll back malaria programme in nigeria

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    This paper examined community participation in Mosquito Treated Nets (MTNs) approach to Roll
    Back Malaria (RBM) in Nigerian communities. It posited that the resources invested in the MTNs
    approach is not having commensurate result judging from the increased records of malaria
    outbreak in the country. It equally remarked that the abused, misused and abandoned MTNs all over
    the rural communities could be due to lack of active involvement of the people in the design of the
    MTNs' approach to RBM. Various aspect of community participation would influence the
    effectiveness and sustainability of community development programmes with different magnitudes
    as the relevance, success, popular acceptance and sustainability of MTNs would improve with
    greater active community participation throughout the project cycle. To achieve the purpose of the
    MTNs' approach to RBM programme in Nigeria, it is suggested that community dwellers must be
    actively involved from the conception of the programme to the use as it has been seen that getting the
    people involved enhances higher level of responsibilities from within the people. This will make the
    MTNs' approach more acceptable to the people, facilitates its usage, and makes it sustainable.

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    OLAGBAYI, Akinsulore Eric

    Keywords

    Community Participation Malaria Mosquito Treated Nets Approach Roll Back Malaria.
  • Author: Esther Olubunmi OLATUNDE, Solomon Olakunle JACOB Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 271-281

    Attitudes and practices of literates and neo-literates in oyo state towards disaster management

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  • ABSTRACT

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    Natural disasters are unexpected natural catastrophe of substantial extent causing significant
    physical damage/destruction, loss of life and/or sometimes permanent change to the natural
    environment. In the early 20th century, natural disasters were reported to occur 3,788 times but there
    was a tremendous increase in the number of occurrences as it rose to 25,874 times in the early 21st
    century. There is a massive campaign against human activities that engender disasters but despite
    this, much has not been achieved in the area of disaster prevention and its management. This study
    therefore examined the attitudes and practices of literate and neo-literate toward disaster
    management in Nigeria. It sought the level of awareness of the people about disaster prevention and
    its management.
    This study employed the descriptive research design of the survey type. The population consisted of
    sampled adults living in Oyo State. Three thousand five hundred and twenty (3520) adults,
    comprising of equal number of males and females with equal number of literates and neo-literates
    were selected through the stratified random sampling technique from eight local government areas
    of Oyo State. A self-developed questionnaire was administered to this sampled population. The
    research questions and hypotheses that guided the study were answered using descriptive statistics
    and analyzed respectively based on the responses of the people. T-test and ANOVA were used to
    determine level of significance at 0.05.
    Findings of the study revealed that there was significant difference between the attitudes of literates
    and neo-literates in all these local government areas of the Oyo State toward disaster management (
    t= 1.225; p? 0.05).There was also significant difference between the practices of literates and neoliterates
    toward disaster management (t= 1.225; p<0.05).
    Conclusively, this study revealed that the attitudes and practices of literates in Oyo State differed
    significantly from the attitudes and practices of neo-literates and this thought to be connected to the
    variations in educational levels that in turn affect their awareness, attitudes and practices towards
    both man-made and natural disasters management.
    It is therefore recommended that government needs to be actively and practically involved in
    educating people through early warning messages and awareness programmes such as radio
    jingles, seminars, workshops, conferences, billboards, handbills on the various types of disaster
    and their management. Environmental and Waste Management Board should be made to function with sufficient provision of vehicles, human resources and other materials needed. All other
    stakeholders in the society including religious institutions should be made to join in the public
    enlightenment on this nagging issue.

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    Esther Olubunmi OLATUNDE

    Keywords

    Attitudes Practices Literates Neo-literates Disaster Management
  • Author: Esther Olajumoke, AYO-OLADAPO Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 282-290

    Learning resources and students' academic performance in french in junior secondary schools in ondo state

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  • ABSTRACT

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    In spite of the prestigious status of French language in Nigeria, it is lugubrious that Frenchas a
    language remains one of the avoided subjects at senior secondary school level. Studies indicated
    that students avoided it because they do not find French classes interesting and therefore do not see
    any prospects in it. On this basis, this study examined the effects of learning resources on academic
    performance ofjunior secondary schools in French in OndoState. Descriptive survey design was
    adopted for this study. Through simple randomsampling technique, six hundred students were
    selected across ten (10) Local Government Areas in OndoState. The instruments used for data
    collection were: Learning Resources and Students' Attitudes on Academic Performance
    Questionnaire (LRSAPQ) and students' previous test results. Two hypotheses were generated for
    the study. Data were analysed using ANOVA. The study found out that: French teachers'non-use of
    learning resources does significantly affect junior secondary school students' academic
    performance. Junior secondary school students'attitudes towards the French language does
    significantly predict their academic performance in French language. Based on the findings of the
    study, the following recommendations were made: that government should re-orientates and
    sensitisethe populace on the need to learn French language in Nigeria. In the same manner,
    government should make conscious efforts to provide adequate physical resources as this would
    enhance the study of French in Nigeria.

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    Esther Olajumoke, AYO-OLADAPO

    Keywords

    French Language Learning Resources Academic Performance And Junior Secondary Schools.
  • Author: Awesu, T. K Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 291-303

    Water safety information and consequences of uninformed water expedition among fresh university students in ogun state

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  • ABSTRACT

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    All bodies of water surface can be exciting to explore, but not without appropriate knowledge,
    attitude or skills. Such expedition is hazardous to non-meticulous persons. Water accidents
    resulting from non circumspection affect health and well-being of thousands of people every year.
    This paper investigated water safety information and consequences of uninformed water expedition
    among fresh university students in Ogun State. It is a descriptive survey, and the population
    comprised fresh university students. It was delimited to a public university in Ogun State. Selfdeveloped
    questionnaire (r = 0.79) was used for data collection. Gleaned data were analysed using
    frequency counts and percentages. The study found that respondents were inadequate in water
    safety information, relied on home and friends for water safety information, perceived drowning
    and bites from aquatic animals as common water injuries and reported lack of basic water skills. It
    was recommended that water safety education should form part of the students' course contents,
    social media / online safety site could be explored to discern credible safety information and
    uninformed water picnicking should be avoided in the interest of learners overall well-being and
    national development.

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    Awesu, T. K

    Keywords

    Water Safety Water Expedition Consequences Fresh Students.
  • Author: Ayodele, R B., Olawale, J.O, Olubayo-Fatiregun, M. A, Adeleke, O. R. Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 304-313

    Cause-form-impact analysis of girls' trafficking in south west, nigeria

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    This study examined the cause-form-impact analysis of girls' trafficking in South West, Nigeria. The
    population comprised all officials of the Community Service Organizations (CSOs) in South West,
    Nigeria. Six community service organizations were selected using purposive sampling technique,
    with evidence of official registration and easy accessibility via internet as basis for selection. From
    six CSOs, all the 18 officials were selected using intact group sampling technique. The instrument
    for this study was a self-structured questionnaire and records of victims of trafficking available at
    the centers within three years. Percentage and graphical representations were used to analyze the
    data collected. Results indicated that financial insecurity (41.2%), education disparity (26.8%),
    parents' dictate (14.4%) and parents' death (14.4%) were found to be main causes of girls'
    trafficking. Usual forms of girls' trafficking are sexual exploitation (44.4%), domestic servitude
    (28.1%) and modern slavery/exploitation (18.9%). Also, involvement in anti-social behaviours
    (43.1%), non-completion of school (27.5%) and emotional trauma (20.3%) were after-effects of
    girls' trafficking. This study concluded that girls' trafficking which occurs in forms of domestic
    servitude, modern slavery and sexual exploitation are often caused by financial insecurity of the
    girls. Families' economic empowerment and subsidized education for girls among others were
    recommended.

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    Ayodele, R. B

    Keywords

    Analysis Cause Form Girls' Trafficking Impact
  • Author: Olusegun O. Owolewa, PhD Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 314-322

    Effects of vocabulary instructions on mental lexicon of students in the oil producing communities of ondo state

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  • ABSTRACT

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    Pitiable state of vocabulary has been identified as bane of communicative competence of students.
    Overcoming this challenge is hinged on exposing students to different activities which could make
    them retain and use vocabulary in their mental treasury. However, the case of the rural oil bearing
    communities is challenging as students are deprived of quality teachers because of the terrain.
    Exposure to English language is reserved for few hours of interactions in the classroom. This
    appears to have restricted student vocabulary in English. It appears that no serious efforts have been
    made to upgrade student mental lexicon in previous studies. This paper adopted a pre-test, post-test
    quasi-experimental design. One hundred and fifty participants drawn from Apoi,Izon and Ilaje
    riverine communities were purposively selected for the research. The results showed that
    vocabulary instructions improved students' mental lexicon and that there was increase in the speed
    of participants in lexical decision tasks.

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    Olusegun O. Owolewa, PhD

    Keywords

    Mental Lexicon Vocabulary Instruction Oil Producing Communities
  • Author: Prof (Mrs) M.B.I. Omoniyi, Dr. Ogunkorede Agatha Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 323-333

    Repositioning education for socio-econimic and political emancipation of women in post covid-19 pandemic era in nigeria

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  • ABSTRACT

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    Contemporary world attention is today focused on education as an instrument of launching nations
    into the world of politics, science and technology with the consequential hope of human
    advancement in terms of living conditions, environmental development, socio-economic and
    political growth. Education is the force and bulwark of any nation's defence. Repositioning
    education in this post Covid-19 pandemic era in favour of women who constitute more than 50% of
    the nation's population, will be a right step in the right direction for national development. This
    positional paper, is focused on paving the way for more women in the political and socio-economic
    arena through repositioning the current educational system.

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    Prof (Mrs) M.B.I. Omoniyi

    Keywords

    Repositioning Education Socio Economic Political Emancipation
  • Author: Aremu, A. M., Awesu, T. K. Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 334-343

    Socio-economic and cultural factors as determinants of nutritional status of pregnant women in ibadan south-east local government area of oyo state, nigeria

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    Nutritional status of a population largely depends on the consumption of foods in relation to
    body's needs and requirements. Pregnant women are documented to require extra nourishment to
    make for demands of developing foetus. Nutrition during pregnancy is inextricably related to
    nutritional status, and it apparently depends on many factors, which influence outcome of
    pregnancy. This study examined socio-economic and cultural factors as determinants of
    nutritional status of pregnant women in Ibadan South East Local Government Area of Oyo State,
    Nigeria. The study was a descriptive survey research design, and the population comprised all
    pregnant women in Ibadan South East Local Government Area of Oyo State. The sample size was
    five hundred respondents selected using purposive sampling technique to cover the twelve wards in
    the area. A self-developed, structured and experts validated questionnaire which had Cronbach
    Alpha reliability value of 0.78 was used to glean data, which were analyzed using frequencies,
    percentages and Multiple Regression at 0.05 alpha level. It was found that low income (â = .434,
    p<.05), education (â = .133, p<.05) and religious belief (â = .217, p<.05) were determinants of
    nutritional status of pregnant women in Ibadan South East Local Government Area of Oyo State. It
    was recommended that pregnant women in the area should be educated on nutritional needs, be
    motivated to visit health care centres regularly and governments should make foods affordable and
    available to individuals, particularly pregnant women.

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    Aremu, A. M

    Keywords

    Determinants Economic Nutrition Status Pregnancy And Women
  • Author: Rose Jummai Musa (PhD), Ogheneyerhowo Monica Ejovi Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 344-352

    Effect of glosses on male and female senior secondary school students' achievement in english language vocabulary acquisition in delta state

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    Researchers in English Language have spread their tentacles in carrying out research in different
    areas of English language. This is because the study of English is important and plays a major role
    in communication. As our attempt to contribute to knowledge, this study investigated gender
    difference as factor affecting glosses on students' vocabulary acquisition in English language. The
    study adopted the Quasi-experimental, non-randomized pretest, posttest control group design.
    From a population of one thousand two hundred and ten (1210)Senior Secondary one (1) students;
    with a sample size of one hundred and twenty (120) students, two intact classes were used, which
    was drawn from two sampled single sex public schools of all male and all female respectively. The
    Vocabulary Acquisition Test in English Language (VATIEL) was adopted for data collection. Mean
    and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while ANCOVA and the
    independent sample t- test were used to test the hypotheses. Results revealed that there was no
    significant difference in the scores of male and female students. Based on the result of the study, it
    was suggested that attention be paid to gender differences in other related areas of English
    language.

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    Rose Jummai Musa (PhD)

    Keywords

    Gender Differences Glosses Achievement Vocabulary Acquisition English Language
  • Author: OLOWO OLUWATOYIN OLUSEGUN, ADEYEMI CHRISTIANAH OLUWAYEMISI Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 353-361

    The place of symbols in african culture: yoruba perspectives and the contemporary situation

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    African traditional society is very rich in cultural heritage and value and as such have various
    means of disseminating information and feelings among her people. Among Yoruba speaking
    communities, the means of communication before the advent of European men vis-à-vis civilization
    or modern development is popularly known as 'Aroko' 'Aroko' is a symbolic way of communication
    among groups, communities and individuals. This act of symbolic representations was put in place
    before writing in order to transfer values and norms of the indigenous society from generation to
    generation. Symbols, however, developed from traditional communication devices to modern
    devices. Part of traditional symbolic means of sending information include the use of gongs,
    gunshots, beating of drum, smoke of fire lightening among others, are means of communication
    among African societies, especially Yoruba in the olden days. This paper therefore focused on
    importance of symbols in African settings. Its cultural values and how to promote its usage in the
    present dispensation. The paper recommended that individuals especially youths should be trained
    to develop competence in decoding African symbols and ability to use these symbols to
    communicate in our society regardless of religious belief and affiliation

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    OLOWO OLUWATOYIN OLUSEGUN

    Keywords

    Place Symbols African Culture Perspective Contemporary Situation
  • Author: Elumaro Adeboye Israel, Olajumbu Adedayo Ayodeji Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 362-367

    Sport participation and academic performance among senior secondary school students in akoko north east local government area of ondo state

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    Most Nigerians parents usually concentrate effort and resources on academic development of
    the child and would rather give little or no consideration to sport participation for the fear that
    taking part in sport may impede academic performance of the child. However, sport
    participation contributes to both physiological and psychological development of the child, and
    by extension, intellectual development. With parents' apathy towards sport participation,
    children would miss out on the benefits associated with regular physical activity through sports.
    The current study investigated the relationship between sport participation and academic
    performance among senior secondary school students (n=200) in Akoko North East Local
    Government Area of Ondo State. Number of sports played by participants and the number of
    times participants played sports per week were used as measures of level sport participation,
    while the Junior Secondary School Certificate Examination results were used as the measure of
    academic performance. Pearson's correlation showed a negative relationship between sport
    participation and academic performance. It was recommended that parents only allow their
    children to have controlled access to sport participation.

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    Elumaro Adeboye Israel

    Keywords

    Sport Participation Academic Development Academic Performance Physical Fitness
  • Author: Ajao, E. A. Volume: 1(1) September, 2020 Page: 368-377

    Effects of two motivational styles; set induction and reinforcement on students' achievement in mathematics

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    This study examined the effects of two motivational styles (set induction and reinforcement) on
    students' achievement in Mathematics. Two research questions and one research hypothesis which
    centered on the two motivational styles were asked and formulated respectively. The research
    employed a quasi-experimental design of pre-test post-test control group at three levels namely:
    reinforcement, set induction and control group. The sample consisted of 99 students in three intact
    classes of three schools randomly selected from Badagry Local Government Area of Education
    District V in Lagos State, Nigeria. Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) validated face and content
    wise was used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument was established by Kuder-
    Richardson formula 20 and the coefficient obtained was 0.77. The data collected were analyzed
    with SPSS version 20. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions
    while the research hypothesis was tested using the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and
    Scheffe'spost-hoc analysis at 0.05 level of significance. Results of the study revealed a significant
    main effect of set induction and reinforcement on students' achievement in Mathematics. These
    findings revealed that the two motivational styles (reinforcement and set induction) enhanced
    students' achievement in Mathematics than the conventional teaching strategy. It was
    recommended among others that reinforcement and set induction should be incorporated and
    emphasized in the senior secondary school curriculum as viable motivational styles that can be
    adopted in teaching students to improve their achievements in Mathematics.

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    Ajao, E. A.

    Keywords

    Motivational Styles Set Induction Reinforcement Achievement