Journal: Educational Thoughts

Archive - Volume(10)

  • Author: Dr. Samuel Olufemi ADENIYI, Dr. Olaotan Oladele KUKU Volume: 10(1) 2020 Page: 1-12

    Psychological distress as correlates of social competences among undergraduates with visual disabilities in university of lagos

    Corresponding Author

    Dr. Samuel Olufemi ADENIYI, Dr. Olaotan Oladele KUKU

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Abiola, T., Lawal, I., & Habib, Z. G. (2015). Psychological distress due to academic stress among clinical students in a Nigerian tertiary institution: Comparison between medical and physiotherapy students. Nigeria Journal of Basic Clinical Science, 12(8), 1-5.

    Aromaa, A. & Koskinen (2004). Health and Functional Capacity in Finland. Publication of the National Public Health Institute, Finland. 

    Bergin, C. & Bergin, D. (2009). Attachment in the classroom. Educational Psychology Review, 21, 141–170

    Celeste, M. & Kobal Grum, D. (2010). Social integration of children with visual impairment. Elementary Education Online, 9(1), 11-22. 

    Colenbrander, A. (2010). Assessment of functional vision and its rehabilitation. Acta ophthalmological, 88(2), 163-173. 

    Douglas, G., McCall, S., McLinden, M., Pavey, S., Ware, J., & Farrell, A. M. (2009). International review of the literature of evidence of best practice models and outcomes in the education of blind and visually impaired children. Trim, County Meath: National Council for Special Education

    Gold, D., Shaw, A., & Wolffe, K. (2010). The social lives of Canadian youths with visual impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 104, 431-443. 

    Gray, C. (2005). Inclusion, impact and need: Young children with a visual impairment. Child Care in Practice, 11, 179-190. 

    Hodges, S. & Eccles, F. (2013). Loneliness, social isolation and sight loss. Lancaster: Lancaster University.

    This study investigated relationship between psychological distress and social competence among undergraduate students with visual impairment in University of Lagos. The study adopted a correlational research design. The population for the study comprised all the full-time students with visual impairment. Purposive sampling was used to select 65 participants with visual disabilities. A self-develop Psychological Distress Scale (PDS) with reliability of 0.77 was used to collect data. The PDS has two major sections with the first section used to collect backround information. The other section was further divided into four sub-sections used to gather information on sub-variables. Social Competence has eight statements, Isolation has six statements, Peer Communication has nine statements and Anger had 10 statements. The sub-scales were constructed in type 4- points scale of Strongly Agree, Agree, Disagree and Strongly Disagree. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regressions. The results revealed that isolation and anger negatively determined social competences of the participants while peer communication positively predicts social competence of the participants. The results further indicated that the independent variables did not jointly predict social competence of the participants but peer communication and isolation contributed significantly. Parents, teachers, non-disabled peers and guardian are also encouraged to help create conducive environment for individuals with visual impairment to have good peer communication, adaptable social interaction and reduced level of aggression. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Dr. Samuel Olufemi ADENIYI and Dr. Olaotan Oladele KUKU, Email: [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] Department of Educational Psychology, Federal College of Education (Technical) Akoka Yaba, Lagos State, Nigeria

    Keywords

    Social Competence Isolation Peer Communication Anger Visual Impairment
  • Author: Folorunso Obayemi Temitope OBASUYI Volume: 10(1) 2020 Page: 13-32

    Modelling dropout crisis in education distribution for developing economies with replicative ‘sir’ model

    Corresponding Author

    Folorunso Obayemi Temitope OBASUYI

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Acemoglu, D. & Autor, D. (2011). Lectures in Labor Economics [Manuscript]. Retrieved from http://economics. mit. edu/files/4689 

    Apenteng, O. O. & Ismail, N. A. (2014). The impact of the Wavelet Propagation Distribution on SEIRS Modeling with Delay. PloS one, 9(6), e98288. Retrieved from doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0098288.

    American Public Health Association (2018). The Dropout Crisis: A Public Health Problem and the Role of School-Based Health Care. Retrieved from https://www.apha.org/-/media/files/pdf/sbhc/ dropout_crisis.ashx?la=en&hash=45980EEE0E7AD5063B04AC8183C2B463AD3031BE.

    Balfanz, R., Bridgeland, J. M., Fox, J. H., DePaoli, J. L., Ingram, E. S., & Maushard, M. (2014). Building a Grad Nation Progress and Challenge in Ending the High School Dropout Epidemic. Retrieved from https:// files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED556758.pdf

    Balfanz, R. & Legters, N. (2004). Locating the Dropout Crisis. Which High Schools Produce the Nation's Dropouts? Where Are They Located? Who Attends Them?. . Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ ED484525.pdf

    Becker, G. S. (1993). Nobel lecture: The economic way of looking at behavior. Journal of Political Economy, 101 (3), 385-409. 

    Burrus, J. & Roberts, R. D. (2012). Dropping out of high school: Prevalence, risk factors, and remediation strategies. R & D Connections, 18, 1-9. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/ Richard_Roberts2/publication/233381528_Dropping-out_of_High_School_Prevalence_risk_factors_and_ remediation_strategies/links/09e41509e7ca9975a7000000.pdf

    This paper developed child eligibility, dropout and recovery (EDR) model to understudy the rate of dropout as a replica of the SIR model in epidemiological studies, which could be relevant to developing countries in dropout analysis. The study used simulation data to test the EDR model. Although the proposed dropout spread generic model was tested against real economic and educational data in this paper, the paper epidemiologically presented a social spread model for education distribution, which accounted for understanding the spread of dropout, stability and recovery node of dropout social education disease (SED)1 . Thus, the simulation data employed demonstrated an inverted U-shaped of the rate of dropout spread. Using the EDR technique with real economic and education data would be an improvement to the methodology of dropout estimations. So, a future study is suggested to be carried out using real educational and economic data to test the generic model developed in this study. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Folorunso Obayemi Temitope OBASUYI, Email: [email protected] or [email protected] Department of Economics College of Education, Ikere Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.

    Keywords

    Dropout Education Inequality SIR Model Education Distribution Out-of-school Epidemiology
  • Author: Dr Olatunbosun James ABORISADE, Dr Ayodeji Oluseyi IBITOBA Volume: 10(2) 2020 Page: 1-10

    Influences of gender and age on the performance of secondary school students in differential aptitude test in southwest, nigeria.

    Corresponding Author

    Dr Olatunbosun James ABORISADE, Dr Ayodeji Oluseyi IBITOBA

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Adebule, S. O., & Ibitoba A. O. (2015). Differential item functioning of senior secondary school uniform promotion English Language multiple choice examination questions in Ekiti State. International Advanced Journal of Teaching and Learning, 1(2), 1-6. 

    Ahmad, R., Khairul, A., & Aznial. O. (2006). On improving spatial aptitude through computer-mediated engineering drawing instruction. Educational Technology & Society, 9(3), 149-159. 

    Alnahdi, G. H. (2015). Aptitude tests and successful college students: The predictive validity of the General Aptitude Test (GAT) in Saudi Arabia. International Education Studies, 8(4), 1-6. 

    Alordiah, C. O, Akpadaka, G, & Oviogbodu, C. O. (2015). The influence of gender, school location and socioeconomic status on students’s academic achievement in mathematics. Journal of Education and practice. 6 (17), 130-136.

    Barmola, K. C. (2014). Aptitude and academic performance of adolescents. International Journal Research Social Science, 3(4), 372-382.

    Brian, S. (2011). What’s the difference between aptitude and achievement test? Complete Test Inc. Retrieved from http://www.test.preparation.ca

    Chapman, L.K. (1998). An examination of mean score gender differences and adverse impact for two test Mechanical Aptitude. Master’s thesis, California State University, Long Beach. 

    The study investigated the influences of gender and age on the performance of Senior Secondary School One (SSS1) students in Differential Aptitude Test (DAT). Eight hundred and sixteen SSS1 students formed the sample. A-62 item DAT was developed to collect data for the study. The items in DAT have discriminating power of 0.42 and above, and also with difficulty levels between 0.40 and 0.69. The students were tested in Spelling (SP), Verbal ability (VA), Numerical reasoning (NR), Mechanical knowledge (MK), Abstract reasoning (AR), Comprehension (CO) and Spatial ability (SA) with construct validity coefficients ranging from 0.69 to 0.83 and reliability coefficients were between 0.50 and 0.79. The overall reliability of DAT was 0.74. The result showed that there were significant differences in the performance of male and female students in SP, VA, NR, CO and SA while their performance were not significantly different in MK and AR. The result also revealed that there were significant differences in the performance of students in SP, VA, NR and MK in respect to students’ age group while the age groups did not significantly influence the performance of the students in AR, CO and SA. In conclusion, gender and age of SSS1 influence their performance in DAT. It is recommended that gender and age of the students should be considered while allocating SSS1 to subject areas

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    Corresponding Author

    Dr Olatunbosun James ABORISADE & Dr Ayodeji Oluseyi IBITOBA Email: [email protected], [email protected] Institute of Education, Faculty of Education, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, School of Nursing, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.

    Keywords

    Gender Age Differential Aptitude Test Subject Combination Performance
  • Author: Dr. Akeem ADEKUNLE, Dr. Jacob ADEYANJU Volume: 10(2) 2020 Page: 11-19

    Advertising strategies and students’ enrolment in private secondary schools in abeokuta metropolis, ogun state, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Dr. Akeem ADEKUNLE, Dr. Jacob ADEYANJU

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Adeyanju, O. (1997). The foundation of modern marketing. Abeokuta: Kunle Alayode Printing and Publishing. 

    Archibong, F.I. (2011). Deregulation of secondary education in Port Harcourt: Issues and challenges. Academic Research International, 1(2). Retrieved from http://www.savap.org.pk

    Bede, A.A., & Peprah, A.A. (2014). Assessing the influence of advertising on students’ enrolment in private tertiary institutions in Ghana. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 4(3), 55-65. 

    Berger, R. (2017). Navigating the growth pains of advertising to the education sector. Retrieved from https:// www.forbes.com?sites.

    Chand, S. (2014). Marketing management: Meaning and importance of marketing management explained. https://www.your article library.com

    Education Sector Support Programme in Nigeria (2011). Report on study of private schools in Lagos State. Lagos: Author

    Federal Republic of Nigeria (2014). National Policy on education. Retrieved from https:// www.academia.edu/35126579/National_Policy_on_Education.pdf

    The research explored the correlation between advertising techniques and students’ choice of Private secondary schools in Abeokuta Metropolis of Ogun State. The research raised one question and tested two hypotheses. An ex-post-facto type of descriptive research design was used in the study. The sample comprised 155 private secondary School Administrators drawn from Abeokuta South and Abeokuta North Local Government Areas using purposive and random sampling procedures. The information gathering tool for the study was a 32 items self-constructed questionnaire titled “Advertising Strategies and Students’ Enrolment Descriptive Questionnaire” (ASSEDQ). Data generated from the instrument were analysed using mean rating and standard deviation to answer the research question, while Pearson Product Moment Correlation was made use of in testing the hypotheses. The result showed that the most commonly used strategies of advising in private schools were radio, handbills, social media, roadshows, and direct interaction with parents. Significant positive relationship was found between media advertising and direct advertising strategies and students’ enrolment. Hinging on the results obtained, the research consequently, advocated that private school owners need to enlist the services of Professional Advertisers for effective results. Schools are also to engage in open house system in addition to creating Parents’ Advocacy Groups. 

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    Corresponding Author

    Dr. Akeem ADEKUNLE & Dr. Jacob ADEYANJU Email: [email protected], [email protected] Department of Educational Management, University of Lagos, Lagos State, Nigeria.

    Keywords

    Advertising Strategies Students’ Enrolment School Administrators Private Secondary Schools Abeokuta Metropolis.
  • Author: Maryam Saidu SALEH, Prof. Muhammed Wakili Umar GAYA, Abdullah ABDULSALAM, Ph. D., Dahiru Abdullahi Danasabe, Ph. D. Volume: 10(3) 2020 Page: 1-7

    Assessment of body mass index of staff in kashim ibrahim college of education maiduguri, borno state

    Corresponding Author

    Maryam Saidu SALEH, Prof. Muhammed Wakili Umar GAYA, Abdullah ABDULSALAM, Ph. D., Dahiru Abdullahi Danasabe, Ph. D.

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    bubakar, A. R., Lauder, W., Agyemang, C., Jones, M., Kirk, A. & Bhopal, R. S. (2008). Prevalence and times trends in obesity among Adult West African Populations: A Meta-Analysis. Obes Rev., 9(4), 297 – 311. 

    Adeogun, J. O. (2011). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in a population based multi ethnic female adult sample. International Journal of Contemporary Issues in Education and Psychology, 3(3), 139 – 146. 

    Adeogun, J. O., Setonji, N. A. & Owoyemi, I. O. (2010). Assessment of Body Weight Status of Lagos State 6 Assessment of Body Mass Index of Staff in Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State Maryam S. SALEH, Prof. Muhammed W. Umar GAYA, Abdullah ABDULSALAM, Ph. D. , Dahiru A. Danasabe, Ph. D. University Staff School Pupils Using Body Mass Index. Ghana Journal of Health Physical Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance, 2(1), 74 – 80.

    Adeyemo, A., Luke, A., Cooper, R., Wu, X., Tayo, B., Zhu, X., Rotimi, C., Bouzekri, N. & Ward, R. (2003). A Genome-Wide Scan for Body Mass Index among Nigerian Families. Pubmed Abstract, 11(2), 266 – 273.

    Amoah, A. G. (2003). Obesity in Adult Residents of Accra, Ghana. Pubmed Health Nutrition. Pubmed Abstract.

    Anate. M, Olatinwo. F. & Omesina. I (1997). Overweight and Obesity: The Role of Education, Employment, and Income in United States Adults, 51(2), 266-272.

    Antonio, H., Robert. E., Mercedes, R., Ariel, D., Water, M,. & Jose, W. (1998). The Association between perceived discrimination and obesity in a population based multiracial and multiethnic adult sample. American Journal of Public Health, 99(7), 1285-1292. 

    This study assessed the body mass index of staff in Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno state. Three hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive Survey research design was used for this study. The population for the study comprised of staff of Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri numbering 566 (academic staff 216 and non-academic staff 350). A sample of 57 (males 37, females 20) staff were selected for the study using stratified sampling technique with proportionate method. The instruments used for data collection were Stadiometer attached to the weighing scale (Metler ZT. 120 2010 model made in China) was used in taking the height and weight of the participants. Height and weight of the participants were used to compute their body mass index, using Quetelete Equation. Analysis of data was done using descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation, frequency counts and percentage. t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level of significance. All the hypotheses formulated were retained. It was concluded that there were no significant differences in the hypotheses tested. Based on the results of this study, it was recommended that there should be enlightenment on weight management, which should be integrated approach to physical activity, nutrition, and behavioural management

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    Corresponding Author

    Maryam Saidu SALEH, Email: [email protected] Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State;

    Keywords

    Body Mass Index Obesity Body Weight Height.
  • Author: Idayat Nike BALOGUN, Dr. Issa Nasiru OLOKOOBA Volume: 10(3) 2020 Page: 8-16

    Teachers’ attitude towards inclusive educational practices in upper basic schools in ilorin, nigeria

    Corresponding Author

    Idayat Nike BALOGUN, Dr. Issa Nasiru OLOKOOBA

    [email protected]
  • ABSTRACT

    Ajuwon, P. M. (2008). Inclusive education for students with disabilities in Nigeria: Benefits and challenges and policy implications. International Journal of Special Education, 23(3), 11-16.

    Alghazo, E. A. & Naggar, G. (2004). General education teachers in the United Arab Emirates and their acceptance of the inclusion of students with disabilities. British Journal of Special Education, 31, 94–9.

    Artiles, A. J. Harris-Murri, N., & Rostenberg, D. (2006). Inclusion as social justice: Critical notes on discourses, assumptions, and the road ahead. Theory into Practice, 45(3), 260-268.

    Avramidis, E., Bayliss, P. & Buerden, R. (2000). A survey into mainstream teachers’ attitudes towards the inclusion of children with special educational needs in the ordinary school in Local Education Authority. Journal of Educational Psychology, 20(2), 191-215. 

    Ebigbo, P. (2001). Rehabilitation of children with mental and learning disabilities in Nigeria: 22 years Experience of the TDCC, Enugu. Enugu.: Chez Enterprises. 

    Fakolade, O. A., Adeniyi, S. O., & Adeyinka, T. (2009). Attitude of Teachers Towards the Inclusion of Special Needs Children in General Education Classroom: The Case of Teachers in Some Selected Schools in Nigeria. Education Classroom, 1, 155-169.

    This research work explored the attitudes of teachers towards inclusive educational practices in upper basic schools in Ilorin, Nigeria. It adopted a descriptive research design. Eight schools from public and seven from private were selected, using purposive random sampling technique. 200 respondents were selected from selected schools using simple random sampling technique. One research question was answered and three null hypotheses were tested. Data collected through a researcher designed questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that the attitudes of the teachers towards inclusive educational practices was negative. The finding of the study also showed that, years of teaching experience is not a determinant of teachers’ attitude towards inclusive education as there was no significant difference in the attitude of teachers based on years of experience. Finally, it was also discovered that teachers do not have different opinion in their perception on the inclusive educational practices. Based on these findings, it was recommended that students with special needs should be placed in a separate school so that teachers who are trained specifically for students who falls into such category would equip them passionately with necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes that make them responsible and recognisable members of their society

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    Corresponding Author

    Idayat Nike BALOGUN, Email: [email protected] , [email protected] Department of Social Sciences Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin

    Keywords

    Teachers’ Attitude Inclusive Education Teaching Experiences And Upper Basic Schools