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African Journal of Politics and Administration

Articles / Papers

  • Author: OSUNYIKANMI, Adebukola Foluke (PhD), ARIYO, Ojo Olawale (MSc), IJIMAKINWA, Samuel Ojo (MSc) Volume: 2(1) March 2018 Page: 1-14

    Women and poverty in the niger delta region of nigeria: strategies for economic empowerment

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  • ABSTRACT

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    Nigeria attained independence on October 1, 1960 and poverty has remained one of the countrys problems since then. The case of the Niger Delta Region always attracts global concern because the oil wealth Nigeria comes from the region. Yet the people live in abject poverty. However, the improvement in government intervention since the presidency of late President Umaru Yar’adua has significantly reduced protests, kidnapping of expatriates, militancy, loss of lives and properties. Amnesty came the way of the militant youths through the Federal Government of Nigeria. This brought respite to the volatile and poverty-stricken region of Nigeria but the government largesse neglected the most vulnerable and deprived group: women. The amnesty granted by the Federal Government of Nigeria which included monetary rewards, overseas educational opportunities, vocational training and employment opportunities were not sufficiently extended to women. Thus, poverty amongst women in the region remains unabated. Using primary (interview) and secondary sources of data, this paper brings out in succinct details the causes of poverty in the Niger-Delta region, its impacts on women in the region, the strategies for lasting peace and accelerated development in the Niger-Delta Region in particular and Nigeria as a whole.

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    Keywords

    Development Economic Empowerment Gender Poverty
  • Author: ROSENJE Musharafa Olapeju, AINA Daniel Ayandiji, PhD, and MAVALLA Gimba Ayuba, PhD Volume: 2(2) April 2019 Page: 15-30

    Language and the electoral process in nigeria’s fourth republic: hate speech dimension

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  • ABSTRACT

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    The use of language in the electoral process of most developed democracies exhibits decorum and

    impacts positively on political campaigns and peaceful conduct of elections. In many developing and

    emerging democracies of Africa, the use of language in electioneering campaigns is characterised by

    hate speeches. This trend has generated a lot of concern to analysts because of the danger it portends to

    democratic stability. This paper examined hate speech and the electoral process in Nigeria’s Fourth

    Republic. It adopted the descriptive method, made use of data gathered through secondary source and

    content analysis. The paper posited that language is crucial to the success of the electoral process.

    However, the use of hate speeches in electioneering campaigns has often generated heat in the polity,

    which engendered violence of serious magnitude, resulting in loss of lives and wanton destruction of

    properties, thus affecting the quality of elections and democracy. The findings of the paper indicate that

    hate speeches in electioneering campaigns are antithetical to peaceful conduct of elections, sustenance

    of democracy and stability of the polity. The paper concluded that the use of hate speeches by the

    political elite in their electioneering campaigns accentuated electoral violence in Nigeria’s Fourth

    Republic. It was recommended that politicians who violate relevant laws on political campaigns should

    be made to face the wrath of the law. Also, the media should be more alive to its responsibility to the

    state by ensuring that reportage of electioneering campaigns is carried out in compliance with relevant

    laws, and any media outfit that violates such laws on political campaigns should be sanctioned.

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    Keywords

    Electioneering Campaigns Electoral Process Electoral Violence Hate Speeches Language And Nigeria’s Fourth Republic